Traditionally, psychology has mainly focused on eliminating symptoms, which is what the patient asks for when coming for a consultation. So, if you are suffering from depression, you need to get rid of sadness and hopelessness, and if for example you have anxiety (with difficulty breathing, palpitations, etc.) you want to eliminate the anxiety.
From my point of view, if the psychological treatment focuses exclusively on the negative (“I take the wrong and you are done”) is incomplete, As it focuses only on eliminating what creates discomfort without working the positive, the possibility of building strength.
Treatment should not only be aimed at “eliminating suffering”, but also at harnessing the resources at our disposal and cultivating positive feelings and thoughts.
Psychology to develop strengths
In addition to using techniques to control symptoms (relaxation techniques, thought modification techniques, problem solving, self-control …) it is necessary to develop in the person the ability to enjoy, the ability to recognize the meaning of life. , personal abilities, optimism …
In this way, not only are weaknesses compensated for and wounds healed, but skills are developed that the person can use in the future. In addition, it is also possible to work preventively (not just from a “cure if there are symptoms” model on issues such as violence or drug use.
From this position, positive emotions are cultivated in three temporal moments: in the past, to value positively so that it generates well-being for us; in the present, to be motivated and fluid; and in the future, to view it positively with hope and optimism.
You may have positive emotions at one time but not at the next: for example, you may feel calm in the present and have little hope for the future, or look at the present and the future with excitement but be dissatisfied with the past. The important thing is that it is something that can be cultivated.
Learn to gain autonomy
If for example it is the past “that surprises us”, we can learn throughout therapy to rewrite our history so that we can go our own way. In the case of the past, our feelings are totally determined by our thinking, by our interpretation of it; therefore, by rewriting the lived history, the feelings change.
We can reflect on these three moments: in the past, what I did some time ago that I am proud of; in the present tense, write 3 positive things for example from today; and in the future, what I would like to do in the short and long term.
24 personal assets
Strengths are psychological traits and characteristics that present themselves in different situations and over time and can be trained and therefore improved. They are as follows.
Forces that involve the acquisition and use of knowledge
1. curiosity, Interest in the world.
2. Love for knowledge and learning (Trend continues to acquire new learning).
3. Judgment, critical thinking, Open-mindedness (think about things and examine all their meanings, without drawing random conclusions).
4. Ingenuity, originality, Practical intelligence (reflection on new and productive ways and ways of doing things).
5. social intelligence, Personal intelligence, emotional intelligence (knowledge of oneself and of others).
6. perspective (Being able to help others solve problems and put themselves in perspective).
Forces that involve achieving goals in difficult situations
7. Courage and courage (Don’t be intimidated by the threat, the change, the difficulty or the pain).
8. perseverance, Hard work, diligence (persevere in an activity even if there are obstacles).
9. Integrity, honesty, authenticity (Take responsibility for own feelings and actions taken).
The forces that involve caring for others and offering friendship and affection to others
ten. kindness and generosity.
11. To love and be loved (Appreciate the intimate and deep relationships with others).
Strengths That Involve Healthy Community Life
12. civic education, Teamwork, loyalty (working well within a team or a group of people, being faithful to the group and feeling part of it).
13. Impartiality and fairness (Don’t let your personal feelings influence decisions about others).
14. Leadership (encouraging the group of which one is a member to do things and strengthening relationships between people in the group).
Forces that protect us from excess (temperance)
15. self control (Ability to regulate own feelings and actions, to control impulses and emotions).
16. caution, Discretion, caution (do not say anything or do anything that you might regret later).
17. Modesty, humility (Don’t try to be the center of attention or believe more special than others).
Forces that give meaning to life (transcendence)
18. Appreciation of beauty and excellence (To know how to appreciate the beauty of things, from day to day or to take an interest in aspects of life such as nature, art, science).
19. Recognition (Be aware of good things that are happening to you and express your gratitude).
20. Hope, optimism, forward thinking (expect the best of the future and plan to achieve it).
21. Spirituality, faith, religious meaning (To have a philosophy of life, religious or not, which places you as part of the universe in general, with a purpose in life).
22. Forgiveness (forgive, give others a second chance).
23. Sense of humor (He likes to laugh and make others laugh, he sees the positive side of life).
24. Passion, enthusiasm.