Emotions are perhaps one of those personality spheres that we rarely appreciate and in Western culture are often still considered to be a kind. irrational: Simple bursts of our animality that distance us from the ideal of logical men, almost machines.
While it is also very true that this vision is no longer as strong as it was during the Enlightenment, the truth is that it continues to exist and continues to permeate a dualistic vision which separates reason from “heart”, Or rather emotions.
Two essential concepts: positive psychology and emotional intelligence
This conception of the human person, which is more the domain of philosophical study and discussion, has had repercussions beyond mere theory. Indeed, at the time, the enlightened vision led to important political and social changes attested in any history book and with them an enormous scientific and industrial advance which, in a few decades, progressed by step. by leaps and bounds and the benefits and consequences that we still experience today.
One need only observe the ever-fast and moving life in any large city, especially in industrialized countries; the need for efficiency and effectiveness as well as success on both a personal and social level, the transformation of social relations of new technologies and social networks where a deep reflection does not have more than 140 characters and does not last longer from “ a few hours to what a lot or where a person’s view changes depending on their Facebook status; the need to overcome separativeness by entering the game of the amorous supply and demand market more based on sentimentality and, unfortunately, sex appeal; the change in the way we understand the term traditional equality which has made the Christian worldview one where equality is no longer equal in nature, but with inherent differences that have made us different and sought after unity, but where equality is, it has become synonymous with identity.
Many authors have studied and written on the consequences of contemporary society: Frankl, Fromm, Goleman, among others.
“To know itself”
However, faced with this reality facing the world in which we live, Psychology has chosen to return, in fact, to a very basic principle: Get to know yourself. As old as the oracle of delphi from where says the legend which was born and still important because the man is always the same beyond the change of his social and historical circumstances. This old and always new proverb has been translated today into what is called emotional intelligence which could be broadly defined as “the ability or the capacity to know how to perceive, understand and manage one’s own emotions”.[(/inteligencia-emocional-y-psicologia-positiva-una-mirada-filosofica/].
Emotions are therefore not conceived as something extrinsic to the being of the human person, but as an integral part of the whole capable of entering the domain of reason. and, therefore, to be channeled for the good of the person and of society. This means that emotions are not enemies to be oppressed or controlled, but rather a means to develop, to be able to be trained and apprehended so that the person can use them to their full potential not only through a healthier and more life. harmonious, but also the ability to face the adversities that result from it.
The road to emotional intelligence
Getting the best out of human beings is perhaps one of the most laudable and noble things psychology does today. Since psychological science began to take shape as such, there has always been a special emphasis on what was wrong with human beings: mental disorders, the unconscious and the Freudian theory. The view we still have of psychology remains that of a sort of madman in many places and sort of promoted by the mass media.
Emotional intelligence is just one of these new trends in which the approach, without forgetting also the weak side of the Man, leans more on what we do well in fact: The positive valuation of the emotions, the search for happiness and its realization, love, the forces and virtues, being able to achieve set goals are some of the new areas that psychology wants to help human beings.
Positive psychology: the basics to be perfectible
This new approach is what we call it Positive psychology. It is not only a question of accusing man of a fatalistic determinism (psychoanalysis and classical behavioralism), but of seeing him as a to be perfectible, Always open to improvement and, above all, not as a sick being to diagnose.
It is perhaps one of the most indispensable things of this century filled with noise, ever-changing information, social and electronic networks, and a market eager to have professionals who fit into their mussels on the one hand, and consumers on the other. increasingly perishable items.
What emotional intelligence and positive psychology give to the world is the ability to be a person: Not to lose myself in front of everything that surrounds me (reification) and, above all, to give myself the tools to be able to live fully.
- Coon, D. and Mitterer, J. (2010) Introduction to Psychology: Access to Mind and Behavior. Mexico: Cengage apprenticeship
- Fromm, E. (2000) The art of loving. Mexico: Paidós
- Goleman, D. (1995) Emotional Intelligence. Mexico: Javier Vergara Editor
- Pretelín, F. (2012) Twitter Referendum. Mexico: Coyoacán
- Rojas, E. (1992) The Light Man, a life without values. Mexico: Booke
https://www.youtube.com/watch? v = WcZrUtDYqb8 & index = …
- [i] Fromm, E. (2000) The art of loving. Mexico: Paidós, p. 19
- [ii] Cf. De E. Due. Cit., P. 24-25