Psychopathy is a disorder in which the individual not feeling remorse in situations you would expect to feel or to harm others. However, there are varying degrees of psychopathy and types of personality traits associated with this phenomenon.
Personality types associated with psychopathy
Depending on the type of psychopathy, Ronald Blackburn proposed 4 types of psychopaths: the primary psychopath can be very extroverted, impulsive, hostile and aggressive; introvert with the same traits above, who is called a secondary psychopath. On the other hand, there is one who has a great need for control, is always on the defensive, has high self-esteem, and keeps his anxiety low for what is called a controlled psychopath. One who is blamed, shy, anxious and with a low level of self-esteem is called an inhibited psychopath.
On the other hand, in the classification of personalities, there are some which, by their characteristics, have a high relation with psychopathic behaviors. Each is described below:
1. Paranoid personality
They tend to be suspicious, suspicious, suspicious, and irritated. They can interpret external signals as hostile or threatening even if they do not have that intention. If someone harms them, they seek revenge. When they feel threatened, they choose to attack before being attacked; they use reactive violence. This personality is closely linked to passionate crimes.
2. Schizoid personality
they are generally isolated people, may be considered by others as “rare”. They avoid having relationships with others and if they have to make contact, it is uncomfortable for them. They tend to be listless and callous. This personality is linked to very violent crimes because they employ instrumental violence, so they have time to plan the crime with a “cool head” and focus 100% on the suffering.
3. Antisocial personality
This personality can be observed from childhood, as children who suffer from it tend to frighten others already mistreating animals. They easily break the rules, Seek immediate satisfaction in their actions; they use reactive violence. They tend to blame their victims, as if they had already been pressured into forced sex.
Two variants of criminal psychopathy
In criminal psychopathy, a classification of:
It is he who plans his conduct, thinks of everything; how to catch, how to commit the crime, where, what to do with the victim. He uses instrumental violence, he rejoices in both the execution and the damage caused, he is moved by the crime to be committed.
Choose your victims carefullySince these mean something in the crime fantasy, they must meet certain characteristics. It is possible to identify a modus operandi, the crime scene can be changed to represent something. Neurobiologically, there is a high degree of activation in the amygdala and in the orbitofrontal cortex, which allows planning of its actions.
the one who he does not regulate his behavior, he is impulsive in the face of the stimulus that causes him discomfort or anger. He uses reactive violence, which means he is “acting hot”. He has a great need to act in a way that does not choose his victim, it can be anyone, so they are often called “crimes of opportunity”. Just find a way to download. It is difficult to find a model unlike organized crime.
In the neurobiological aspect, unlike the previous one, there is little or no activity in the orbitofrontal cortex so there is no inhibitory control. He is hypersensitive to social and emotional issues, there is a distortion in his social cognition. And, like the organized one, there is a strong activation in the amygdala.
What to do to intervene psychologically?
Although there is no specific treatment for psychopathy if there are any suggestions for intervention. Behavior-based therapies are recommendedIt is necessary to work with awareness of the consequences of the acts performed by the person, self-control, self-observation and not seek immediate rewards. It is important to promote critical thinking, the meaning of one’s own emotions, feelings and perceptions. Work on the external locus of control. As part of psychopharmacological treatment, drugs that inhibit aggression and / or impulses are used.