Psychology is a field of study that has interested human beings since ancient times. University studies in this branch of science are generally in high demand.: There are a lot of psychologists who graduate every year, and many more who start their studies in this career.
However, not everything is just a love of theoretical knowledge; although in some cases this is done purely out of intellectual interest or for other reasons, the vast majority of university students are trained with the aim of being able to exercise a professional activity in a field of interest to them. Unfortunately, entering the workforce after you finish your studies doesn’t offer as many opportunities for psychology professionals today, especially after the economic crisis that began in 2007.
the disturbing unemployment rate for Spanish psychologists it has sounded the alarm for both students and those with training in the field who are unemployed or who have limited opportunities to change jobs. This is a situation that affects a large number of professionals who cannot find a place to practice their profession in a dignified manner.
Studies and the labor market: disparate situations
If we look at both academia and the labor market, it is possible to notice the existence of a great disparity in the relationship between supply and demand. While university training in psychology is in great demand and universities have responded accordingly, in the current job market, the situation is complex and does not offer so many alternatives to industry professionals.
This leads to the existence of high competitiveness in obtaining employment, Practically requiring the realization of training in the form of several post-graduates and masters in order to be able to stand out from the large number of competitors that can arise for the same place … and sometimes none of these types makes significant progress in the form of employability. Perhaps the only branch of psychology where this does not happen is organizational, very focused on human resources.
If, fortunately, in psychology there are multiple fields in which it is possible to specialize, which leads certain sectors to have a closer supply-demand relationship, the vast majority of professionals have great difficulty in finding work.
The situation of psychology in Spain: unemployment
The employment situation of psychologists in this country, particularly in the field of mental health, is paradoxical. And this is it in Spain there is a great social need for psychological care, Need more and more big and obvious. It is estimated that one in four people will have a lifelong problem that requires psychological attention (especially anxiety and mood disorders).
Spain has around 4 psychologists per 100,000 inhabitants, Four times less than the European average (estimated at 18 per 100,000). This figure is totally insufficient to account for the population’s need for professional care. This means that there are large waiting lists in public health to receive psychological treatment, while only 128 new public places are offered annually, with a large number of professionals.
The result is that many patients feel compelled to resort to private practice if they want to exercise or receive treatment.
Although in other areas far from the clinic the situation is a little better and there are a large number of vacancies in the human resources and business world, this trajectory tends to not not be the preferred choice of students entering their undergraduate degree. in psychology.
Evolution of unemployment among psychologists
In recent years, the situation of psychologists has improved slightly, noting a slight increase in recruitment during the month of February of this year compared to January or last year. However, this does not mean that the problem is solved.
According to data from the State Public Employment Service (SEPE), it is currently estimated that around 12,152 college professionals are unemployed. There is a clear improvement compared to the 14,088 or 16,800 of 2014, but the situation remains critical.
The difference between baccalaureate holders and graduates must also be taken into account. The changes in education that university education underwent with the implementation of the Bologna Plan led to the emergence of the degree in psychology, a university training that allows to obtain the title of psychologist. However, it can be observed that at present, graduates tend to have a higher employment rate than graduates. It lowers the graduate unemployment rate and raises the graduate unemployment rateAlthough this could also be due to the shorter time in the second market.
Also, the fact that the Master of General Health Psychology and professional practice of clinical psychology outside of this master’s degree or the PIR training system was prohibited (although professionals who fulfilled certain conditions were allowed to obtain accreditation which allowed them to continue to practice professionally), in order to do so. so that greater performance and greater competition were necessary in order to be able to work as professionals in the health sector (the most in demand).
Another problem that psychology professionals often face is that even if they manage to find job offers related to their professional sector, this occupation tends to be temporary. Thus, job insecurity is a constant concern in this sector, as in other professions linked to the world of health.
New policy measures are needed
From what has been seen, it seems that the drift in the labor market will not be enough to provide a minimum employment rate that meets demand. Structural changes are needed to find a medium-term solution, because the future of a whole generation of psychologists nationwide is at stake.