Adolf Hitler’s psychological profile: 9 personality traits

If someone asks us for the names of some of the people who caused the most deaths in modern history, it’s easy for the name of Adolf Hitler.

This German soldier and politician of Austrian origin, responsible for the outbreak of World War II and the deaths of millions of people under his tenure as Führer, was one of the most feared historical figures of modernity.

His personality traits and leadership and manipulation skills, as can be seen in his ability to use rhetoric and oratory, have been the subject of study ever since. In this article we will try to offer Hitler’s psychological profile from profiles produced by Murray and visualization of graphic and literary documents.

    Adolf Hitler: analytical difficulties

    Establishing a psychological profile of a particular person without directly observing or analyzing their behavior and characteristics is complicated and inefficient, as no real psychological exploration can be done. Any psychological profile carried out on a person without any contact between a health professional and the subject in question is more imprecise, which also occurs when the psychological profile of a person who has already died is drawn up.

    In Hitler’s case, there is no evidence that he underwent a psychiatric evaluation, and professionals who were in direct contact with him died, probably executed by the SS or sent to concentration camps. The only way to try to establish something that looks like a psychological profile is the analysis of his speeches, his actions and the ideas he conveyed through writing.

    Hitler’s psychological profile

    The personality of Adolf Hitler was an aspect of great concern to various governments during World War II. During his time, he commissioned several researchers and experts to draw up a psychological profile of the dictator. More precisely highlight those made by Henry Murray for the Office of Strategic Services (Office of Strategic Services or OSS, precursor of the current CIA) and by Joseph MacCurdy, With both profiles online.

    However, it should be borne in mind that none of the authors had direct contact with the analysand, so that the profiles developed were made from the analysis of different materials and not from the exploration. of the individual.

    The main personality traits of Adolf Hitler that can be drawn from these reports, as well as from various documentary sources both audiovisual and written, include the following considerations.

    1. Selfishness and the Messiah’s Complex

    In the various speeches and documents preserved by the dictator, it is possible to observe how Adolf Hitler he was seen as a force chosen to lead Germany and achieve victory. He saw himself as an embodiment of good, destined to lead his people.

    This fact would be favored by the cult of a large part of the German people during his rise to power. At present, it could be considered a case of self-referential delirium.

    2. Difficulties relating to privacy

    Little is known about Hitler’s intimate life, aside from his relationship with Eva Braun. However, the records of the time seem to indicate that while the dictator could show great charm with his entourage and follow him, he had serious difficulties establishing deep relationships, in part because of the difficulty involved. . express their feelings with regard to affection.

    3. Feelings of inferiority and self-loathing

    The various studies and profiles that have been carried out on his personality and his history indicate that the dictator he had a strong inferiority complex, Which led him to seek superiority and assertiveness. In fact, the report prepared by Murray highlights the presence of a weak yoica structure, possibly a product of the abuse he was subjected to by his father.

    It is also in part revealing that the Aryan race he advocated enjoyed characteristics that he himself did not have, which seems to favor the idea of ​​the existence of low self-esteem and low self-esteem. a feeling of inferiority.

    4. Contempt for weakness

    Associated with the above trait we find the presence of a contempt for weakness. This contempt for those he considered inferior can be seen in his actions and the systematic elimination of those who at the time were considered weak, such as psychiatric patients and the intellectually disabled.

    5. Perseverance

    The various reports and press releases seem to indicate that Hitler was particularly tenacious and obsessed with his goals, and it was very difficult for him to admit defeat. In fact, Murray’s report indicated that the dictator was likely to commit suicide if the war was lost.

    6. Charisma and ability to manipulate

    One of the most famous facets of Adolf Hitler’s personality is his great capacity for charisma. The German dictator aroused passions among his troops and among the masses, As can be seen in the various graphic materials of his speeches and the stubborn behavior and loyalty to his figure by most of his troops.

    He also highlights his ability to convince and manipulate both masses and individuals of his position and the veracity of his words.

      7. Theatricality

      Adolf Hitler he possessed great theatrical and dramatic abilityThis made it easier for him to reach the village and helped convince others of his views.

      8. Obsession with power

      Like many other dictators, power was important to Hitler. The creation of organizations like the Gestapo to maintain the obedience of the population and the elimination of dissidents are proof of this. In the same way this can be seen in its expansionist policy, Invade different countries like Poland or try to attack Russia. In the book he wrote while in prison, Mein Kampf went so far as to write that his party was not to serve the masses, but to bow.

      9. Little capacity for empathy

      Little or no ability to identify with subjugated peoples and the proposal of various extermination plans for various types of population such as Jews, homosexuals, gypsies, people with psychiatric problems and dissidents show little or no no capacity for empathy.

        Psychopathologies associated with the dictator

        The different personality traits as well as the atrocity of his actions have meant that throughout history various mental disorders have been attributed to Hitler. Murray Report he talked about schizophrenia, neurosis and hysteria, Among other terms.

        Other authors believe Hitler may have suffered from drug addiction, paranoid schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or even Asperger’s syndrome. It is also associated with different paraphilias such as sadomasochism. The personality traits described above may be related to the existence of a certain degree of psychopathy, since the typical characteristics of this type of subject are respected, but it is also very possible that it is pure propaganda to discredit their figure. take advantage of the stigma that weighs on people with mental disorders.

        In any case, it must be borne in mind that none of these considerations can be regarded as proven or affirmed categorically, because as we have said, they are based on the analysis of events and events. documents without having had real contact with the analyzed. There is also a risk of minimizing the responsibility of the subject, as well as trivializing something as serious as the mass genocide committed by the Nazi leader.

        Bibliographical references:

        • Koepf, G. and Soyka, M. (2007) Hitler Psychiatric Archives. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience; 257 (4).
        • Murray, HA (1943). Analysis of the personality of Adolf Hitler. With predictions of his future behavior and suggestions for dealing with him now and after Germany’s surrender.
        • Redlich, F. (1998). Hitler: diagnosis of a destructive prophet. Oxford University Press.
        • Stewart, D. (2005) In the Mind of Adolf Hitler. BBC.

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