The 6 hierarchical positions in a company

For a company to coordinate itself effectively, it is generally necessary to have a certain internal organization, which allows it to have a common objective and that all its members act in a coordinated manner and in the same direction, in addition to taking decisions. decisions. its operation, management and projection.

While there are several alternatives, one of the most common is creating a hierarchical structure, in which different positions represent different roles that can perform a specific number and type of tasks. What are the hierarchical positions in a company? Throughout this article we will try to make a small summary of the main hierarchical levels that usually exist in an organization.

    What is the hierarchical position?

    When we talk about a hierarchy in the company, we are referring to the existence of a structure or organization of it in which an arrangement of the position occupied by chat is established one of the components of it .

    At the level of the company, the existence of a hierarchy implies the creation of positions with different functions at the level of the organization, in which each member of society has a certain rank which places him in a position of superiority or inferiority in terms of roles, responsibilities and leadership.

    Based on this, we can understand the concept of hierarchical position as the place or place occupied by each individual in the organizational hierarchy of the company or company, which directly influences their functions and position in the organization.

    The main hierarchical positions of a company

    Before highlighting the different hierarchical positions that can be found in a company, it should be considered that there is no unique way to structure an existing organization of this type. different types of configuration in which the power can be distributed in very different ways.

    Thus, we can find different ways of organizing the operation and making decisions, which can range from a horizontal distribution of power (like cooperatives). to a very vertical and marked hierarchy, with more or less intermediate positions.

    In this way, it is possible that the hierarchical positions that we indicate next are not present in all or that the different roles and places can be clustered in the same person.

    Below we leave you with some of the top management positions that appear in most organizations.

    1. Executive Director / General

    He is called the CEO, CEO or CEO (the well-known CEO) in the highest position within the company, who has the maximum authority over it and the main function is to manage the company in its own right. together. He would be responsible for implementing the various actions to be taken to achieve the company’s objectives.

    It is the place of maximum leadership, making decisions at the strategic level and in terms of company policy and organization.

    2. President and Vice-president

    The second highest authority of the company rests on the figure of its president, often confused by the general manager. President is responsible for maintaining overall direction and setting overall goals and strategies of the company, as well as to represent it legally.

    The vice-presidents are supportive figures for the president, who in case of need can manage to assume their functions and who can also serve as advisers to the president.

      3. Department directors

      Still in management positions and directly below the general manager, we can find the directors of the various areas in which a company is incorporated. These directors are responsible for guiding and developing the strategies that the company will follow with regard to its scope of action, for which they are mainly responsible.

      Examples of this can be found in the positions of chief operating officer, chief financial officer or chief communications officer.

      4. Managers and bosses

      The managers are the main intermediary sites of a company. Its function is to direct and coordinate the workers of a certain section in order to carry out the activities proposed by the higher commands. They have the power to make decisions at the technical level.

      5. Supervisors

      The position of supervisor would already enter the operational level of the company, focusing directly on the management of the activity carried out by the workers. This site is responsible for coordinating and (as its name suggests) supervising the work and situation of employees, contributing to the smooth running of the activity and assess the needs and employment situation of its employees.

      6. Operators

      It is considered at the operational level the most basic level of the organization and company hierarchy, Which is made up of the various operators and professionals who perform the routine task and perform the tasks and operations that the senior positions indicate as their specific task. It is the most common hierarchical position and the one which directly performs the task proposed by the company.

      When the company is on the stock market: shareholders and board of directors

      So far we have talked about the different hierarchical positions that we can find in a generic organization, but we often find that a company has sold shares on the stock exchange, which also affects the organization of the company. In this sense, two other elements can be considered.

      Shareholders and general meeting of shareholders

      Many companies are run by their founder or founders and operate on the basis of their vision, but in other cases nonetheless. the operation of the company and its financing depend on the existence of shareholders, Which are usually organized into a board of directors, which ends up being the owners of the company or a part of it and which has the power to influence its direction. These have the power to appoint the members of the board of directors.

      Board of directors

      Board of directors it is a body set up by the general meeting of shareholders who is responsible for guiding and overseeing the management of the business. It may be made up of shareholders or directors representing them.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Ebner, A. and Beck N. (2008) Market institutions. Oxford University Press.
      • Tarragó Sabaté, F. (1989). Fundamentals of business economics. Barcelona: Hispano Americana.

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