Communicating is essential for human beings, being necessary to live in society and to be able to understand and be understood. Fortunately, we have a very useful tool for this: the language. But there is not just one language, but in our interactions with others we can apply different types of language.
Specifically, body language is one of the most powerful communication tools we have. Moreover, there a link between our personality and our body language style that we use.
However, to understand this, we must first keep in mind that language is capable of taking many forms and that our way of being is not embodied only in what we literally say through words.
Much more than words
While in general when we speak of language we generally think of speech and verbal communication, by language we mean all that system used by one or more individuals to convey information through a series of symbolic elements or signs whose meaning is shared by the two interlocutors, being possibly this emission of voluntary or involuntary information.
This communication is established for a specific purpose, and can have different functions such as informing, persuading, organizing one’s own behavior or creating social bonds.
Types of body language
Language can also be classified according to the type of elements used in the communicative exchange.
As for body language, this can be classified This way:
Gesture or physiotherapy
Kinesica refers to the use of gestures and movements to convey information, Be particularly useful for expressing the emotivity of the sending individual.
This is what our general position communicates and the separation between the different components of the communicative situation. In other words, it is about the meaning of distances.
Separation or closeness between people indicates different degrees of trust and / or positions of power that exist between individuals, as well as the relationship between what we say and what we hear about it (we come closer when we want to involve the other in what we say, for example). They distinguish between intimate, personal, social or public distances.
The relationship between personality and body language
As we have seen, body language this includes the gestures we perform and how we approach or distance ourselves of certain elements or people.
With that in mind, we can talk about the style of sign language associated with the main personality types:
1. Shy personality
In social situations, shy people are more likely to keep their arms and legs close to the vertical axis of their chest. In turn, they tend not to look in the eyes people who relate to them.
On the other hand, it is common for them to keep their arms crossed in front of their chest. or that they join their hands under the navel. They tend to keep a cautious distance from people they don’t know too well and can’t wait to be touched by them, although this is not the case in some cultures.
2. Open personality
This personality style is characterized by openness to experience and the search for new stimuli. As for the non-verbal language associated with this class of people, it is characterized by expansive expressiveness, which means that they separate the arms and legs from the vertical axis of the trunk very easily and that, in general, his posture indicates the relaxation of his muscles. For example, when seated, they can stretch and spread their legs a lot, unless they are in a very formal setting.
Another characteristic of these people is that they don’t show objections when they look in the eyes of other people, although they do this only to capture more data about them, not to communicate about themselves. themselves.
3. Dominant personality
Dominant people express their power through their gestures and postures. frequently they perform fast and powerful movements, With tight muscles, although this is not something that they do constantly, because in this case these actions would lose their impact. They also tend to be very close to others and use their gaze in a calculated way to show their determination and intimidation: they stare at each other intensely and for a long time to make the other person a part.
4. Friendly personality
The friendly personality is typical of individuals who constantly try to express that their intentions are good and that there is no need to maintain high defenses. They tend to do this by expressing subordination, Which can be real or apparent, such as tilting your trunk slightly to where the other person is and making slow, gentle gestures that move from the interlocutor to an outside point, meaning they take the perspective of the other.
5. Neurotic personality
People with a neurotic personality style they express their emotions in a disorganized and almost “unfiltered” way. This means that they can mix different gestural and proximal styles in a matter of hours, and also in very marked and subtle ways.
6. Emotionally stable personality
These people keep body language that tends towards neutrality, Which means that the style they use to express how they feel is as stable as their mood.