Psychology deals with the complexity of human beings, their behavior and their mental processes.
Among the various facets of the study of this science are the so-called psychological phenomena. What are the most common psychological phenomena? In this article we will find out.
10 psychological phenomena worth explaining
Our brains work in a somewhat amazing way sometimes. we have collected 10 psychological phenomena you may not know and that you might be interested in knowing.
1. Cognitive dissonance
This means that when we have two conflicting thoughts or beliefs, or we make decisions and behave differently from what we think, we will feel bad or have anxiety or discomfort. When we become aware of such discomfort or tension, people subconsciously tend to regain balance to reduce the dissonance. Then we can behave or argue for the decision we made, to give ourselves peace of mind and convince ourselves that we have done the right thing.
Let’s take an example: a soldier has to go to war but thinks it is not right to kill another human being. If he killed someone, he can claim that he did it to defend the homeland. Another example is a smoker who knows that smoking hurts and increases the chances of getting cancer and other illnesses. Advertising and campaigns banning smoking in public places increase internal tensions and contradictions. We know that smoking kills, but we prefer to deny it. There are people who would say, “something has to die”, “the doctor told me my lungs are perfect”, “I control it”, etc., and so we reduce the stress.
2. Hallucinations are common
One third of people say they have hallucinations at some point in their life. Likewise, ordinary people often have paranoid thoughts. The brain does this to fill in the information gap. The problem is, this happens very often, as it can be an alarm problem in certain areas of the brain. We know that when schizophrenics have hallucinations, it is because the region which would be responsible for sending the message is indeed activated. The sound, images or smells they perceive really exist for them, although there is no stimulus that triggers them.
3. The Placebo effect
it happens when the subject believes that a drug or drug is having an effect on them, even if the effect has no physiological basis. Examples of placebo are many products with “magic and miracle effects” sold in pharmacies, energy bracelets, etc.
The researchers found curiosities such as:
- The bigger the pills, the more they heal
- They cure two pills more than one
- Bruises heal more than reds
- Placebos in pills cure more than some pills
- Injections cure more than pills
- There are also placebo tests: x-rays, scanners …
4. Obedience to authority
Many studies show how those in power can control our behavior and get us to do things we don’t want to do. In Stanley Milgram’s famous study, 63% of participants continued to give electric shocks to another human just because someone in authority told them to do so.
5. Elections triggered by emotions
We are not very good at making decisions or understanding why we make those choices. As the science communicator says Eduard Punset“We have been taught to be very logical and reasonable in making decisions, but it turns out that there is not a single reasonable decision that is not marred by emotion. There is no plan. which does not start with an emotion. And there is no project which does not end with an emotion ”.
In addition, when we make a decision, even if the decision is not a good one, we tend to streamline why this decision is the best option. Emotional marketing is responsible for gathering this knowledge and applying it to seduce our emotions and get us to buy a particular product.
6. Fantasy reduces motivation
Thinking that we have been successful in the past can reduce our motivation. Furthermore, we could validate the argument that thinking about success definitely leads us to create the conditions for this to happen, but in reality it is rather counterproductive.
7. Brainstorming doesn’t work
As the studies of B. Nijstad (2006) have shown, group thinking reduces the power of reflectionBecause as a group people are lazier and care more about what other people think. It is better to think only when it comes to creating ideas.
- In this article, we explain at length why brainstorming doesn’t work.
8. We must not suppress thoughts
By holding back your thoughts, you think about them even more. It is one of the strategies most used by people who suffer from it Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, And most assume that this tactic rarely helped them.
9. We can train multitasking
Usually, multitasking reduces efficiency because we have to allocate different cognitive resources to different tasks simultaneously. But recent studies show that one can learn to multitask. You just need to practice.
10. It’s the little things that count
We think it’s the big events in our life that change us or make us happy, but in reality it’s the little things that add up and make us who we are.
a sin the alchemistaWe must be aware that the life course must be evaluated by itself, in each of its circumstances, regardless of the achievement of the successes to which we aspire.