The 3 phases of old age and their physical and psychological changes

Old age is, in many ways, the vital stage in which, although many abilities are diminished, full psychological maturity is consolidated.

On the other hand, the misunderstanding on the part of the majority of adults who do not belong to this age group has meant that to some extent all human beings going through old age are considered to belong to a certain group. same category, as if they were the same being 70 as 92.

Below we will see what they are the 3 phases of old age, and what are their psychological and physical effects.

    The three phases of old age

    The elderly are a vital stage which, in part due to the increase in life expectancy, covers an evolutionary process which can be very long, with many variations and many variables to consider.

    That is why it is useful to talk about the phases of old age, as they offer a rough categorization on special needs, the most common patterns of behavior and the biological characteristics of these stages.

    In summary, the stages of old age are as follows.

    Wait: 55 to 65

    Foresight is the prelude to the vital stage in which many of the bodily functions see their ability to continue working as they previously did, more or less drastically diminished.

    physical changes

    At this stage sleep patterns are often changed, Significantly decrease in the number of hours you need to sleep each night. It is also common for alterations in fat retention and slower, heavier digestion to occur. Muscle mass, on the other hand, tends to atrophy significantly.

    In women, anticipate it it occurs with the end of menopauseThis generates a series of hormonal alterations that affect both the physical and emotional symptoms related to the way this event is experienced.

    psychological changes

    In this phase of old age, contrary to popular belief, we generally do not suffer from a crisis or decrease the level of happiness. However, it changes the way we think.

    Specifically, it is common for it to appear a melancholy thought pattern in which we begin to see life through memories, what has been experienced in the past. Comparisons between what happened years ago and the here and now are very common.

    On the other hand, people with active family life can be exposed to empty nest syndrome, whereby children leave home and loneliness and sometimes boredom appear.

      Age: 65 to 79

      “Pure” old age is the stage in life where both the weakening of biological functions and a psychological style based on reviewing the past and experiencing memories are consolidated.

      physical changes

      Postural problems and weakened bones appear, which can cause pain or even great efforts cannot be made. Digestive problems, in many cases, are exacerbated, as is the risk of suffering from various types of cancer.

      In addition, vision and hearing often suffer, which in turn results in a psychological risk: isolationSince it takes more effort to communicate with others or even engage in conversations.

      From the age of 75, on the other hand, people already meet the profile of a geriatric patient as long as there is a significant problem in their quality of life such as mental deterioration or an inability to live independently.

      psychological changes

      At this stage, the decline of an important aspect of mental processes is consolidated: the level of intelligence. Specifically, it is fluid intelligence, which has to do with mental agility and the generation of new knowledge from scratch, that is most affected, while crystallized intelligence is much better preserved in most healthy adults of this age.

      Age: 80 and over

      Old age is the last stage of old age and represents a qualitative change in both physical and psychological development.

      physical changes

      At this stage postural changes and brittleness of bones and joints they are accentuated, which can lead to a significant reduction in people’s autonomy. Other health problems also follow their progression, making them significantly more common at this stage.

      psychological changes

      In this phase, the danger of social isolation is accentuated, because, on the one hand, the number of friendships decreases due to the frequency with which deaths occur, and on the other hand lack of autonomy it generally makes going out and meeting at home more rare. Free time is usually occupied by relatively contemplative activities, such as reading or gardening.

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