12 professional psychology outings

Psychology is a profession of great interest today, and although many students, when deciding to pursue a career in psychology, believe that virtually all of the options for becoming a psychologist happen to be a clinical psychologist, the reality is very different. Psychology is a profession with multiple fields of application.

In this article we review the 12 most common career opportunities which can serve as a guide to focus on your professional future.

Career opportunities in psychology

And the mind is everything for people. This makes psychology a place in many disciplines. For example, education, sport or organizations.

But, What are the outcomes of psychology? What professional work can psychologists do? Below is a list of 12 career opportunities in psychology.

1. Organizational psychologist

Organizational psychology is an area of ​​application of psychology in which many young graduates find work, since there is a great demand for psychologists specializing in this field. Usually people combines the work of an organizational psychologist with that of a human resources professional, Which is not quite the case.

    The human resources department is one of the options to devote to organizational psychology, but there are others. For example, you can work in the marketing department or in market research, discovering formulas to better access the class of customers and consumers that the organization wishes to contact.

    It should also be clear that the professional profile of human resources is varied. Psychologists often fit into areas of this department such as personnel selection, training and even, in some cases, occupational risk prevention on topics such as occupational health.

    However, a human resources professional may also be involved in personnel administration (eg, payroll management), employment law, or compensation and benefits tasks. they are not precisely the domain of a psychologist.

    It is important that you know this difference so that you can steer your CV one way or another. In our article “The 10 Best Masters in Organizational and Human Resources Psychology”, you will find all the information you need to specialize in this field.

    2. Educational psychologist

    In the field of education, the figure of the psychologist also fits perfectly. And it is that, since practically its beginnings, psychology has been interested in the way in which we learn about people or in the way in which we develop ourselves.

    Behavioral science brings a lot of knowledge and a lot of tools to education, for example on how we can perform better or how we can counter the learning difficulties that some students present.

    • If you want to explore this topic further, just read our article: “Educational Psychology: Definition, Concepts and Theories”

    3. Social and community psychologist

    The social psychologist investigates and intervenes in the dimension of what is collective, The group and the relationships between people in a context. In reality, the social psychologist can perform multiple functions and can work in other areas such as organization or sport.

    However, this type of psychologist is also an expert in certain areas of action such as community intervention, gender violence, youth (Sexual orientation, drug problems, etc.) or family and minors, among others. In addition, they can work as researchers or teachers.

    4. Clinical psychologist and health psychology

    Clinical and health psychology is very popular, and in general most people associate the figure of the psychologist with this role. However, it is not the same as clinical psychology and health psychology.

    while clinical psychology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental problems (Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, paranoid disorder, etc.), the health psychologist deals with cognitive, emotional and behavioral aspects associated with health and physical illness. For example, improving the quality of life of a cancer patient.

    • To find out more: “The 10 best masters in clinical and health psychology”

    5. Sexologist

    The sex therapist is one psychology professional specializing in sexologyThus, he acquired skills and tools to improve the quality of life and the sexuality of people. Sexual problems are not treated as purely physiological phenomena, but their cognitive and emotional aspects are also taken into account in order to have a more complete view of what needs to be addressed from the intervention.

    These professionals deal with issues such as erectile dysfunction, sex education for people, or re-establishing sex life after illness, or offer advice to improve couples’ intimate lives.

    6. Psychotherapist

    Psychotherapy is a space for reflection with a psychologist in which the patient faces the problems that plague his life. In other words, the latter goes to the therapist to reflect together and find out what is happening with regard to some non-clinical issues.

    The psychotherapist uses a set of knowledge, techniques and methods to help him discover himself and initiate a process of cognitive restructuring and habits to improve his quality of life and interpersonal relationships.

    Unlike the clinical psychologist, who may work with, for example, schizophrenic patients, psychotherapists tend to deal with emotional issues, daily difficulties, or family or partner issues.

    7. Coach

    Coaching is a very popular discipline in recent decades, which is often discussed more superficial problems than those usually treated by a psychotherapist.

    In general, the work of the coach is focused on improving the quality of people’s lives through self-discovery, planning realistic goals, good communication and confrontation with limiting beliefs. In this way, people can maximize their potential not only in their daily life, but in different fields such as work, education or sport.

    However, it should be clear that while all psychologists are trained as a coach, not all coaches are trained as a psychologist and, in fact, should not be psychologists.

    8. Sports psychologist

    The profession of sports psychologist too is booming in recent decades, As athletes, coaches and managers of sports teams, have realized that in this sector psychological variables are just as important as physical, technical or tactical aspects.

    Sports psychologists mainly work on variables such as motivation, emotional management, stress, self-confidence, attention or level of activation.

    • You can read more about the roles of the sports psychologist in this article: “10 Reasons To Put A Sports Psychologist In Your Life”

    9. Forensic psychologist

    A forensic psychologist collects, analyzes and presents psychological evidence that will be taken into account in legal proceedings. Therefore, in addition to having skills as a psychologist, he also masters the concepts, rules and dynamics of the legal system in which he finds himself.

    For example, the forensic psychologist assesses the psychological state of an accused to determine whether his criminal act is the result of psychopathology; or conduct a psychological assessment of one of the parents of a minor to determine whether he or she is fit to have custody of the child. Unlike other career opportunities, in this field the interests and intentions of the person being assessed are not the most important thing to consider.

      10. Neuropsychologist

      Neuropsychology is a specialization that lies between neurology and psychology, so it deals with the study of mental processes and brain function when changed.

      One could say that it is useful, for example, to know the scope and treatment of brain injuries, deformities, dysfunctions and diseases that affect the functioning of the nervous system.

      These psychologists play their role in academic, clinical and research circles and are present in neuropsychological rehabilitation programs. In addition, they can apply psychotherapeutic techniques and rehabilitation procedures so that the patient returns to his normal level of functioning after illness or injury or, in certain situations, to enjoy a correct quality of life.

      11. Researcher

      Psychologists can also work in the field of research in different fields related to psychology, Whether clinical psychology, social psychology or sports psychology.

      One of the advantages of this professional field is the incredible variety of topics that can be addressed from research in psychology: personal relationships, cognitive biases, decision making, differences in personality and intelligence of individuals, effects of teaching methods. .. and the list goes on, because everything about human behavior and mental processes is practically inaccessible.

      In addition, there are different research methods depending on each person’s preferred approaches and topics. For example, there is the qualitative approach, largely based on in situ interviews and observations, and the quantitative approach, which is based on the conversion of observed behaviors into numbers and categories defined from the start. Beyond this classification of types of research in psychology, there are other criteria for differentiation, such as experimental research and research based on correlations of data.

        12. Teacher

        Psychologists too they can work as teachers in a variety of contexts. Some may opt for college training and others, on the other hand, may take training in coaching, mindfulness, or stress management classes.

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