According to Daniel Goleman, who in addition to being a psychologist is also the author of several books related to behavioral and mental process sciences, there are several models of leadership applicable to human beings.
particularly these models of leadership according to Goleman are expressed in his book Primal Leadership. In this article, we will see what each of them consists of, so that the reader can know them and also specify which one they identify with the most.
What is leadership?
Leadership capacity primarily focuses on the ability to impart to other people a sufficient level of influence to enable them to achieve the goals and objectives under the supervision of the person exercising the functions of leader.
There are certain types of leadership that are commonly known, and they all revolve around conventional concepts and generally associated with teamwork processes (autocratic, transformational, participatory, bureaucratic, charismatic, and natural).
Psychologist Daniel Goleman has developed 6 leadership modelsApart from existing and conventional ones, it broadens our understanding of what it means to be a leader.
The 6 leadership models offered by Goleman
Below, we will see what are the leadership models according to Goleman and his collaborators Richard Boyatzis and An Mckee, and some of the most representative characteristics of each of them.
1. The visionary leader
In this first mode of leadership, Goleman argues that to motivate a group of people to perform tasks with a higher level of motivation and staff, the ideal is to share with them the final idea without indicating them the process to get there. Thus, each of them will have the opportunity to explore what are the best ways to transcend to achieve the ultimate goals, and will be motivated in the process.
It is not a highly recommended method of motivating experts in an area of their knowledge.
2. The personal trainer
This form of leadership is based on the identity of the leader attend individually to each of the participants, actively listening to their ideas and goals within the project.
This type of leadership greatly contributes to the personal development of each of the actors of the company, given that by being taken in charge individually, the leader also has the opportunity to motivate them according to their aspirations at their own level. .
3. Affiliate chef
These leaders are responsible for creating meaningful links between all members of the company with the intention that they can understand each other more adequately and achieve objectives with a higher level of productivity.
The main idea of this type of leadership is to decrease the stress levels that personal struggles can generate in the work environment; if all workers can connect more harmoniously, then a better level of efficiency will be achieved. It is one of the types of leadership offered by Goleman that creates greater personal involvement.
4. Democratic leader
The democratic leader he takes care of all the ideas and opinions of his group equally, Give every staff member equal importance at the start. This is a highly recommended method when first contacting a group of people to undertake a project.
The leader who uses this modality encourages everyone to participate actively and equitably, making them feel that no one is above anyone and that all his ideas and capacities are taken into account for the realization of the project in question.
5. The dominant leader
The dominant leader he is responsible for defining the objectives to be achieved in a fairly clear manner, Without giving rise to the participation of staff members; furthermore, it usually sets itself as an example of how to do things.
Leaders who choose this modality as their flag they generally tend to get good results in the short termBut over time, staff tend to become demotivated – and not perform best under this style of leadership.
6. Authoritarian leader
This modality focuses on give precise instructions to be followed to the letter, Without the possibility of participating in the methods that will be used for the execution process.
This type of leadership put in place by Goleman is beneficial in conveying safety to the group, and is a good way to allay the fears of less experienced members, as they see in their leader someone with enough knowledge to bring them to the fore. success. .
This modality is particularly effective at times when rapid action is needed to achieve goals. In times of crisis where the above alternatives have been exhausted, this type of leadership is most often used.
- Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., Mckee, A. (2017). The resonant leader creates more. The power of emotional intelligence. Debolsillo.