Machiavellian people: 8 characteristics that characterize them

Machiavellianism is a concept that refers to a distinction between strategies used to achieve certain ends and morality. The famous phrase “the goal justifies the means” captures the essence of this idea..

However, Machiavellianism should not be seen only as the political doctrine that it originally was: this concept can also be used to explore people’s behavioral patterns and ultimately recognize certain characteristics that define the Machiavellian people.

The Machiavellian personality in 8 traits

There is no single criterion by which we can classify the different personality types: on the one hand, we have the 8 personality types according to Carl Jung and the Myers-Briggs indicator, which are so ambiguous in their categories. and concepts that they are not useful. , and on the other hand, we have personality tests with more scientific support like 16PF.

But beyond these personality tests that are applicable to anyone, it is possible to spot certain trends and generalities that define very specific personality types. In this case, we will see what are the characteristics of the Machiavellian people.

1.reification of people

Machiavellian people can be because they tend to have less empathy than usual with other people. That is, they exhibit certain traits of sociopathy, although these don’t have to be very extreme.

Since they don’t emotionally connect with others, they can interact with others as if everyone who is not themselves is a resource to be squeezed at some point. In this way, a division is created between the subject (oneself) and the object (others).

2. Ease of detecting weaknesses in others

Machiavellian people they are adept at detecting weaknesses in each person’s personality and taking advantage of them for their own benefit. For example, a person who highly values ​​their public image will likely be used by a Machiavellian person to elevate themselves socially by winning their friendship, and at the same time find key moments to force the other person to behave in a certain way. to maintain their good social image without it sounding like blackmail.

3. The tendency to manipulative strategies

This point is derived from the above. Since Machiavellians have little empathy and devote much of their attention to detecting the weaknesses of others, they are constantly devising ways to manipulate others for their own benefit. In other words, they do something similar to what an engineer would do when programming a robot: create the conditions for the other to move towards a goal that has been imposed on him.

    4. Pulse control

    Contrary to what happens in cases of sociopathy, one of the characteristics of the psychopathic tendency of Machiavellians is to almost total control over what is constantly being done. A large part of its actions respond to a plan, which reconstitutes this strategy separate from morality.

    This characteristic is further associated with high intelligence.

    5. They have ambitious goals

    Machiavellians can spend a lot of time and effort figuring out how to leverage what other people are doing, which is why they set lofty goals, which are very valuable to them. After all, no one makes plans to get something simple and easy to buy from the group store.

    6. Long-term goal

    Related to the previous section, this refers to the fact that the goals of these people they are located in a distant place in time. This is the price you have to pay for setting important goals and which can only be achieved by developing a series of complex actions.

    Moreover, this characteristic distinguishes Machiavellians from impulsive people accustomed to giving in to their desires to the detriment of the well-being of others.

    7. Lack of remorse

    When Machiavellians do something that hurts others, they don’t feel bad about it, as it is seen as a consequence of the action plan that has been developed. In other words, they don’t even have to think about it and usually ignore that facet of reality that they helped build directly. After all, disregarding the well-being of others is almost a habit you are used to.

    8. They are constantly making plans

    As Machiavellians are predisposed to causing discomfort to others without suffering, it can be said that they have a range of choices and decisions that the rest of the people are constrained by the morality that guides their actions. This is why he exploits this characteristic by plotting and doing what others avoid doing so as not to fall into a cognitive dissonance that would undermine his self-esteem.

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