The 10 types of beliefs and how they speak about who we are

In many ways, we are what we do and what we think. The beliefs that we internalize and through which we live define who we are and, for example, focus us on certain moral or other values, cause us to have certain types of priorities, etc.

In this article we will look at a classification on the main types of beliefs and how they affect us on a daily basis.

    Types of beliefs and their characteristics

    Beliefs are basically memorized ideas about what the world is and how we should act. More precisely, these are cognitive patternsIn other words, systems of relations between concepts that appear in our memory.

    For example, for some people the term “anti-system” has connotations associated with terrorism and insecurity, so that in addressing this topic their thoughts will shift into the semantic field of vandalism and violence. but for others it has positive connotations associated with participatory democracy and collaboration, so using this scheme will lead to very different conclusions.

    That said, Let’s see what are the types of beliefs.

    Depending on whether they are regulatory or not

    Beliefs can be descriptive or, conversely, indicate a direction in which our actions should go. This is why we distinguish descriptive beliefs from moral beliefs.

    1. Descriptive beliefs

    These beliefs are supposed to be a simple (imperfect) calculation of reality: they show what’s in the present, like it or not. For example, some people believe that the evolution of species follows a logic that individuals must fight to survive, while others believe that evolution also creates settings in which those who survive most are those who collaborate. .

    2. Moral or normative beliefs

    These are the types of beliefs they tell us what is right and what is wrong. For example, believing that inequality is something that must be fought.

    According to its connection to religion

    Historically, religions have played a very important role both in the lives of individuals and in political and social events. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between religious beliefs and secular beliefs.

    3. Religious beliefs

    Religious beliefs, as the name suggests, are tied to a religion, regardless of their scale and popularity. That means they are attributed to dogmatic ideas which are not to be called into question, to certain rituals, And principles based on the supernatural.

      4. Secular beliefs

      Secular beliefs are not related to religion, at least directly. Therefore, these are all those that cannot be included in the previous category.

      Depending on the degree of consciousness

      In many ways there are beliefs so entrenched in our way of thinking that they are unconscious, automatic. This distinction is confusing because it is not easy to know to what extent an idea is unconscious or not, or if an apparent unconscious belief only arises in moments of intense emotionality or in certain circumstances, or if on the contrary it is is always latent and hidden. .

      5. Conscious beliefs

      This type of belief is part of our daily speech, the way we explain our beliefs orally or in writing, referring to our opinions.

      6. Unconscious beliefs

      Unconscious beliefs they express themselves through bias, involuntary acts and mental experiences. For example, a person who claims that lying is always wrong may find that they don’t really mean it if they are faced with a situation in which not to lie has catastrophic situations.

      According to its utility

      Beliefs also have an impact on the quality of life. This is why we distinguish between adaptive and maladaptive beliefs.

      7. Adaptive beliefs

      These are the ones that allow us to adapt to our daily life without causing suffering to others or to ourselves. Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy, for example, is based on adapting our core beliefs.

        8. Adaptive beliefs

        As the name suggests, they are the ones that do not allow us to adapt to our lives in the right way, as they generate stridings and conflicts both intrapersonal and interpersonal.

        For example, believing that the right thing weighs less than 40 pounds is an inadequate belief related to extreme thinness, and so is the belief that homosexuality is unnatural or that there are inferior races. . In the first case, this idea mainly causes pain to oneself, while others cause pain to others.

          Depending on whether they are internal or external

          Beliefs can be directed towards oneself or towards others

          9. Beliefs about one’s own identity

          They are closely related to self-esteem, self-concept and the expectations that we place.

          10. Beliefs about the environment

          These could be beliefs about the society you live in, your friends and acquaintances, etc. This is very important in so-called attribution styles, whereby we attribute the causes of what we have experienced to others, luck or ourselves.

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