Everyone has a rough idea of what psychologists do (at least those in the clinical branch). However, in general there is a tendency to downplay the role of psychology in our societyBy limiting it to the treatment of mental disorders, when the truth is that the contributions of psychology are many and varied.
Since psychology studies the behavior of people as a whole, the benefits that flow from the knowledge gained from this science can be applied to many areas. If you want to know why psychology is so important, You may find this article helpful.
Psychology and its applications
Psychology is generally defined as the study of human behavior and mental processes. This definition may vary depending on the theoretical orientation or the field of application; for example, the object of the study can easily be extended to non-human animals, as in comparative psychology and ethology.
Psychological research is encompassed in many cases in what we call “basic psychology”, Dedicated to the acquisition of knowledge about processes such as perception, memory or reasoning, which influence any type of human behavior.
The best-known application of psychology is its clinical aspect, which aims to help solve mental and behavioral problems to improve the quality of people’s lives. Community psychology has similar goals to the clinic, but its approach is more macro, as it works with large population groups rather than individuals.
Other well-known branches of this science these are educational psychology, which analyzes learning in order to promote it, and organizational psychology, which applies the theories developed by social psychology to the professional field. Forensic psychology, on the other hand, focuses on psychological assessment in support of legal proceedings, and sports psychology focuses on improving athletic performance.
Why is psychology important?
Due to the breadth of the field of psychology, its importance largely depends on the specific application to which we are referring. However, in this section we will reflect on the relevance of psychology in general, emphasizing some of its main contributions.
1. Understanding living things
Psychological theories are fundamental in explaining the behavior of animals, especially people: any activity produced in a human society is subject to analysis psychology because it will always involve the participation of basic mental processes. In the study of human groups, social psychology is particularly important.
Behavioral analysis is not only interesting in itself for a large number of people, but also allows the knowledge acquired to be applied to many different fields, especially within the social and natural sciences such as medicine, sociology, economy, history, political science, Demography, linguistics, veterinary medicine or zoology.
2. Improve the quality of life
Many people consider that the ultimate goal of psychology is to increase the well-being and quality of life of others. Although other professionals have different views, the truth is that service to others has been a central aspect in the development of psychology, and remains to this day.
Obviously, psychology is useful in stimulating mental health and personal growth, but the benefits of this science are not limited to the psyche. Health psychology, for example, seeks physical well-being and disease prevention by developing healthy behavioral habits, a key aspect that medicine tends to overlook.
3. Improve relationships
Knowledge from psychological science is very important for improving human relationships. Psychologists too who are most able to improve social skills shy people, to intervene in the event of divorce or to intervene in moral harassment and harassment, among other functions.
4. To improve professional performance
In today’s societies, performance and productivity are extremely valuable professionally, and more and more people are realizing that having psychologists on their work team clearly improves results. Human resources, organizational psychology and sports psychology are good examples of this role.
5. Develop cognition
From psychology, many have been proposed techniques to improve cognitive abilities like logical reasoning, memory or problem solving. We speak of “meta-knowledge” to designate the knowledge of one’s own learning processes; understanding how our mental processes work is very important to perfect them.
6. Increase creativity
Psychology enhances creativity for different reasons. Not only does this allow for in-depth analysis of the artistic process, but understanding the behavior and mental functioning of people is a very important aid in creating meaningful works with realistic characters.
7. To solve specific problems
Clinical psychology and other branches of this science have frequently focused on solving everyday problems. In this sense, we consider that they deserve special mention problem-solving techniques such as those offered by D’Zurilla and Nezu, Which determine a number of useful steps in dealing with any complex situation.
8. To change the world
After all, a lot of people would like the company to be more kind to those who make it up. Although institutions tend to ignore psychology out of ignorance or conflict of interest, if the contributions of our science around individual well-being and collective functioning were to be taken more into account in the world, it would certainly be a better one. in law.