Entering the labor market is as relevant as it is complex; This moment when it is necessary to find work without previous experience is characterized by the emergence of a large number of doubts, uncertainties and fears of all kinds. And to this is added a context in which economic, social and technological changes are quite rapid and competitiveness prevails.
Although in the first place it can be a difficult and complex process for some people, the truth is that There are certain basic skills that we must keep in mind and that most employers look for when hiring new employees.. Many of these are what are known as “soft skills”: skills that can be learned and internalized, but not from simple memorization of programs or formal attendance at classes, but through combination of theoretical and practical learning.
We can have some of these skills integrated into our daily lives; Nevertheless others may need to be worked or trained in order to increase the chances of being hired by a company.
What are the skills to develop to find a first job?
Below is a summary of the main skills that we must have and strengthen to find a first job more easily.
1. Emotional Intelligence
Emotional intelligence is the ability that we humans have to understand emotions and manage the expression of emotional states to communicate successfully with the people around us and not fall into a dynamic of self-sabotage. It helps us to recognize our own emotions and those of others and to modulate them by adapting in real time to the situation in which we find ourselves..
It is a skill that most people develop especially throughout our childhood and adolescence, but that we can continue to train, and which is considered to be one of the main “soft skills” that solicit the companies more among their employees.
Emotional intelligence allows us to identify the needs of peers and superiors at all times and also helps us to convey information intelligibly about the tasks at hand, the company or our own needs of all kinds.
Teamwork is another of the most demanded “soft skills” in today’s job market, since in the business world there are more and more projects that are carried out in groups or as a team.
The main teamwork sub-skills that a prepared employee should have are make the right decisions keeping in mind that achieving team goals is a cooperative processassertiveness or communication respectful of one’s own criteria, active listening, solving complex problems and ability to communicate.
All of these skills together are necessary for working diligently in a team and shape the skill set of a competent employee.
3. Mental Flexibility
Flexibility is the ability of the employee to adapt to new or unfavorable situations by going beyond the mental maps that we usually use in a given context, in this case with the aim of connecting with the way of thinking of others. East something very useful both in the jobs in which you have to lead and in the jobs that the public facesbecause customers and consumers often think of what we offer them in a very different way than the way we do, who spend several hours a week thinking about it and we are also emotionally involved in our productivity goals.
This flexibility can be both hourly and show the ability to adopt new forms of work, either individually or in a team, in the face of new, critical or problematic situations.
4. Goal Orientation
Knowing how to understand what the short, medium and long term objectives are it is essential to connect to a job and to achieve it or even to have the possibility to evolve within a company. Companies tend to reject profiles that aren’t clear about what they want or expect from them.
Resilience is a skill that is also part of soft skills and is defined as the ability to adapt to adverse situations by learning from what has happened, and especially mistakes, but without letting guilt paralyze us. It helps to come out stronger in the face of bad experiences or critical situations.
Resilient people learn from everything that happens to them in life, including the bad, instead of trying not to think about it or obsessing over those memories and getting into a dynamic of self-loathing. This is why it is so important to have this skill both in the workplace and among staff.
6. Digital Communication
Digital communication is essential in most businesses and organizations of all kinds. It includes both the ability to express oneself in a synthetic and orderly way through speech and writing, on the one hand, and the ability to use new technologies to do so, on the other. It is one of the most visible characteristics of an application through a CV and a cover letter.
This is why an aspirant to opt for any job must master tools such as messaging systems on digital platforms of all kinds. It is about understanding the logic in which ICT works, at least at a basic level, be able to predict and understand how most computer program interfaces work although we have little or no experience with these in particular.
In addition, it should be noted that many recruiters conduct research on social media and other platforms, identifying profiles capable of effectively communicating their ideas in the digital environment.
7. Commitment Development
Commitment to the workplace and the company we work with is also essential in any self-respecting worker, and this is based on focus at work, attention, productivity and motivation.
It’s based on the ability to work honestly and know how to transmit this honesty oriented towards medium and long-term objectives that benefit both us and the company. And it is from this competence that organizations are encouraged to invest time and resources in the internal training of their staff, to help them take advantage of their talents and interests and to promote progressive positions.
Commitment also means adhering from day one to the interests or corporate objectives of our company and being true to them at all times, committing ourselves to providing the best performance in the workplace at all times.
8. Autonomous learning
Finally, another of the key skills needed to find the first job is to demonstrate a constant and independent learning ability.
This means show us your availability to learn new knowledge and train yourself in various fields of knowledge, whether in the field of technology, programming or in the field of formal learning.
Do you want to know about soft skills from the perspective of candidates and companies?
If you wish to understand soft skills and their implications in the professions at the same time as you specialize professionally in Human Resources, you may be interested in the Own Master in Talent Selection and Management offered by the University of Malaga. It is a one-year training program that consists of three main blocks: talent selection; Training, personal and organizational development; and Practicas, which can be carried out in several of the most important companies that operate in Spanish territory. If you want to know more, go to this page.
- Bohlander, G.; Sherman, A., & Snell, S. (2001). Human Resource Management. And more: Cengage Learning Publishers.
- Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.