The 4 types of anti-values ​​and examples

Anti-values, still little known, are one of the most important components of morality. Or rather immorality. And while we usually talk about the ethics behind our actions with an emphasis on what to do, focusing on the positive things (or lack thereof), it is also important to keep in mind that there are values ​​that lead us to hurt.

In this article we will see what the anti-values ​​are, with their types and examples, And why they relate to the immoral.

    What are anti-values?

    Anti-values ​​are personal values ​​which, when put into perspective, can be recognized as harmful beliefs and ideals that cause suffering to oneself or to the rest of society.

    These are therefore predispositions to adopt behaviors that are harmful to the individual or to society.

    Types of anti-values

    The anti-values ​​can be of 4 different types: Self-destructive, individualistic, anti-equality and destructive.


    These anti-values ​​are characterized by leading us to perform self-destructive acts. For example, self-harm or drug addiction in order to pIntroduce damage into the same organism.


      These anti-values ​​create a moral barrier that creates a separation between oneself and others, so that one’s own well-being is systematically prioritized in all areas and regardless of the insignificance of the privilege chosen.


      They are anti-values ​​that they create moral separations between population groups that are not defined by the moral facet of their conduct. For example, the groups “serial killers” and “civilian population” if they are separated by a moral distinction, but not so “rich” and “poor”.


      In this category are found the anti-values ​​which they lead to widespread destructive acts, For example against the environment.


      Below you can see several examples of anti-values ​​and why they are harmful.

      1. Racism

      Racism leads us to isolate people from arbitrary characteristics which, moreover, have nothing to do with the morality of its members. In addition, these groups are artificial, because there is no scientific criterion to detect white, black, etc.

      On the other hand, attempts to link the physical and cultural characteristics which, due to stereotypes, are associated with non-white communities have totally failed. There is no indication that a person with lighter skin is more likely to behave in a more correct manner than one with darker skin.

      2. Sexism

      The idea that people should adapt to the traditional gender roles assigned to them at birth based on their physical characteristics it is also a widespread anti-value. The reason is that there is simply no reason why people, male or female, have to adapt to these patterns of behavior, tastes, hobbies and preferences, etc.

        3. Homophobia

        The idea that homosexuality is unnatural or that people who do not fall into the category of heterosexuality should have fewer rights is a clear form of oppression against a collective. Oppression which at best is reflected in mockery, Lower costs and unequal access to opportunities, and at worst, physical assault, murder or even public executions, depending on the cultural context.

        4. Religious fundamentalism

        Religious fanaticism is also an anti-value, because leads to violate the rights of others simply by beliefs that oneself has decided to internalize without ever questioning himself.

        5. Operation

        The idea that people in a privileged position can exploit the most disadvantaged this is another example of anti-worth which in everyday practice is usually justified using competitiveness, meritocracy or even self-improvement as an excuse. When people’s precariousness is very pronounced, they do not have the freedom to choose between decent options.

        6. Selfishness

        The anti-value par excellence is selfishness, which is often the main root of bad behavior. The pursuit of one’s own pleasure by depriving others or even inflicting pain on others it is a habit that generates discomfort or even real crimes, Sometimes.

        7. Envy

        Hatred of people perceived as better than oneself is a way of relieving the embarrassment engendered by this feeling of inferiority. make someone else pay. Therefore, envy is an anti-value.

          8. Trivialization

          Assimilating ideas or values ​​to a very different moral charge on the one hand makes the more positive appear more negative and the more negative must be excused. For example, by pointing out that a democratic political group is comparable to Nazism on the basis of certain elements of its aesthetic or vindictive style, the murder of millions of people seems to be on the same moral level as, for example, a shrillness in a demonstration or in a political speech.

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