These personality types refer to how people react to everyday situations, As well as extreme situations, resulting in stress. However, these type A, B, and C personality models are used to assign different ways of expressing people to their thoughts and behaviors.
Personality and expression of stress
Friedman and Rosenman, cardiologists, after studying the relationship between different personality types and cardiovascular disease, revealed a direct correlation in the management of stress, personality type and disease.
They have done different studies. In a first study, they were able to differentiate the personality types of patients, highlighting those who waited quietly and those who could not sit for long and exhibited restless movements through the arms, hands and legs or feet. . These results were not initially accepted by the medical community; the change in this interpretation came after the results obtained during its formal investigation, as indicated below.
After this study, Friedman and Rosemann (1976) qualified a first type A behavior, and they indicated they were at increased risk of heart disease and the corresponding arterial hypertension compared to type B,
Friedman and Rosenman conducted a longitudinal study to demonstrate the correlation between personality type and incidence of heart disease. It was published in the Western Collaborative Group Study, in which 3,154 healthy men aged 39 to 59 were studied for eight and a half years.
they finished a questionnaire with questions prepared by Friedman & Rosenman: Like now:
- Do you feel guilty if you are using your free time to relax?
- Need to win to enjoy games and sports?
- Do you move, walk and eat fast?
- Do you often try to do more than one thing at a time?
After obtaining the answers, they concluded and differentiated the types of behaviors exhibited from type A and B.
The two personality models they were prone to developing coronary artery disease. But after differentiating between certain habits such as smoking and certain lifestyles, it was possible to appreciate how people with type A personality have virtually the same portability to develop heart disease as people with type B.
After this data, and after eight years, the results obtained from the members of the study were that 257 of them had developed coronary heart disease. The end result was decisive, as 70% of the men who developed coronary heart disease were type A personalities.
What are type A, BIC personalities like?
Then all of this allows us to define the different types of personalities and traits that differentiate not only behavior but also the impact of anxiety on the body.
Type A individuals they tend to be very demanding, competitive and self-critical. They are great fighters, they are not patient, they work hard to achieve their goals and when achieved they do not produce great satisfaction.
They tend to be ambitious, showing great involvement, especially in terms of employment. They tend to be impatient which in the long run makes them unproductive, after the latter they try even harder and this turns this pattern of behavior into a vicious cycle, showing great demand and possibly even manifesting itself as aggression.
On the other hand, a longitudinal study by Ragland and Brand (1988) also found that, as Friedman’s type A patients dictate, they were more likely to have coronary artery disease.
People with type B behaviors tend to be more emotional, patient and more thoughtful, manifesting themselves less anxiety, more creativity and imagination. They are generally not competitive.
In contrast, the type C behavior models they usually do not easily express their emotions, Omit feelings, especially negative feelings, such as anger. They can be extremely kind, to avoid conflict, respect for social rules and patience.
The incidence of coronary heart disease
The main problem with type A and type B is the diagnosis of coronary heart disease. Some research (e.g. Johnston, 1993) they focused on hostility, Argue that this type of behavior is an important factor leading to coronary heart disease.
The Type C personality is characterized by people who tend to put aside their feelings and suppress their emotions rather than confronting themselves and seeking solutions. Showing greater susceptibility or behaviors or personalities associated with certain pathologies such as asthma, colds or cancer.
Dr. Gianaros, associate professor in the clinical and biological psychology and health programs in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pittsburgh, studies the mind-body connection and how psychological and social factors affect the physical level. In 2017 in the journal Biological Psychiatry, he published a study on the subject.
In his study, he used a combination of psychophysiological methods combined with brain imaging to determine neuronal correlations to cardiovascular stress responses, stressful situations, depression, anger, rage, etc.
In this study, Dr. Gianaros intended to analyze neural responses caused by psychological stress and emotional regulation, And establish the possible relationship between the levels of preclinical atherosclerosis, heart attacks and strokes are the effect of progressive deterioration of blood vessels by plaque build-up in the arteries or atherosclerosis, which over time over time, reduces blood flow and can cause serious problems such as stroke and death.
After these studies and other evidence, we see how ongoing negative emotions and the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease correlate positively, perhaps by increasing the levels of inflammatory chemicals that originate in the body. Today, we are continuing research from the University of Pittsburgh, which is studying the relationship of specific neural circuits underlying this development, as well as the regulation of negative emotions linked to pathologies like atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Gianaros believes these findings show that the same areas of the brain used to regulate emotions also regulate inflammatory responses, producing increased brain activity and the course of emotional regulation.
Vital attitude matters a lot
Optimism, mindfulness in laughter and relaxation and meditation techniques, rich social connections, and coping strategies in the face of stress can help reduce the risk of heart disease and other conditions.
Daily practices of laughter, mindful meditation, equanimity, and maintaining strong social bonds can be part of a brain-based prevention strategy and the body which will improve long-term psychological and physical well-being.
It would be interesting to maintain these studies not only in behavioral behavior type A, but also in B and C.
And remember, you are the creator of your mind!