To live in society is to be constantly under the pressure of a series of rules, written and unwritten, which in theory help us to live together without significant friction between us. We are all affected by them, but we do not all have the same tendency to accept them and to make our actions coincide with them.
What we commonly call cynics is an example.. These are individuals who are characterized, among other things, by not having objections to show in a fairly open manner that do not comply with the most important rules. They are often accused of having acted shamelessly, which means that in an instant they can continue to gain the enmity of many.
Again cynicism is a learned behavior patternIt’s usually expressed fairly consistently over time, unless specific life experiences or a person’s simple maturation change that. Below we will see what are the typical characteristics that define it.
Characteristics of cynical people
These are the characteristics that show a tendency towards cynicism in a person. They are not ordered according to a certain criterion and do not necessarily have to all be given at the same time. On the other hand, keep in mind that there are different levels of intensity in everything, and it is very difficult to find people who take all of these characteristics to the purest extreme of what is. cynicism.
1. Tendency to use basic errors
Cynics they have no problem using tricks in their way of arguingAs they sometimes try to persuade others by taking advantage of our propensity to think through cognitive shortcuts, even if that involves leading us to a false conclusion.
Therefore, they make misleading comparisons, criticize the person instead of the argument, appeal to the opinion of a supposed authority on the subject without showing why he is right, etc. Normally, the fact that many errors can appear in the same chat means that a lot of them are detected as such immediately, but cynics usually don’t care.
2. Tendency to egocentricity
Another of the most important characteristics of cynical people is that they live almost entirely self-directed, and therefore they don’t feel particularly bad about thinking that others may think badly of them. Moreover, another consequence of this egocentricity is that there are easily situations in which they hurt someone on purpose or unintentionally, to achieve something that only they will appreciate.
3. Ease of pretending
Cynics are not simply individuals who do not conform to social conventions; nor do they conform to a morality in which honesty has value. Therefore, it is not difficult for them to show that they care about others and, when they are interested, to completely shatter that illusion to act the way they really feel and think, practically without any shame.
4. Pessimistic view of society
Normally, cynics don’t expect much from society as a whole. Either way, they can see it as a sum of individuals who agree not to hurt themselves for a period of time, just so as not to hurt themselves. It is an individualistic way of conceiving social relations.
5. They are suspicious
By having a rather negative outlook on life, cynical people don’t feel pressured to gain the sympathy of others except for specific reasons related to specific advantages.
6. They can say what they think, without shame
Often times, they don’t do this in response to a practical purpose, but when it doesn’t have obvious negative consequences, cynical people can be very transparent, which means that without saying something that would be relevant in a conversation, it is easier not to be afraid of what they are going to say or out of embarrassment, Rather irrational elements. This can be good or bad, depending on the case and the sensitivity of who is listening or reading.
7. They lie easily
As there is no moral “limit” to this, lying is seen as one more tool in a world where everyone is looking for their own. Therefore, cynical people are more likely to lie to achieve their goals.