Obviously, some jobs are more motivating than others. Most people have had very demotivating work experiences.
But … Why does the phenomenon of demotivation from employment occur? With this article, we will know some of the main reasons that make certain types of work a real torment for those who have to do it and what the differences are compared to those which are motivating.
What are the main causes of job demotivation?
There are few things worse for facing a long day at work than doing so by combating different causes of job demotivation. And it is that, when what you are doing, for one reason or another, does not give you a minimum of satisfaction, each day seems eternal and we may even experience symptoms on a psychological level with mood swings or signs of anxiety and / or depression.
The causes of the demotivation of employment make it a very common phenomenon. In fact, Spain is one of the developed countries with the highest rate of dissatisfied workers, accounting for almost 30% of the total. This is a very worrying figure, because it tells us that 3 in 10 Spanish employees feel dissatisfied with their job and therefore it is very likely that they suffer from several of the causes of demotivation in employment.
The process generated by the causes of demotivation of the job, in addition to having consequences for the employee himself, also has them for the company, as a person uncomfortable in his workplace, more than likely to have a performance well below which he could experience if he was motivated by his task. Therefore, this is a problem that the organization has to face, As it loses a value which can sometimes be very important.
Sometimes, by instituting a series of changes which should not be particularly costly for the company, a motivational effect on the workforce can be generated, reducing the causes of demotivation of employment, which results in a very significant increase of productivity, and it’s an issue that many companies overlook.
What are the causes of the demotivation of employment?
We’ve seen the repercussions that the various causes of job demotivation can have, but now we’re going to dig deeper into their research.
1. A low salary
Indeed, the first idea that comes to mind when we think of the possible causes of demotivating employment is to have a low salary. It is important to note that money is not an endless source of motivation. There are studies that show that from a certain point, the salary increase is no longer motivating. But this minimum must be reached if we want to prevent the worker from falling into a spiral of demotivation.
This may mean supplementing a low salary with some other kind of incentive, but in the medium term, if that salary stays in a lower range than the person feels it deserves, it won’t be long before the one of the main causes of demotivation. appears. Therefore, if the employer wants to avoid high turnover among its employees and aims to derive maximum productivity from it, it must cover the wage share. On the contrary, the worker is expected to leave the company as soon as he has the possibility.
2. Lack of recognition
Another of the most common causes of job demotivation is simply lack of recognition. If a person strives in the workplace to give the best version of himself and thus provide admirable productivity, but finds nothing but indifference and even a negative attitude towards him, it is very likely that the that person’s motivation collapses.
It is not enough that our work is remunerated by a fair wage. People also need to see other needs met, and recognition is one of the most important. The feeling of injustice that can arise if this does not happen can lead to a loss of interest in the work being done., And therefore generate a drop in productivity and therefore efficiency.
Something as simple as letting the employee know how important their job is, congratulating them on the results achieved or valuing their involvement in company projects, can be a differentiator, and not even a cost to the company, just more efficient management of human resources, so this factor should not be taken lightly, let alone.
3. Lack of career plan
Stagnation in employment, the belief that the ceiling has been touched or that it is no longer possible to evolve in the workplace, Which is not even some responsibility, is another cause of job demotivation. Maslow’s well-known pyramid tells us that the pinnacle of need is self-actualization. So if we think we can take it further, do more complex or more satisfying tasks, but don’t have the opportunity to do it, it’s reasonable to think that motivation will decrease.
If, as employers, we want to have employees with a high level of motivation, a good strategy is to design career plans with clear and defined criteria, and to make them known to everyone. With this method, a worker who has the ambition necessary to want to develop professionally and access higher positions in the company, will know exactly what is the path to follow and the actions to be taken to advance in this race, and therefore his motivation will increase. .
4. Cognitive dissonance
A problem that can also be one of the causes of job demotivation is the cognitive dissonance that can arise between the ideals of the worker and the behaviors he is forced to perform in his tobacco job. In the event of a conflict between these two variables, the employee will have less and less desire to accomplish his tasks. It is a very powerful phenomenon, because it directly attacks the values of the person.
Therefore, in order to overcome it and have a strong motivation, the other factors must be particularly powerful, because if not, it is very likely that it is ultimately the beliefs of the worker that wins the battle, i choose to quit your job in search of another that does not cause you this misfortune. The causes can be very personal, as they depend on each individual.
Some clear examples would be being vegan and animal and working in a meat company, being anti-smoking and working in a tobacco company, being against gambling and working in a bookie, etc. . Obviously, the logic is that, having a certain number of values, they are avoided at first specific works that attack your beliefs head-on (Like the examples seen), but sometimes economic needs force people, unfortunately, to forgo this concordance.
It may happen that a person receives a reasonably good salary, feels appreciated by those in charge and has no moral conflict over the tasks performed. However, his work can be particularly tedious and monotonous, either because of the repetitive actions he has to perform, for periods of very low workload which force him to remain for a long time without doing anything in particular, or other situations. similar.
This monotony would be added to the list of causes of demotivating employment. And this is it the lack of variety of tasks, a work environment without any dynamism, Or having long hours during which there is literally no work to do, they are a nuisance for the worker which results, of course, in a more negative perception of their work, and therefore a motivation towards the same .
6. Poor communication
The last of the causes of job demotivation is that which affects communication in the company, a key factor. It is possible for the worker to see that most of the criteria we have seen are met, but he nevertheless serious communication problems with their superiors. maybe the information you receive on your assignments is incomplete, contradictory or, much worse, that you do not even receive this information.
the problem can also arise in the other direction. Suppose the worker observes an incident of it and tries to communicate it to the managers, but there is no definite way to do it, or reports it but receives no response. All these situations can make the employee frustrated, isolated or deprived of the tools necessary for the proper development of his functions, which reduces his motivation.
- Plus, JL (2005). Professional motivation and human resource management in the theory of Frederick Herzberg. Management in the third millennium.
- Rodriguez Wilches, VD (2018). Demotivation, a critical issue for customer service. Bogota Chamber of Commerce. Commercial information center.
- Salazar, M .; Northía, AG (2016). Professional Motivation in the Service Industry What prompts a worker to do more than expected? Business magazine.