Optimists are often criticized for not hitting the ground. While excessive optimism can be detrimental, especially when one ceases to be objective and gets carried away by unfounded optimism, youResearch Finds Optimistic People Make More Money Than Cynics.
Cynicism has a price
Being a cynical person comes at a price: it saves you less money. This is the conclusion reached by researchers from the University of Cologne (Germany). WHAT (American Psychological Association) and led by Olga Stavrova and Daniel Ehlebracht, states that cynicism not only affects physical and emotional health, but also affects the wallet.
This only happens in countries with high levels of altruistic behavior and a low homicide rate. In this group are the Netherlands, Italy, Finland and Sweden.
Cynicism Affects Health and Wallet
Olga Stravova, a researcher at the Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology at the University of Cologne, says: “Previous research on the consequences of a cynical attitude indicates that it affects different aspects negatively. Cynicism has negative consequences on physical health and psychological well-being., the relationship and, as this study indicates, the pocket of the cynical person. “
This research revealed that optimists earn an average of $ 3,600 more per year than cynics. In addition, they often miss out on valuable opportunities to work as a team and cooperate with people who can help them increase their income.
The study used data from Europe and the United States
The study involved more than 16,000 subjects who responded to questionnaires measuring mistrust and an attitude of cynicism. These results were then compared to the incomes of the respondents. The participants were people living in Europe and the United States and the study combines the results of different research.
The first survey used data from 1,146 participants who took part in a survey of the changing lives of Americans in 2002 and 2011.
The second study used data from 497 participants from a study published in the General Social Survey that was conducted in 2010 and 2012. The responses were similar to the study mentioned above.
The third study involved 15,698 Germans who were interviewed each year from 2003 to 2012. The results were similar in all studies.
Despite the results, Olga Stavrova, co-author of the research, notes that “paradoxically in other countries where there is less philanthropy and more anti-social behavior, more cynical people earn less than optimists. This happens in countries where this type of attitude is culturally justified “.