Perhaps on some occasions we have heard in some news or read in some news that a certain person is hospitalized with a serious injury, which is critical or the prognosis is favorable or uncertain.
It is also possible that such terms come to us because we or a loved one have been introduced to them for some reason. These concepts refer to health status and expectations or prognosis of a person with any disease, Accident or state of health. And the truth is that although in general when we talk about a serious and mild illness or a guarded prognosis we can get a rough idea of what it entails, we do not always have a complete knowledge of what is involved. what is being said.
Knowing this type of term can be relevant in our daily life and that is why, generically, throughout this article we intend to collect a series of concepts related to different types of medical conditions and prognoses that are sometimes communicated to us.
Types of prognosis and severity of disease
A person’s state of health refers to the medical or health conditions they maintain, which can promote, maintain, or in different ways adversely affect their survival expectations, life expectancy, and ability to achieve or to maintain well-being.
When we talk about state of health we are referring to a set of elements of a fundamentally biological nature, although psychological factors may also come into play. If other aspects such as the psychosocial sphere also influence and can be symptomatic and even determinant of the state of health of a person, they would in principle not fall under this concept.
In the event of the onset of any disease, injury or medical condition, the condition of the subject in question was compromised and impaired. The presence of this disease is an alteration that can be classified into different degrees depending on its severity. They are listed below some of the main medical terms that refer to how a person is in relation to the severity of a particular suffering
1. Mild illness or minor injury
We use the term benign condition to refer to a condition in which the condition, illness or injury suffered by the patient in question does not appear to be serious and early recovery without sequelae is expected. Recovery is generally calculated over a fortnight. The prognosis is good.
An example is found in mild illnesses such as the common cold or the nailing of an object to an uncompromising area, such as the skin.
2. Less serious condition
Classifying a disorder, disease or medical condition as having a “less severe” prognosis implies that although rapid recovery is not expected it should not present a risk to the patient’s life. Recovery can take up to two weeks or a month.
3. Serious illness or injury
Whatever the serious disease or impairment, it presupposes that the impairment involves an obvious danger to the life or functionality of the patient. The risk of death is present or the injury may result in the loss or impairment of certain relevant abilities or skills of the person (for example, the ability to walk). Recovery usually takes more than a month.
A person in serious condition could be a patient with pneumonia.
4. Very serious condition, illness or injury
A very serious condition refers to the fact that the existence of a certain problem, condition, injury or illness has a high level of probability of death. An example of this is when a patient has several internal injuries but is stabilized and the possibility of being saved is still considered.
5. Critical condition
Another term referring to a patient’s condition / prognosis is critical condition. In this case, this concept is used to indicate that the vital signs of the person in question are unstable and that there is an immediate risk to their life despite the possibility of recovery.
The subject is at a crucial and extremely dangerous momentBeing very likely to die depending on your response to treatment could be cured. Typically, the patient would be in the intensive care unit or ICU, under close surveillance.
An example of a critical condition could be found in hospital patients suffering from a heart attack or early heart attack. The person would be at risk of dying, but depending on the treatment, they could improve and even save themselves.
6. Acute condition
What is a disease in an acute state, the presence of a clear and defined symptomatology that occurs in a limited and usually short period of time (never exceeding six months). Being in an acute phase of a disease does not imply that it is more or less serious, which rather implies that the evolution of this is rapid over time (The conclusion of the disease may be full recovery or death of the patient).
7. Chronic disease
The fact that a disease or an injury is chronic implies that this disease or this disorder will be present for the remainder of the life of the subject from its diagnosis, this deterioration being of long duration. All illnesses that last more than six months are generally considered to be such. Many of them could be fatal if there was no medical means for its control.
Some examples of chronic diseases are genetic disorders, diabetes, or HIV today (controlled by drugs).
8. Terminal condition or illness
We are faced with a terminal problem when the condition or injury presented by the patient involves his death in a relatively short periodUsually about six months (although this could last), and this alteration should be the cause of his death. The best-known example is cancer with metastases in later stages.
The medical prognosis
As we saw above, there are multiple categories that allow us to determine the repercussions that suffering from different illnesses has or can have. This state would refer to the current moment, but it is the basis that allows us to try to predict how the health of the person or patient in question will evolve.
This prediction regarding the most likely course of an illness or injury can follow and the chances of overcoming it is called a prognosis. This forecast is derived from the dataset available on the patient’s current condition, history, environment, and illness or injury in question, he suffers.
Types of forecasts
As with the condition of a disease, we can find different types of prognosis. The prognosis itself should not be related to the disorder that the subject presents (although this influences), but to the expectation that is made in each specific case. like that, for example, two patients with the same type of cancer may have different prognoses.
1. Favorable or good forecasts
The presence of a favorable or good prognosis is taken into account in cases where the existing evidence suggests that the course of the disease from which the patient is suffering leads to his recovery.
2. Moderate or intermediate forecasts
This type of prognosis indicates that the expectation on the patient’s state of health is not extremely positive but that there is no data. that make you think of the possibility of death in the immediate future. It can mean, however, the presence of functional limitations or even some type of disability.
3. Severe forecasts or poor prognosis
When we speak of a serious prognosis, we are referring, as the name suggests, to the fact that the conditions of a given patient suggest that there is a serious risk due to his death or the existence of severe limitations in his life.
4. Forecast reserved
The term reserved prognosis is used to designate a situation in which the doctors and professionals in charge of a patient are unable to determine the course or possible expectation of the outcome of the patient’s condition. Typical of times when there is not enough information to be able to speculate on the patient’s future or when there is a risk of complications.
An example of this could be found in the prognosis which would have a patient who has suffered a traffic accident and is unconscious and with a traumatic brain injury, but whose degree of involvement is not yet known.