Emotional stability: what it is and how to improve and develop it in yourself

Emotional stability is related to the ability to regulate our feelings, which helps us better manage different situations, maintaining a good balance in our emotions.

On the other hand, although it has been observed that there may be a genetic predisposition to have more or less emotional stability, we can work through habits and routines to increase this capacity.

In this article, we will explore the concept of emotional stability.what are their psychological benefits and how to improve this ability.

    What is emotional stability?

    Emotional stability is a trait that some people need to be able to confront and manage their emotions favorably. Negative emotions can always arise, but some people are very good at managing them in order to reduce their impact and prevent them from becoming a problem.

    In this way, subjects with this ability will be able to overcome and deal with stressful situations or problems without having an excessive impact on them. On the other hand, by not being anchored in negative emotions, they are able to see the situation in a positive light, are less likely to develop a pathology, and therefore live happier lives.

    The concept of emotional stability is present in different fields of psychology, recognizing above all the personality model of the big five or Big Five; there are 5 personality traits with their opposites, in the case of emotional stability the opposite is neuroticism, with characteristics such as anxiety, hostility, depression or impulsiveness.

      The importance of being emotionally stable

      Emotional stability it is a key feature to achieve a functional and controlled life. As we have seen, one of the traits is impulsiveness, in this way neurotic or unstable subjects will respond hastily and may act incorrectly.

      We will say that an emotionally stable subject is characterized by a tendency to remain neutral. So, in the same way that she is able to control negative emotions and they don’t affect her intensely, she doesn’t express a lot of positive emotions. They are calm and calm subjects.

      Remember that in the end nothing is good, so constantly feeling very intense positive emotions can be harmful, because with a very high probability can turn to the negative pole, this pattern is characteristic of subjects with bipolar disorder . Other people who show emotional instability as a common trait are people with borderline personality disorder.

      In this way, One of the main effects or consequences of the presentation or lack of emotional stability is the ability to cope appropriately with events.. Unstable subjects interpret the situation in a negative way, they notice the evil, thus generating more stress, anxiety or frustration, they can be paralyzed and unable to mobilize to resolve the conflict.

      On the contrary, emotional stability gives the person a greater ability to perceive the situation positively and thus be more motivated to act and change things. We see how emotional stability can be considered as a protective factor in the development of pathologies.

        The causes of emotional instability

        As for the other conditions, the presence of emotional instability shows a genetic tendency, that is to say related to biological factors and the influence of the environment (or specific variables of a situation). These can be: changes in biological rhythms, such as waves, brain activity or changes in metabolism; trouble concentrating or sleeping (insomnia); type of upbringing or education; for example, a direct relationship between overprotection and lower emotional stability has been observed.

        Other variables that can influence: pregnancy, unhealthy or disorganized lifestyles, not sleeping the right hours, not eating the right amounts or eating late or consuming toxic substances.

          Symptoms of emotional instability

          There are no symptoms or signs of emotional stability, but there are characteristics, behaviors or behaviors that are most commonly associated with this disorder, indicating with high probability its presence. Let’s see what they are.

          • feel sad

          • Excessive positive feelings

          • Frustration intolerance

          • Loss of consistency

          • Difficulty thinking

          • We are constantly influenced by the problem

          • Related article: “Stress at work: causes and how to fight it”

          How to work on emotional stability

          As you know, emotional stability shows a genetic predisposition, which means people are more likely to develop it, but That doesn’t mean you can’t work and train to get a better level..

          Here are some strategies and techniques that can be useful to increase our emotional stability, we will see that many are linked to a healthy lifestyle and healthy habits.

          1. Take your time

          Sometimes we don’t feel well, we are irritable, in a bad mood, but we can’t find the reason. The best way to know the reason for our condition, because there are things that affect us, is get to know each other and the best way to do that is to spend some time. Having moments to be alone is good, it allows us to reflect and know how we are doing and what are the causes of this state, which makes it much easier to know how to act and deal with the situation.

          Likewise, you don’t have to feel bad to hang out. Knowing each other will also help us deal with any problems or difficult events that may arise in the future.

            2. Appreciate the positive things that happen to you

            As we said, people with emotional instability tend to focus and focus only on the negative, thus affecting the ability to solve the problem or overcome the situation. It is normal that after a negative event we feel bad, but we cannot remain anchored in this feeling, in bad thoughts.

            Take your time, but don’t be passive and look for ways out of this situation.. Maintaining social contact with the people who love us and love us helps us to be distracted, to feel supported and to be able to express our feelings.

            3. Establish a healthy routine

            Maintaining a healthy routine, both for sleeping and eating, already helps regulate our body feel better not only physically but also mentally. It is recommended to sleep at least 7 hours a day and to have a varied diet, which provides us with all the nutrients. Fatigue or bad mood can be linked to bad habits, we must not forget to meet basic needs.

            4. Exercise

            Doing sports helps us disconnect, to forget about our worries for a while while helping us to feel better physically. Exercise is linked to the increase of endorphins, a neurotransmitter whose function is to decrease the sensation of pain, which makes us feel better.

            The wide variety of sports that exist makes it possible to adapt to everyone’s needs and tastes. It is not necessary to practice them intensely, it is better to do them continuously, thus becoming part of our aforementioned healthy routine.

            5. Accept that it is impossible to control everything

            One way to reduce frustration or not focus on the bad is to be aware of it. we cannot control everything and there are situations or facts that do not depend on us. For this reason we will not give it more importance than they have, if there is nothing we can do to change it we must not fall into the trap of wanting to control it.

            6. Do not be guided only by your emotions

            Emotions, positive and negative, are necessary and help us to know how we are and how we are, but we must not let ourselves be guided and make decisions only by valuing emotions; it is also necessary to take into account our rational part, to see the facts, the events in a more objective way, to be able to evaluate what is the best alternative for us, now and in the future, and to take into account the consequences that this can lead to.

            Also, acting more rationally helps to control our emotions and reduce our impulsiveness. We take the approach made above, the extremes are not good, so being very rational or very emotional is not positive, you have to find the right balance.

            Bibliographic references

            • Gracia, E., Vidal, N. and Martines, V. (2016) Analysis of the characteristics of emotional stability in men and women. Psychological.
            • Hill, P. and Argyle, M. (2001) Emotional stability as a major dimension of happiness. Personality and individual differences.
            • Li, Y. and Ahlstrom, D. (2016) Emotional stability: a new construct and its implications for individual behavior in organizations. Asia-Pacific Journal of Management.

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