The ability to think logically is not an innate mental ability. It takes years of practice, as well as growing up in a cultural context where there is a level of development that allows it. So, until several thousand years ago, hardly anyone could perceive reality from a point of view related to logic.
However, while mastering the habit of thinking logically takes some effort and some learning, living in today’s societies is essential, both personally and professionally. Basically, it is something that allows us to make the most of our intelligence and our ability to think in abstract terms, with all the applications this has to adapt to an environment as changing as that of human societies. .
Tips for learning to think more logically
Use this series of tips to get you used to thinking logically in most situations. Of course you will need to adapt these key ideas to the characteristics of your life.
1. Learn to distinguish between ideas
It is important be careful not to confuse the conceptsMaking the same word actually has two imprecise meanings instead of one which is clear and conforms to its definition. For example, it is not the same thing to speak of the “people” who speak of the inhabitants of a country, than of that of a State.
So, get in the habit of stopping to analyze if the most common terms you think of are consistent and if you are not mixing the concepts.
2. Control your thoughts
What aspects are most important to you when it comes to a problem? Is it reasonable that these should be your priorities when analyzing a fact or a phenomenon? Are you clinging unjustifiably to a very specific element of a much more complex reality? Order thoughts and endow them with a certain hierarchy it helps to think logically.
3. Analyze your acts of faith
The information you have about the reality around you is limited, which is why, to a certain extent, you will always have to take things from facts that you are not aware of. However … are these leaps of faith justified? Do your conclusions really flow from the premises you are starting from? Or do you simplify a problem just to come to a conclusion that you find most comfortable?
4. Avoid argumentative errors
Remember that mistakes are not mistaken beliefs, but failed reasoning. It is impossible for us to know whether all of our beliefs are correct or not, but we can analyze whether there are consistency errors in our way of reasoning and arguing.
Therefore, familiarize yourself with the errors and check, daily, if you fall there. Chances are you will do it more than once, but these opportunities should serve you to learn and correct your mistakes.
5. Meet new people
The possibility of connecting with new people, especially if they are people who think differently from usIt is a great help in getting used to thinking logically. Because? Because we find ourselves in situations that challenge our intelligence and make us have to argue our beliefs.
Thus, exposing ourselves to the shock of different and incompatible ideas causes us to reconsider our beliefs and see if there are any cracks in our belief systems, which
6. Detects simplification schemes
Do you tend to attribute more complex and socially rooted facts (such as poverty) to individuals? Do you think that abstract ideas can be treated as physical objects (eg talking about the law of attraction)? These are more common issues that cause you to think outside of logic and give you a cartoonish picture of reality.
7. Take a distant perspective
Don’t let your desires and feelings drag you down thinking coldly about important things. Failure to do so usually ends up drawing conclusions based on how you are feeling or which ones best match your desires. It is a way of being dishonest with oneself and does no good to our chances of having a fuller understanding of what is really going on.
8. Beware of false references
Sometimes we mistakenly believe that the most realistic and logical option is the one we interpret as the more moderate between two opposing options. However, this doesn’t have to be the case. For example, it is possible that our references to “the extremes” are something.
Our position on what racism is, for example, can be common ground between those who want to exterminate entire races and those who ignore the existence of these differences, if we stick to this logic. Therefore, before taking a position, we need to ask ourselves if these extremes are representations of valid options in the first place.