Are men more aggressive than women?

Psychology and criminology have sought to determine which psychological variables are linked to crime.

In this way, we know, among other data, that young people commit more crimes than adults and men more than women. Does this mean that men are more aggressive than women?

  • Related article: “The Neurological Basis of Aggressive Behavior”

Is aggression greater in men?

Female delinquency is a forgotten field of study. Likewise, for some time it has been argued that women, in the commission of crimes, adopt a passive role: accomplice or camouflage.

However, social progress and the promotion of women in society have changed this view of things, and today we see that in prisons there are more and more women, even if it is true that, despite the ‘increase, nine out of ten inmates are men.

    Crime and gender differences

    We now know that crime is much higher for men than for women, but crimes committed by women have continued to increase. like that, we know that crimes committed by women are less violent, But which are more and more common and engaged by young women (data concluded by the Fontanesi report of the Council of Europe).

    With all this data, one wonders if it is true that the man is more aggressive and therefore commits more crimes, or if the woman has been socialized differently, has had fewer opportunities to openly offend and he is more influenced by gender expectations which made it more difficult for him to commit criminal acts and if, therefore, by changing this image of gender differences, the woman equates the man with aggression and delinquency.

      Innate or educational differences?

      It is not an easy problem to solve, but research indicates that it is given a conjunction of biological and psychosocial aspects which explain why humans tend to develop more violent behaviors.

      Psychosocial aspects of the aggression difference

      On the one hand, we can observe and it has been found that men have more frequent behavioral and aggression problems in childhood, greater exploratory behavior, and they play more abrupt activities.

      However, in cultures where the differences in the way boys and girls are educated are small, there are smaller differences in the rate of sexual crime. In addition, as we have mentioned, in Western countries the crime rate of women has increased.

      On the other hand, boys in childhood tend to relate to larger groups in number of people, so more leadership issues arise than in girl groups, which tend to be smaller.

      In addition, it should not be forgotten that women have been more socialized to value different qualities of social life, such as honesty and prudence, a factor inhibiting criminal behavior. this perspective this tells us the importance of socialization when it comes to developing aggressive behaviors in men and inhibiting behaviors in women.

      Biological and genetic factors

      From a biological point of view, it must be taken into account that men have higher testosterone levelsThis precipitates aggression and lowers estrogen levels, which leads to less aggression. The first hormonal influences in the gestation period masculinize or feminize the brain, conditioning the brain structures, the concentration of hormones and receptors.

      Partly because of this, the intensity of responses to certain stimuli is different in girls than in boys, generally reacting more aggressively to boys on multiple occasions. This masculinization or feminization process is activated again during puberty, Present men more receptive to testosterone, to which, if certain difficulties or stress are added, this can result in violence.

      Therefore, despite the existence of various theories and aspects to explain this reality, it seems to clarify the fact that there is a biological influence that makes man more vulnerable to the development of violence, And a conjunction of psychosocial influences that encourage or inhibit its development.

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