Emotional intelligence helps us choose the right path when faced with a problem or situation and find the best path. It helps us assess and weigh different options to achieve our goal.
Emotional intelligence gives us the ability to understand and analyze information and use it more assertively. By emotional it is also understood as what belongs to the emotions and the emotional, and how each person reacts to some of the human being’s emotions.
What is emotional intelligence?
Emotional intelligence is the ability of people to recognize their own emotions and those of others and to differentiate between different feelings and emotions, To be able to order and catalog them, as well as to be able to modify or change an emotion or a feeling, if necessary, according to the circumstances.
We can say that an emotionally intelligent person is able to consciously manage his emotions satisfactorily, to achieve positive results in his questioning of what others and himself are feeling.
The concept of emotional intelligence (EI) was developed by psychologists Peter Salovey and John Mayer. But it was Daniel Goleman, an American psychologist, journalist and writer, who brought emotional intelligence to worldwide fame, with the publication of his book Emotional Intelligence in 1995.
For Goleman, emotional intelligence consists of 5:00 am skills:
- Discover your own emotions and feelings
- Create your own motivation and
- Manage personal relationships
On the other hand, Goleman describes it through five principles or elements of emotional intelligence:
- emotional self-awareness
- emotional self-regulation
- social skills
And then he divides it into two areas: intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligence.
Two groups of emotional intelligence
In the scientific literature, there are two main groups of emotional intelligence:
- Mixed model, the union of emotional skills with elements of personality.
- Competency model: is the emotional processing of information obtained from the environment, or introspection.
In the scientific world, the competence model is much more appreciated.
Why is it?
People with high emotional intelligence are able to build more positive and fulfilling relationships in their lives. These are people who empathize and who they love to be with.
With its reputation, the concept of Emotional Intelligence motivates the emergence of many tests intended to know and compare emotional intelligence between people, even if most of these assessment tools do not have scientific approval.
Emotional intelligence plays a key role in the success or failure of all types of human relationships., From friendships, feelings and family to work ties
Empathy, emotional self-control and motivation can condition teamwork, which is why these elements, indicators of emotional intelligence, are increasingly taken into account in the process of selecting staff. companies.
It has been shown that a person with emotional intelligence, in addition to knowing how to take the right path, has previously valued his decision and has arguments to defend his position. She is in control of emotions, is empathetic with her peers, and generally generates enthusiasm. He is someone who creates a good working environment and contributes to the cohesion of the teams.
Today emotional intelligence is a value strongly taken into account in the choice of the candidate in the personnel selection processes, Because it greatly improves the company’s profits and the well-being of the employees.
How to acquire emotional intelligence
Emotional intelligence is believed to be a skill we all possess, but it is not demonstrated if it is not trained. On the other hand, there are people who, for various reasons, have developed it much more than others the average population. It greatly influences a person’s education and level of self-esteem.
Fortunately, there are exercises for developing emotional intelligence, and those who practice them show signs of maturity in most areas of their lives.