If anything characterizes the contemporary lifestyle (at least in Western countries), it is that information abounds. With just a few clicks we are able to access all kinds of data, lessons that only a few decades ago could only be accessed in some libraries and museums. Technology has become our second brain, the one with photographic memory.
However, despite the great advantage that computers and the Internet have brought, our thinking remains the same as always. Which is bad, because in the face of the information bombardment we face every day, it’s hard to navigate, to take a reliable mental path through which to come to a solid conclusion.
Therefore, it will be helpful for you to start taking control of your own decisions and lines of reasoning by helping yourself tips for thinking carefully that you can read below.
How to think well?
The bad thing about having the ability to create virtually any concept imaginable is that it’s very easy to get lost in this labyrinth of opinions, beliefs, and ideas that populate our brains. But knowing how to build reliable thought processes is not totally impossible. Write down the keys you will read below.
1. Beware of polysemy
It often happens that the same word changes meaning in the middle of the reasoning that we are following or that another person exposes, without our realizing it. This often happens, for example, with the etymological error, Which consists in claiming that a word means only what its etymology denotes.
For example, if someone says that marriage between two men should not exist because the etymology of the word indicates the presence of women in this act, use two different concepts: the traditional conception of marriage and the modern conception of that. here, by mixing them without justification.
2. Avoid the false dichotomy
There are people who try to be right by explaining, directly or more or less secretly, that if you don’t give them reason, you are part of a despicable group of people that hardly anyone wants to belong to: fascists , fans, etc. You have detected this strategy and realize that you don’t have to belong to a group of people just because you share a quality with them (disagreeing with the other person, for example).
3. Memorization is not always the solution
Many times it is much more helpful to remember how to access a type of information than to memorize the information itself.
4. Mark sequential guidelines
One of the most important aspects of thinking well is to organize yourself properly, also on a psychological level.
For example, when faced with more or less complex reasoning, many people get very nervous about which aspect of the problem to cut first. Instead, forget about the time and devote yourself to establishing a small plan with the “milestones” that you have to keep doing your thinking until you reach the goal, the final solution.
To do this, imagine a series of train stops and try to move forward on that route, focusing on one goal at a time.
5. Don’t be afraid of what they might think
One of the aspects of life that limits our thinking the most is being afraid of what others are going to say, as this can cause us to give up thinking about something whenever we feel the flow of thought. can lead to an unpopular opinion. .
Retiring in this manner is not only frustrating; Outraged, it puts us in danger when we think about it, Since we know that it is not appropriate for us to explain questions which can lead us to embarrassing contradictions (with our ideas or those of the majority) and, moreover, we have gone quite far in the reasoning to doubt what we think we know.
6. Detect pseudo-concepts and avoid them
Sometimes there are certain reflections which include several very imprecise concepts, which seem to be there to adorn. We must detect them in the words of others so as not to waste time wondering what they mean and to avoid falling into their use.
7. Be sure to document the processes
When we talk about psychology and mental processes, it is very common to fall into the trap of turning a process into a name. For example, we would never say we got home using the motion of the car.
If we take this into account, we are more likely to think better, because we will not treat the dynamics of interaction as if they were people or things separated from their context.
8. Believe that attention is crucial
To think well, you don’t have to take everything into account. We just need to start from a situation where we have detected what is relevant information and what is not, and focus on the first of these. Otherwise, an overwhelming amount of information would cause us to do nothing, which is worse than leaving out some of the data related to the topic we are talking about.
9. Compare things that are really comparable
When comparing two countries, make sure that their history, location, culture and economic status are comparable, for example. On the other hand, he compares the specific with the specific and in general with the general. The effectiveness of therapy, for example, does not change because there is more or less one person who claims to have benefited from it.