Intelligence is a very difficult term to define. It can be simply described as the ability to solve problems and adapt to life.
No one would doubt that in the animal kingdom humans set themselves apart from other species to further develop their cognitive and social abilities. This fact suggests that other animals are sometimes inferior in intelligence, a mistaken belief.
In the diversity of the animal kingdom, we find species whose cognitive abilities are superior to those of others. In this article we analyze the most intelligent animal species that exist.
Particularly intelligent animals
Psychic ability in animals is also a difficult value to measure, so making a list of the smartest animals in the world is a tall order.
You can use a multitude of criteria, such as the ability to learn in captivity, understand and use the language or the ability to plan an action or abstract concepts. These ideas go far beyond the simple problem-solving skills mentioned at the beginning of the text.
Therefore, more than the typical “top ten”, I present in this list a series of species, trying to cover different classes of animals whose cognitive abilities are superior to what many might think, according to the research. Let’s do this.
10. The ant
It is the insect with the most brain mass that exists. The ant is an intelligent, methodical and strategic invertebrate. Its social organization is very complex, With hierarchies and diversification of work; for example, they have explorers for reconnaissance of the terrain.
Ants are able to for growing mushrooms or raising other invertebrates as food, in addition to presenting the battle in a coordinated way to defend its territory.
9. The dog
“Man’s best friend” is a species that has evolved in favor of human interests, but that doesn’t take away from the fact that they are intelligent beings. In addition to being loyal friends, dogs are able to understand human languageO, Feel empathy for other beings and apply logic to achieve their goals.
8. The gray parrot
The gray parrot is a bird that is not only able to imitate the sounds of human language, but also to apply it in a context, that is, to understand its meaning.
Among the case studies that of the parrot Axel stands out, Who lived thirty years (from 1977 to 2007), and was trained by comparative psychologist Irene Pepperberg. As she herself noted, she was able to communicate with the animal.
7. The rat
Although it is an unpleasant animal for many, for scientists it is very similar to humans, and the proof of this is its great use in experiments. These rodents are very social and work together for the good of the group.
Rats are able to plan and apply logic for problem solving. Some studies show that they are also sensitive animals, showing stress or remorse.
6. The crow
The crow is considered by many scientists to be the smartest bird. They are social animals that form herds.
In New Caledonia, it was found that crows they use tools like knives cut and throw nuts on the road while waiting for a car to pass and crack them. This means that they are able to find ways to fix the problems.
5. The pop
The octopus is the smartest invertebrate there is. They are lonely beings, but they are capable of recognize their environment and memorize in the long term what they discovered. Their nervous system is complex, and the funny thing is that only a third of their neurons are located in the brain: the rest are spread over the tentacles.
Their mimicry and camouflage abilities don’t go unnoticed either, and they are known to be great escapees.
4. The elephant
The elephant is the land animal with the largest brain and advanced cognitive skills. For example, they are altruistic, i.e. they sacrifice themselves for the good of the herd, they self-heal when they are sick (feeding on different plants depending on the disease) or they perform funeral rituals (they walk towards a “cemetery”).).
Its social organization is one of the most complex in the animal kingdom, with very intimate social relationships and family ties that only break with death. In captivity, they are fast-learning animals, have great memories, and have even been creative – remember the elephant painting pictures.
3. The pig
Many surely think that the pig is a messy and intelligent animal. Well, the truth is, it’s probably the cleanest animal: pigs refuse to defecate in nearby areas where they live or eat.
Pigs have a high level of intelligence. There are many studies on the cognitive abilities of the pig, which show that it has a cognitive ability. good long-term memoryThey learn quickly, have complex social interactions and show empathy. Even some texts suggest that the pig may have a higher level of intelligence than the chimpanzee.
2. The bottlenose dolphin
His fame precedes him; the bottlenose dolphin is popularly known as an intelligent cetacean. Their brains are much bigger than humans, they dominate 13 hours. complex language of sounds and they exhibit very intimate social relationships, especially between mother and children.
Many studies support their cognitive abilities; for example, they are very curious and are able to recognize themselves by seeing in a mirror, that is, they are aware of themselves.
1. The great apes
The great apes are the closest brothers of humans. This group consists of gorillas, orangutans, bonobos and chimpanzees. It is likely that because of this proximity, the study of their characteristics, including their cognitive capacities, arouses great interest.
The complex social interactions these animals conduct, their use of tools to solve problems, or the fact that they pass on their culture from generation to generation. In captivity, they have been shown to be able to communicate with humans through signals or reveal their creative abilities.