the self-confidence (Self-confidence) is necessary for you to achieve the goals you have set for yourself and is essential for your well-being as it is closely related to self-esteem.
People who have confidence in themselves manage to develop their life projects or their professional projects, because they are individuals who know how to take certain risks, make difficult decisions and are very resilient, that is to say they know how to overcome negative situations that can arise throughout their life.
Self-confidence and self-esteem are not the same
A lot of people think that self-confidence and self-esteem are the same. But even if the two concepts are related, they are two different terms with clearly differentiated implications.
Self-confidence or self-confidence is appreciation of the abilities you have and focus on the beliefs you have about the ability and the ability to succeed in a given context. Whereas self-esteem is the general feeling of worth that you are as a whole and refers to the appreciation that you have for yourself.
If this difference is not clear to you, imagine a salesperson or salesperson who knows they are doing their job very well. He has no doubts about his great ability to woo customers and knows that he has the gift of people that not everyone has. Thanks to this, he does his job perfectly, so he has full confidence in himself when performing this task.
However, this person has low self-esteem because when he comes home after a long day at work he thinks, “I don’t have a partner and I don’t have enough money to buy a house. . a failure. ”As you can see, he is confident and knows that he is a great salesperson. However, she is not comfortable with herself, and it does not matter if this assessment that she is making is correct or not, the general image she has of herself is negative.
Self-confidence: the theory of self-efficacy
One of the great theorists of self-confidence is Albert Bandura, who formulated his theory of self-efficacy (which basically means something very similar to self-confidence) as part of his theory. of learning.
His research on human social learning has enabled him to identify other cognitive components that facilitate the process of change and influence the formation of intentions and motivational self-regulation. One of these components is perceived self-efficacy or perceived self-confidence.
Bandura says this the development of self-confidence consists of four elements:
- Execution success: Past experiences are the most important source of information about self-confidence, as they allow you to verify the royal domain.
- Experience or observation by proxy: Refers to modeling, i.e. seeing (or imagining) other people successfully performing certain activities
Verbal Persuasion: Verbal persuasion is important, especially in people who already trust themselves and need a little more confidence to go the extra mile and be successful.
- Physiological state of the individual: Individuals often interpret high anxiety states as signs of weakness or poor performance. Conversely, humor or positive emotional states will also have an impact on how one interprets experiences.
How to improve self-confidence?
But, What steps can you take to improve your self-confidence? Here is a list of 6 steps to improve your self-confidence:
1. Experience situations in a positive way
As you have seen, for Bandura verbal persuasion is a very important element in the development of self-confidence. Therefore, I know it’s positive even though you’re going through a time when you feel like things aren’t going the way you want them to. Stop focusing on problems and focus your energy on positive solutions and changes.
Low self-confidence is often associated with thoughts of failure and negative thoughts that exist between you and your goals. If you constantly tell yourself that you are falling short, the only thing you will get is “self-fulfilling prophecy.” So even in unpleasant times, self-motivate.
2. Be prepared
It might happen, for example, that you have to make a presentation at the university and find that you don’t have enough confidence in yourself. In such cases, what really works is preparing your presentation well so that, when the day comes, you are fully confident in your possibilities..
Another example could be that you have started working in front of the audience and as part of your job you have to give a welcome speech to clients. Since you have never done this type of task before, you may not be fully confident in yourself. In this case, you can prepare the speech well and thus you will feel comfortable and safe in front of the clients.
Whatever is on your to-do list, being well prepared and being in control of what you do increases your self-confidence.
3. Make a list of what you have already accomplished and remember it.
As in the first point, difficult times can make you doubt and lose your self-confidence.
And life is full of changes, and sometimes it’s hard to keep up. In such cases, it is ideal to have a list of what has been achieved so far in relation to the goal you have, because visualizing your progress can help motivate you in difficult times.
4. Take action
The engine of self-confidence is action: If you dare to act, you gain self-confidence. Bandura, in his Theory of Self-Efficacy, tells us about “execution successes”, meaning that experiences are the most important source of information about self-confidence.
Before you even act, you may already be visualizing failure. So remember: if you don’t take action, you lose 100% of your chance of getting what you want.
5. Accept any past failures
What if you take action and feel bad? So good, execution successes are our self-perception of our victories and failures. By perception, I mean your assessment of the events that have occurred. If it has gone badly, you have to accept it and also see the small successes, which are sure to be there even in the failures.
Self-confidence only develops if we manage to overcome the obstacles we set for ourselves: on the one hand, resignation (which has to do with action), and on the other hand, criticism. Viewing success as the sum of our failures can help us gain self-confidence.
6. Observe successful people
Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Theory states that experience or proxy observation is another key part of self-confidence. Observing or imagining other people performing certain activities successfully can positively influence your self-confidence..
This is one of the techniques used in coaching to increase client confidence, as it is useful when clients do not have much knowledge of their own abilities or have little experience in the task at hand.