Conservatives are those who, counted and debated, assume that until proven guilty, tradition dictates the rules to be followed in a society. However, neither his interpretation of reality goes through such literal statements, nor does this idea serve to detect conservatism where he lives, something useful for knowing the way of being of individuals and groups.
In this article we will focus on the characteristics of preservatives.
Beliefs and Traits of Conservative People
Every country and culture has a different type of conservatism, so it’s important to keep in mind that conservatives accept various nuances.
However, there are a number of typical characteristics that are generally a good indicator of the relevance of traditions to someone. Let’s see.
1. Essentialist view of things
Conservatives tend to believe in essences, that is, the idea that all things, animals, landscapes and people have an intangible element that gives them an identity.
From this point of view, there is no need to argue why certain things must continue to exist as they have so far, since betting on the opposite option would be going against the essence. This is usually reflected in the way they use the language and, in his appeals to what is “natural” and “unnatural”, Expressions which mean nothing beyond the expression of opposition to a recent reform or to a modification of something (examples: laws in favor of same-sex marriage, emergence of new technologies, etc.).
2. Emphasis on the nuclear family model
For sociological reasons, in countries with a Western tradition, conservatives advocate a model of coexistence based on the nuclear family, that is to say that which consists of a husband, a wife and sons and daughters. . The reason is that, in this way of looking at it, it is the most balanced way of looking at it. pass on the culture that future generations must inherit, Although there is no evidence that this is so.
3. Defense of gender roles
Another characteristic of the conservatives is that they oppose any measure that promotes gender equality from a collectivist point of view, that is, of institutions and associations. The reason is partly the essentialism that we saw in the previous point, and partly the rejection of the possibility of questioning their customs.
Thus, it is assumed that women have a role to play in the management of family resources, As well as breeding and reproduction, while the man must have the material and financial power of the family.
On the other hand, homophobia is common among conservatives, ranging from extremes in which they assault people for their sexuality, to the defense that homosexuals should not be assaulted but should have fewer rights to kiss the public, etc.).
4. Respect for ancestors
Respect for ancestors is the backbone of the concept of people or nation which brings much of the identity to conservatives. That means he was born with certain responsibilities and obligations no longer with the rest of our fellow citizens, but also with those who died a long time ago but who are linked to us by family ties.
5. Association between morality and religion
Conservatives, even those who are not religious practitioners, defend the idea that the moral of society emanates from religion and that it is good that it is so. This means that it is assumed that believers of other religions or atheists do not have the same ability to distinguish between good and evil.
Nationalism is the idea that there is an inseparable union between a people and a specific territory, and that anything that attacks that union must be fought. This, which is also a consequence of typically conservative essentialism, means that anything considered “foreign” is tolerated to some extent only by the simple fact of being so, on the one hand, and that an attempt be made to suppress the customs of minorities belonging to cultures that have historically lived within the confines of what is considered “one nation”.
7. Defense of the force of will
In conservatism, it is very common to assume that things happen through the presence or absence of will, individually or collectively. Therefore, the interpretation of reality responds more to what one believes to be legitimate than to what one thinks to be put into practice, because it is assumed that if enough people want something, it will inevitably happen.
It is an idea that appears in the assign human characteristics to society, As if intentions and desires were in themselves what pushed social phenomena forward.