Having good self-esteem is important in many aspects of our lives. This factor makes it easier for us to get involved in important projects that can lead us to improve our quality of life, makes our life easier when it comes to socializing, and helps prevent crises and small daily defeats from sinking us mentally. .
However, like virtually any psychological factor related to personality, an excess of self-esteem can lead to problems … both for yourself and for those around you. When those high levels of self-esteem turn into narcissism, everything changes.
In this article we will see what are the different types of narcissism and how they can be expressed in a person’s behavior.
The different types of narcissism
One could define narcissism as a psychological predisposition to gain recognition from others in the form of expressly positive evaluations or indirectly, with particularly respectful treatment and mixed with admiration.
In addition, narcissistic people are characterized by the realization of other traits that go in the direction of this expansive self-esteem: ideas of greatness about oneself, The predisposition to underestimate others and the difficulties to show empathy, among others.
It is a personality element that can be present in varying degrees of intensity, so the more extreme it is, the more likely it is to fit into one of the symptom clusters of a mental disorder. However, not all people with a high level of narcissism suffer from a mental disorder that significantly affects their quality of life.
But in the same way that we can find differences in the degrees of intensity of this mental phenomenonIt is also possible to recognize some qualitative differences in the way narcissism is expressed. Specifically, Dr. Bruce Stevens offers a classification of types of narcissism that can help us better understand all the nuances of this element of personality.
In this case, we are not talking about the stereotype of someone happy to know themselves, very happy with who they are and what they can accomplish. On the contrary; this type of narcissism is characterized by the desperation with which validation is sought by others.
Thus, these people combine a certain feeling of very subtle superiority, on the one hand, with the realization that this superiority cannot be put into practice, and therefore special treatment is needed to compensate for this situation. Their desire to gain the approval of others makes them obsessive.
It is a kind of narcissism focused on demonstrations of power, that is, imposing one’s will on others. Whoever presents it, likes to subjugate those around him.
Such narcissists isolate themselves in an imaginary world where their feelings of greatness match their perception of themselves. The tendency to fantasize is therefore a way to resolve the incongruity to feel special while believing to be mediocre in the concrete way of behaving on a daily basis.
4. Focus on the body
It is one of the types of narcissism in which more importance is given to the image projected in front of others. More precisely, all the attention is focused on valuing one’s own body and the way it is. it corresponds to certain canons of beauty.
Of course, this appreciation for aesthetics also translates into the need to regularly receive compliments and flattery.
This category includes people who they feel good about themselves by feeling qualified when they try to cheat on others in exchange for personal gain. It is a type of narcissism that has a lot in common with typically psychopathic traits.
It is a type of narcissism oriented towards married life and love. In this case, unreasonable expectations of what the relationship with another person should be like makes it very easy for them to go into crisis.
The bond of love is idealized, Since one considers oneself to be a special love, and therefore, when problems arise, one does not adopt a constructive mentality in front of them.
The person sees himself as a person capable of transforming lives and of specifically educating others so that they fit into a way of being that corresponds to his personality.
In this case, the person has a very low frustration threshold when he finds that he has not respected it or that he has not been treated with due diligence. As a result, unwarranted outbursts of anger are common.
Their social life is often very bumpy because any situation of ambiguity can lead to problems.
The ideas of greatness in this case focus on the idea that we are more worthy than normal because we suffer and because we sacrifice ourselves.