One of the best-known branches of psychology is the Psychology of individual differences, Also known as differential psychology.
This is responsible for investigating the psychological differences that exist between individuals and, sometimes, how these relate to other individual characteristics of a non-psychological type. In other words, this allows us to distinguish the types of people deal with different characteristics of their body or behavior.
However, throughout the history of this psychological field, different criteria have been created to classify different types of people. In fact, there is not a single model or personality test, but several, which are used depending on the desired objective. For example, there is the 16 FP, the model of the 5 major personality traits, and so on.
The main types of people
In this article, we’ll take a look at the main types of people. defined by several of the most widely used personality dimensions. This means that each category of which a part of these types of people can live inside oneself in certain quantities, although one of them stands out more than the others, according to each case.
This type of person is defined by the constant need to search for sources of activation by interaction with the environment. In practice, this means that extroverted people enjoy the company of others, as dialogue (verbal or non-verbal) is a source of constant stimuli. Likewise, they tend to prefer to move to stay in one place.
Although often confused, introverts aren’t technically shy people, although quite often both are. What defines introverts is that they do not need to be constantly exposed to external stimuli, And that if these are very intense or prolonged in time, they tend to cause them discomfort earlier than the others.
Introverts live turned upside down towards their mental life, their imaginations and their memories, that is, towards actions that can only be performed by mental processes that do not produce muscle movements.
3. Emotionally stable
This is one of the types of people with a greater ability to deal with difficult or stressful times, such as this type of experience. they do not have such a noticeable impact on the way they think, feel and act. However, that doesn’t mean that they necessarily have to be happy. In fact, in some cases, they may appear to be the exact opposite and exhibit emotional flattening.
While nowadays it seems that the word ‘rebel’ is only used in advertising campaigns and marketing strategies, it is also part of one of the most widely used personality measuring instruments: the Cattell 16PF. This type of person tends to be more receptive to shocking and innovative ways of thinking and doing, And shows much less respect for authority than others.
The Conservatives are also making an appearance in the 16PF, and are the antithesis of the rebels. They tend to take it for granted customs and ways of doing things that have been practiced for a long time and beware of the news.
Cyclothymia is a concept used to refer to high affectivity and high sensitivity in general. Such people they are able to experience the most intense emotions of the most everyday and insignificant experiences. For example, they can cry with some ease when they remember a movie.
These people are the opposite side of cyclothymic and experience very weak emotions. In addition, they show a tendency towards isolation, among other things because informal interaction with others does not give them as much sense of well-being.
This is a characteristic which, when very extreme, is linked to schizophrenia, although it is not in all cases necessary to produce the transition to this disease.
Intelligent people are characterized by the ability to see things from a distance that allows them to discover alternative explanations of what is going on and what can happen. This way, they will not think from a mental frame that comes to them from other people, But they are building their own.
The naive are the complete opposite of cunning. They are much more confident and they take for granted the ideas and proposals of others, Think from this kind of discourse imposed from the outside. This makes them able to be manipulated with relative ease, or they may even apologize for what is not their fault. They are also susceptible to a type of deception called gaslighting.
Obsessive people tend to get stuck in loops of thought that they have a hard time breaking out of, a phenomenon known as rumination. For this reason it is more difficult for them to make decisions and put their proposals into practice, Or they become stagnant due to analysis paralysis.
Hostile people feel anger more easily than others, and their frustration tolerance tends to be low. Therefore, they are particularly prone to create conflicting situations and to express their disagreement with the opinions, intentions or attitudes of others. This is a generally elevated personality trait in people with disorders such as Intermittent Explosive Disorder, although it is a clearly pathological category.
It is one of the types of people who they could be related to pessimism, Although they are not exactly the same. Cynics tend to think that others have quiet motives that they want to hide, but without falling into the extreme of persecution mania, as they are not at the center of a specific narrative about what is going on. around them.
Neuroticism is a broad concept that brings together several psychological characteristics related to emotions and the way in which stress is experienced, some of which are already represented in other dimensions of the personality. Specifically, neurotics are those who have a low tolerance for frustration, experience anger easily, are prone to depressive states and anxiety, change moods easily, and often experience unpleasant emotions such as fear.