The human mind is a complex reality. Psychology was born to study this reality, as well as the different elements and processes that allow us to be who and how we are.
However, there are different physical and mental phenomena that still remain a mystery for this discipline today. This is why we present to you below 12 phenomena that psychology cannot answer today.
A dozen phenomena still unsolved by psychology
Below we present to you certain problems which for the moment could not be explained by psychologyMany of them are being researched by different professionals.
1. What is it that produces our self-awareness and our subjectivity?
The knowledge of being oneself, of having one’s own consciousness and identity and independent of other stimuli around us, is a phenomenon well known and studied by sciences like psychology.
however, we do not know what it produces or from what concrete structures this self-knowledge is born, Which we share with other species such as crows, some primates or dolphins.
2. What happens to our minds when we die?
Death is and always has been one of the great mysteries that human beings have tried to tell from different angles.. We know that at the time of death, the nervous system, along with other systems in the body, ceases to function. However, we are still unaware of the mental processes that take place during the last moments of life.
While the brain function of a dying individual can be explored by neuroimaging, we will only observe the physiological correlate of the processes being followed. This aspect can also be worked on from subjects having near death experiences or who were clinically dead for brief moments before being resuscitated.
3. Is it possible to create a machine consciously?
The research and creation of artificial intelligence is an element that has always aroused great interest, both literary and scientific. Today we know that it is possible to make a machine learn certain lessons from acquiring specific observational patterns, but it is not known whether it is possible to create something that is conscious. self.
It is possible that we are programming something because we seem to be aware of it, but are in fact limited to performing pre-programmed actions.
4. Can our mind be transferred to another body?
It may sound like science fiction, however there are currently projects underway that raise the possibility of shifting a person’s mind to artificial bodies that they should not fear aging or disease. While the first step is to transplant a brain into an artificial body, it is expected that in the long run it can transmit the mind and personality of an individual or a brain that is also artificial or even on the Web.
However, is this possible? And even if it worked, would it be the same spirit transported to another body or would the first die and create a second with the same memories and tastes, as if it were a clone?
5. What is the origin of Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease, one of the most common and growing causes of dementia, is among the obstacles that science has yet to tackle. Although it is known roughly how the disease works and the multiple factors that predispose it, it is not yet clear (although genetic causes are suspected) why it occurs. In fact, so far all attempts to develop drugs that kill the amyloid plaques that appear in the brain under the effects of this disease have failed.
Knowing its exact origin could allow you to work on a solution to this disease.. It is a serious problem that psychology, neuropsychology and medicine are trying to solve.
6. How can the mind affect the body?
Today, most people know what the placebo effect is, whereby a sick person can improve in certain aspects thanks to the belief that taking a product or exercising an activity them. will help to improve. It is essentially a suggestive phenomenon that causes the brain to generate internal changes through the release of hormones.
In addition, the mental state of an individual can strongly alter his immune system and cause it to worsen or strengthen in order to fight against various problems, such as depression or anxiety and certain problems (ulcers, virus or even cancer). It all makes us wonder where the limits are. It is clear that having a positive mindset will not cure a serious illness, but how much can the mind affect the body and how can it be stimulated in order to prolong the well-being, abilities and quality of life of an individual? remains a subject of great scientific interest.
7. Is there a limit to our memory?
Throughout our lives, we constantly receive, process and store information. We know that aspects like our working memory have a certain limit when it comes to functioning with different stimuli at the same time, however, Does the same happen with the ability to store memories?
If our life expectancy increased indefinitely, would there be a time when we would not be able to record new information?
8. What causes some people to say they see other people’s aura or energy?
There are many people who claim to be able to see other people’s energy or aura. In some cases, it may be an attempt to manipulate others or even the effect of the suggestion., But in others, people have a real perception of this phenomenon.
Although the most plausible hypothesis is the presence of synesthesia, in which people’s perception may be tinged with aspects relating to other perceptual modalities or to different dimensions of the same sensory modality (for example, they perceive a color in the “ listen to a sound), is a phenomenon that has not yet been fully explained.
9. What is it that causes the brains of the so-called “super-old” not to age in the same way as the rest of the population?
The majority of the population, as they age, gradually lose their physical and mental faculties. With age, the brain begins to shrink, losing strength in its synaptic connections and causing shrinkage in abilities such as the ability to pay attention and memory. It is more difficult for us to learn and in general we are slower and less plastic.
However, although this is a very unusual condition, there are individuals whose rate of brain aging is much lower than average, To be able to have a performance similar to that of his youth. These people are called “super-old”, and to this day research continues to see what makes their brains run so high for so long.
10. How does intuition work?
Often times, we feel that we are reasonably sure about something that we normally do not have enough evidence for and which, in fact, is not following a logical or rational course. This feeling, this irrational knowledge is what we call intuition.
Although several theories have been launched which indicate that intuition is due to the unconscious perception of information present in the environment, or that it is generated by the accumulation of experiences, there is still no basis clear to indicate how this ability works.
11. Why mental disorders do they appear?
One of the most important areas of psychology is that which deals with the presence of mental problems and disorders.. The origin of these problems can have many different causes, and it is common for there to be a biological predisposition that emerges after experiencing specific situations throughout development.
However, although one can sometimes see what brought them down, the existence of elements that facilitate their appearance and others that hinder them (e.g. personality, beliefs, experience, or physiological makeup). even) and although we have many techniques and procedures to help patients recover, it is not yet entirely clear why they occur in some people and not in others.
12. How does synchronicity work?
The concept of synchronicity was created by Jung for the purpose of referring to those situations which, without having a probable causal relationship, occur concatenated as if they were related. This relationship has meaning and significance for the observer, even if it seems to be the result of chance.
For example, meeting on the street a person you had thought of moments before, or dreaming about a specific stimulus that appears randomly the next day. However, psychology has not yet been able to determine the meaning and operation of this concept.