Introverted people: 4 characteristics that define them

The introverted personality is one of those that arouses the most interest in the fields of differential and applied psychology as well as in that of popular culture. And it is that many people feel identified with the category of “introverts” based on their assessment of how they relate to the environment and to others.

But …what exactly is it like to be an introverted person beyond this notion that it has something to do with shyness? Let’s start by starting with the most basic question of all.

    What is introversion?

    Introversion is a concept originally invented by Carl Jung, known among others for being one of the disciples of Sigmund Freud who ended up distancing himself from his master. Jung created the categories of introversion and extroversion to refer to a duality of mutually exclusive psychological traits (although each introverted person has a bit of extroversion and vice versa) and they were based on one main idea.

    This idea was that introverts tend to focus their psychological activity on private mental processes and only indirectly related to the environment, while introverts tend to seek external stimuli in the present, all the time.

    Over time, the psychodynamic paradigm from which Jung and Freud started lost its force, but in the second half of the twentieth century, from a psychometric approach of researchers in differential psychology, they maintained the introversion-extraversion dialectic because they saw that it describes well the way in which a part of the human personality distinguishes us and explains the trends in our behavior.

    Specifically, Raymond Cattell and Hans Eysenck, two of the leading figures in the field of differential psychology, have used this category in their personality models. And they are not alone.

      Its relation to shyness

      While it is very easy to confuse introversion with shyness, and in practice it is very easy for these two characteristics to occur simultaneously in people, technically they are not the same, and it is not uncommon to find people introverts who are not shy. the reverse case is stranger.

      The main difference between introverted and shy people is that the former they don’t have to worry about giving a bad image, And they don’t have to have some respect for the relationship situation with people they don’t know. Their connection to the “private” realm of their own mind is not the result of fear, but rather of how they process information in real time.

      Characteristics of introverted people

      When describing typical traits of introverted people, the most common are as follows.

      1. Avoid being constantly in changing and complex environments

      Introverted people they experience significant psychological wear and tear if they have to be constantly involved in the events unfolding around them and which present a relatively high degree of uncertainty. For example, if they have to do public work full time.

      This is why they have to “rebuild their strength” away from this type of context.

      2. They need time for themselves

      Another characteristic of introverted people is that they actively seek to reserve a time and place to be alone. This not only has to do with the need to rest, but, by their way of being, a large part of the activities that they find most motivating and stimulating are based on introversion and therefore they try to have environments that do not present distractions.

      This is something that particularly affects relationships, and something that can cause problems if it clashes with the other person’s expectations, which can interpret this as distancing or as a sign that the love bond is weak. .

      3. Tendency to have relationships with few people

      This is another consequence of how the minds of these people work. How to look particularly stable and they don’t really like situations in which there is uncertainty, Introverted people prefer to have relationships with a rather small circle of friends and not be dependent on many other face-to-face interactions with people outside that group.

      As a result, they are usually not very talkative or assertive, as they prefer to keep a low profile in their social relationships so as not to lengthen them too much and keep them simple, uncomplicated.

      4. They prefer practicality to striking

      For introverts, social capital is of little value beyond those with whom they have a strong emotional connection. For that, the idea of ​​wanting to attract attention does not mean much to them, And this even tends to be reflected in the way they dress, chosen not so much for their striking aesthetics as for criteria of practical use, such as their comfort.

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