The 7 types of self-assessment (how they work and their characteristics)

Self-assessments are techniques that help us understand ourselves better. They can be done at almost any time and can cover a wide variety of topics.

Whether in the field of education, through psychodiagnosis and reaching the world of organizations, self-assessments allow us to gain a better knowledge of ourselves.

In this article, we’ll talk about the types of self-reviews, taking into account both their scope and the format in which they are presented. In addition, we will do a quick review of their makeup and purpose.

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What is self-assessment?

Self-assessments are methods that allow us to gain a better understanding of ourselves, either by addressing aspects more related to our physical and mental capacities, or by addressing issues such as our emotions or our state of health.

The main peculiarity of self-assessments is that we are the ones who administer them.. In other types of assessments, such as heteroassessments and co-assessments, it is another person or a group of them who administer a questionnaire or perform some type of analysis of a particular person. .

Since self-assessments can be applied in multiple ways, there are several tools that can be used to carry them out.

Be useful, you have to be sincere when answering them and carry out a deep self-reflection to be able to detect these strengths and weaknesses that we may have or, in case we are talking about health issues, whether we are really behind something serious.

What’s their point?

Self-assessments are very common in everyday life. Situations as simple and mundane as taking a driving school test, asking review questions for a test, or analyzing the pros and cons of continuing with the couple would be examples of self-assessment. .

Depending on the area in which the self-assessment is carried out, we can talk about different objectives:

1. Education

In the field of education, they are widely used to find out what your level is on a given subject. or the extent to which the knowledge acquired in the classroom has been established.

If they are completed before taking an exam or trying to answer an exercise, they tell you what knowledge needs improvement and focus the rest of the study on them.

Teachers can benefit from this resource because it lets them know what they are failing at when explaining content. It also helps them put their homework on their students so that they get a general idea of ​​how the class is going and, in particular, which students are having the most difficulty.

2. Work

Self-assessment in the workplace can be used to thrive in the profession.

Many companies ask their employees to perform this type of assessment, in order to find out what potential problems are while performing their tasks and see how they can be resolved.

Self-assessments let us know whether we are effective enough or also allow us to improve our abilities to focus on getting promotion. Evaluating our efficiency allows us to motivate ourselves, to have better self-control and to solve whatever is necessary.

This type of tool is very useful for employees who spend a lot of time in the same workplace because, over the years, after seeing that we defend ourselves fairly well in the work that we do, we runs the risk of not going any further, stagnating and getting stuck in the comfort zone.

We need to ask ourselves if we are responsible, cooperative, punctual or if we have other qualities that are beneficial both for our work and for the business to continue to thrive.

3. Hello

While it should be noted that those who diagnose health problems, both physical and psychological, are professionals in this field, as are doctors, psychiatrists, psychologists, neurologists and a myriad of professions, conducting a self-assessment of our health can motivate us to see a good professional.

Some ways of evaluating ourselves in terms of health are as simple as feeling strange packages, wondering if we have felt motivated in the last few days, if we have noticed something strange in us. …

Needless to say, if we notice anything unusual, we shouldn’t rush and say what we have because, apart from the fact that we may not be experts in the matter, our opinion is not. no objective case. We have to go see a professional to see what can happen to us.

However, self-assessments in this area allow you not to have to go to the professional for nothing in case it does, and thus save us an insignificant visit and avoid taking time away from the professional. keep.

4. Daily life

It is quite healthy to question our daily actions, as long as we realistically “criticize” ourselves., Without being too harsh or kind to ourselves. Self-assessments in this area are one of the most subjective, as any topic can be discussed and does not necessarily have to have standardized references in this regard, unlike the other three areas.

We can ask ourselves what makes us happy, if we are to continue dating our partner, what we want to be in life …

Types of self-assessment

There are many tools available for performing self-assessments. Some are from the field of psychology, particularly the clinical field, but others are specific to education and organizations.

Below is a list of the main types of self-assessment available, both standardized methods and tools that have been formulated more freely.

1. Manuals

Usually and especially in the field of education, the manuals have at the end of each subject a page in which are presented various exercises related to the content of this one..

These questions often allow the reader to reflect on what he knows, whether or not he has learned everything he should, and to detect the topics in which he needs to dig a little deeper to bequeath them to master.

The questions can be asked in several ways: type of test, questions to be developed, in the form of games …

2. Self-assessment sheet

Also very typical of the educational field, self-assessment sheets allow us to write down on paper how we think we did a certain activity, In addition to allowing us to reflect on the areas that we feel we need to improve.

This allows us to better understand our strengths and focus on them.

There are also self-report worksheets focused on the workplace and mental health, asking questions in which the respondent can have complete freedom to explain what they are feeling, their symptoms or their stronger abilities.

3. Digital resources

Thanks to the development of information and communication technologies (ICT) There are more and more apps, both in education and in physical and mental health, that offer us a self-assessment..

4. Investigations

It is one of the most classic tools that psychology has used. Survey items can be presented as Likert scales, numbered, or with “I agree” style sentences.

5. Inputs for self-reflection

They consist of sheets in which there are incomplete sentences, In which the reader must supplement them with things that relate to himself. For example, “I consider myself to be a person …”, “I am … with others”, “I don’t care if … “.

Thanks to their great freedom of response, they can extract a lot of information about what you are thinking and how you are responding to it.

6. Personal journals

It is one of the self-assessment formats most representative of everyday life., although they can be used in any other field.

For example, in the school environment, you can create journals in which students are allowed to reflect and remember what they have learned on the day they finish. a page from the notebook.

7. Interactive notebooks

They are closely related to personal diaries, Especially in the field of education, although these are more focused on the student embodying what he has learned in class and reflect on it.

What are the benefits of self-assessment?

Regardless of the signal in which it was used, self-assessment is a resource with more advantages than disadvantages and, in case there has been any problem, it is most likely due to improper use of this tool.

1. They are suitable for all ages

In most of the cases, self-assessments can be applied in any age group.

While it is clear that workplace self-assessments are carried out for the adult level, those more education-related are highly variable and can be applied at an early age.

As long as the feedback is offered at the same level as younger children, this tool will be useful in making them aware of what they have learned. At each vital stage, we have different interests and goals. A well-done self-assessment is always rewarding.

2. Better self-knowledge

Since this technique promotes self-reflection, it allows us to value certain aspects of ourselves, to see how we could improve ourselves as people and citizens of the world.

It will help us know if we are people who have healthy relationships with our peers, how organized we are, if we are responsible …

3. Reinforce learning

As already mentioned, in the field of education, these types of techniques make the student more aware of what he has managed to learn and one in which it presents difficulties.

Thanks to this, it is possible to intelligently select the content to be studied for an exam, prioritizing what has already been mastered and adding it to what needs to be improved.

By allowing the student to participate in his own learning, by acting actively in the selection of the contents to improve, allows them to have a better interest in the study and a greater motivation.

4. It promotes our autonomy

Every now and then doing a self-assessment is a positive thingBecause it allows us to monitor our progress and also our weaknesses. This will allow us to have a greater degree of independence.

5. They increase our motivation

Receive feedback on our situation, especially in the workplace and academia, motivates us, Since it helps us understand why specific problems have occurred.

Moreover, by analyzing the origin of a certain difficulty, we can remedy it to face it.

Bibliographical references:

  • Leyva, I. (2010). Learning Assessment: A Practical Guide for Teachers.
  • Sanz, LJ and Álvarez, CA (2012). Assessment in clinical psychology. CEDE PIR preparation manual. 05. CEDE: Madrid.

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