What is responsibility as a personality trait?

Responsibility as a personality trait is undoubtedly an extremely useful trait. to enjoy a functional, organized and unplanned life. It is linked to having a long life and enjoying great professional success.

Below, we will dig deeper into this personality trait, go into detail about the facets that make it up and see how it develops throughout the life of individuals.

    What is responsibility as a personality trait?

    Responsibility is one of the five great personality traits of the Five Factors or Big Five model, by Paul Costa and Robert McCrae. This dimension refers to the ability to control aspects such as impulses, self-discipline and great organizational capacity. It also includes all the behaviors related to achieving a goal, in addition to thinking short and long term, following the rules or setting priorities.

    People who score high in this dimension they are generally hardworking, reliable and punctual, in addition to having a great tendency to order. They also have a great sense of duty and usually don’t break the rules.

    However, very high scores in this dimension may rub off on psychopathology. The person may have serious problems worrying about certain aspects in addition to pursuing perfectionism or becoming obsessed. They can be seen as extremely rigid and intolerant of the unexpected. They are not allowed to leave even an inch of the preset script by themselves.

    At the other end of this same dimension, people with a low accountability score tend to be impulsive and spontaneous, With a lesser degree of concern for reaching or achieving goals, in addition to being more relaxed. They have a hard time motivating themselves to focus on achieving a certain goal. They are less likely to delay gratification, which means they should be rewarded immediately for something they have done.

    Facets of this functionality

    As with the other dimensions proposed in the model of the five major personality traits, the dimension of responsibility has six facets, which are as follows:

    1. Competition

    It is the belief to be considered as self-effective, that is to say, be able to adequately meet the objectives set or the skills to be exercised.

    2. Order

    It refers to the ability to organize oneself, both in terms of physical space and in one’s own personal agenda (ex: organizing one’s studies, having a clean room …)

    3. Sense of duty

    This is the importance that the person gives comply with moral obligations and follow the rules.

    4. Need for success

    It is the need to have a high score to achieve the goals and endow life with direction and purpose.

    5. Self-regulation

    This refers to the ability to start a task, do it to the end without leaving it halfwayEither out of boredom or through distraction that one may come across in the process.

    6. Deliberation

    It is the facet of the personality that would be the most responsible avoid acting on impulse. It is the ability to think carefully about things before doing them and see what consequences may be associated with them.

    Responsibility throughout development

    People, whether due to genetic or environmental factors, have different degrees of personality. This, like other personality traits, is because humans exhibit individual differences. No one is alike in terms of personality.

    But on top of that, no one is also responsible for the rest of their life. In other words, there are significant intrapersonal differences in this dimension. We have seen that growing up, he changes his meticulousness and hard work. While personality traits are a relatively stable thing throughout an individual’s life, responsibility is the least stable of all.

    Responsibility is a fairly marked characteristic in adults compared to younger ones who, as a rule, have a low degree of self-control and generally seek immediate satisfaction. People gradually become more responsible as we grow older, with 60 being the end point of this increase.

    Note that these increments vary depending on the age of the subject. The onset of adulthood is the most critical point in personality development and it is surely the time when most changes in the way a person is.

    In late childhood and adolescence, it seems people are less responsibleAnd even, at these ages, they become a little less responsible than before. This is easily understood by looking at the academic performance of many teens in high school and comparing them to their grades in school. It usually goes down, which is usually due to them becoming more carefree. We have also seen that from the age of 60, there is a slight decrease in this dimension.

      Responsibility and professional success

      We have seen that responsibility is the dimension that could solidly explain professional success, in addition to being linked to good academic performance, whether or not one has good cognitive abilities.

      the responsibility it is the dimension most linked to success in any profession. It stands out from other dimensions. For example, having a high extroversion and cordiality can be helpful in occupations that require social skills, such as being a receptionist in a hotel, while in others, such as in the military, it is not an advantage. What the two professions have in common is that having high responsibility helps to preserve them.

      People with high scores on the responsibility dimension tend to be more organized and hardworking, which are very useful aspects in any work setting. Additionally, being more reliable, their bosses tend to give them more priority when performing tasks, while still allowing them to show their best effort and potentially deserve raises and promotions.

      On the other hand, people those who score low in this dimension run the risk of postponing work, In addition to presenting an inferior performance. They also tend to be less motivated to complete tasks. These are people who, being more spontaneous and carefree, may end up doing their homework later than they should. They tend to neglect things, which puts their workplace at risk.

      What does this have to do with health?

      Responsibility not only predicts good performance at work. This dimension has been associated with increased longevity. This can be explained by the very way of being responsible people, who generally have little tendency to adopt self-destructive behaviors.

      Having high scores on this trait is usually linked to maintaining good health habits., Like playing sports, going to bed at the right time, not using drugs, avoiding tobacco and alcohol, in addition to having an organized lifestyle. Thus, being organized and tidy avoids the last minute unforeseen events, which can be the source of a lot of stress and problems to manage.

      As they are respectful people, as a rule, with the rules and laws, they generally see themselves little involved in situations of violence and do not commit crimes. This way, potentially dangerous situations, like being attacked by other criminals or having a tense situation with the police, are avoided. They also avoid unnecessary risks, such as unprotected sex.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Costa, PT and McCrae, RR (1992). NEO PI-R Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
      • Friedman, HS, Kern, ML, Hampson, SE and Duckworth, AL (2014). A New Approach from Life to Consciousness and Health: Combining the Pieces of the Causal Puzzle. Developmental Psychology, 50 (5), 1377–1389. doi: 10.1037 / a0030373
      • Kern, ML, Friedman, HS, Martin, LR, Reynolds, CA and Luong, G. (2009). Awareness, Professional Success and Longevity: A Shelf Life Analysis. Annals of Behavioral Medicine: A publication of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, 37 (2), 154-163. doi: 10.1007 / s12160-009-9095-6.
      • Mike, A., Harris, K., Roberts, BW & Jackson, JJ (2015). Consciousness. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (second edition). 658-665.
      • Ozer, DJ and Benet-Martínez, V. (2006). Personality and consistent outcome prediction. Annual Journal of Psychology, 57, 401-421.
      • Roberts, BW, Walton, KE and Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the lifespan: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 1-25.
      • Soto, CJ, Kronauer, A. and Liang, JK (2016). Five-factor personality model. In SK Whitbourne (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging (Vol. 2, pp. 506-510). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

      Leave a Comment