Ivan Pavlov is one of the most famous figures in psychology. Along with John B. Watson, he is the greatest exponent of so-called classical conditioning, an introductory topic to the psychology race, and one of the foundations of human learning and behavior.
- If you want to know more about this theory, in this article we explain it: “Classical conditioning and its most important experiments”
Pavlov’s sentences and behavior
Since Pavlov’s contributions marked a before and after in behavioral science, We wanted to make a list of your best phrases.
Below you can find them. Enjoy it!
1. Never think you know everything. No matter how much you value yourself, always have the courage to tell yourself: I am an ignorant
You have to be humble in this life and think that there is still a lot to learn. It is the best way not to relax and to continue to acquire knowledge.
2. I am convinced that an important stage in human thought will be reached when the physiological and the psychological, the objective and the subjective, are truly united.
Pavlov was a great character who contributed a lot to psychology and to the understanding of how we learn. Although in reality he was a Russian physiologist.
3. Science demands great tension and great passion from man. Be passionate about your work and your research
Research must be rigorous and objective, and researchers must be the first to ensure that this is the case.
4. As perfect as a bird’s wing may be, it will never allow the bird to fly if it is not admitted through the air. The facts are that air is like science. Without them, a man of science cannot rise.
Pavlov, as a good behaviorist, put a lot of emphasis on observation and the scientific method. His contributions have been essential in the development of psychology as a science.
5. Learn the cradles of science before trying to reach its peak
Before conducting research, you must master the scientific method. No mistakes should be made in investigations.
6. I always stay on the ground of the facts: I experimentally verify all my conjectures and, in this way, I always trust the solution given by the facts.
One of the hallmarks of this famous character’s experiences is rigorous observation of the facts. Along with Watson, he is one of the great representatives of classical conditioning.
7. It is clear to all that the animal organism is a very complex system made up of an almost infinite series of parts related both to each other and, as a whole, to the surrounding world, with which it is in equilibrium.
Pavlov has always been a passionate researcher, a lover of research into the causes of nature
8. Be disciplined and get to the bottom of the matter.
Referring to how a good researcher should be when conducting experiments.
9. Study, experiment, observe, try not to stay on the surface of the facts. Don’t become a fact archivist. Try to penetrate the secret of its origin. Search tenaciously for the laws that govern them.
To investigate, it is necessary to get to the bottom of the problem, it is necessary to investigate and control the variables involved.
10. For the naturalist, it’s all about the method
A quote from this behaviorist character that invites in-depth reflection.
11 .. When he dissected and destroyed a living animal, I feel in me the bitter reproach that with a brutal and clumsy hand I spoil an incomparable artistic mechanism
Pavlov was a researcher who conducted his experiments with animals. One of the best known is that of his dogs. This is how he discovered classical conditioning.
12. Learn, compare, collect facts!
Another allusion to how experiments should be conducted to get reliable conclusions.
13. It is often said, and not without reason, that science advances in leaps and bounds, which depend on the successes achieved with the research method. With each step forward in the methods, it seems that we are ascending a new step, from which a wider horizon opens up to us as we discover previously invisible objects. Therefore, our first task was to develop the method
Pavlov’s research was pioneering in his time, not least because of the rigor of his research and his passion for learning knowledge.
14. Condition people so that you don’t expect anything and everyone is excited by every little thing you offer them.
Classical conditioning involves presenting an originally neutral stimulus with a conditioned stimulus repeatedly. Thus, it will be possible to elicit a conditioned response.
15. Genuine scientific theory must not only cover all the existing material, but must open up wide possibilities for further study and – let’s put it this way – for unlimited experimentation.
There should be no restriction on research if we want to find real knowledge.
16. Thanks to our present surgical physiological methods, we can demonstrate at any time almost all the phenomena of digestion without losing a single drop of blood, without a single cry from the animals subjected to the experiment.
Initially, the experience of the peoples of Pavlov, sought to know the mechanisms of digestion of animals and humans.
17. Man has yet another powerful resource: natural science, with its strictly objective methods.
Another mention of the scientific method. Pavlov was a proponent of observing behavior to understand the mind.
18. Remember that science demands of an individual his entire life. If we had two lives, they wouldn’t be enough either.
A quote that says that a good researcher must put everything on his part at the service of science.
19. It goes without saying that the desire to accomplish the task with more confidence, not to waste time and manpower, and to spare our laboratory animals as much as possible, has made us all strictly observe. the precautions taken by surgeons with respect to their patients.
As a good physiologist, Ivan Pavlov compares medicine to research, in this case psychological.
20. Learn to do pawn work in science. Study, face, collect facts. No matter how perfect the bird’s wings would have been, they would never have been able to allow it to rise if they weren’t propped up in the air. Facts are the air of the scientist. Without them, you will never be able to take off. Without them, your theories will be wasted efforts.
While research is a job that requires a lot of intelligence and leadership, you need to be a pawn to do the most basic things, including being disciplined.
21. I have obtained the most that can be expected from life: the full justification of the principles with which I began. I dreamed of finding the joy of living in intellectual work: I had it and I still appreciate it. I wanted to have a kind person as a companion in my life and I found him in my wife Serafima Vasilievna.
An excerpt from the autobiographical book of Ivan Pavlov: “Physiology and psychology”.
22. The irresistible advance of the natural sciences since the time of Galileo made its first stop before the study of the upper parts of the brain, the organ of the animal’s most complicated relations with the outside world … moment really critical for the natural sciences, for the brain, if the higher complexity – the human brain – which created and creates natural science, becomes the object of this science.
Pavlov clearly shows that the study of psychological phenomena is really complex.
23. Men tend to be more easily influenced by words than by the real facts of the surrounding reality.
A statement by Pavlov that makes a lot of sense.
24. The question remains open whether psychology is a natural science or whether it can be considered a science.
Psychology is a complex science, which is why it is often questioned as such.
26. From the experience described, it is clear that the mere act of eating, food even without reaching the stomach, determines the stimulation of the gastric glands.
Pavlov, in this sentence, clearly exposes his roots as a physiologist.
27. Gradualism, gradualism and gradualism. From the beginning of your work, instrúiedade in the severe graduality and in the accumulation of knowledge
The acquisition of knowledge must be gradual. It takes stubbornness and work. You have to take it slow.
28. It is no coincidence that all the phenomena of human life are dominated by the search for daily bread, the oldest link which links all living beings, including man, to the surrounding nature.
We humans have always been interested in knowing and discovering the causes of things.
29. Don’t become a fact classifier. He tries to get to the bottom of the cause, pursuing the search for the laws that govern them
To investigate and draw conclusions, it is not enough to scratch the surface. We have to get to the heart of the problem.
30. Hunger is a force that stimulates the gastric glands
a sentence on Pavlov’s physiological work.
31. Science can be a way to know even what seems private
Thanks to scientific research, it is possible to answer questions that seemed totally veiled.
32. The limits of psychology are not only methodological, but also conceptual
This Russian physiologist he was very critical of psychology.
33. You have to know when to leave questions for when there are tools to answer
A phrase from Pavlov on the technological limits of science.
34. Technology is progress only if our ideas evolve with it
Technological progress does not generate the progress of ideas.
35. All ideas based on mentalism must be discarded
A critique of this philosophical current.
36. In psychology it is possible to locate the problems of beginners
Pavlov speaks critically about the psychological science of his time, far behind in many ways.
37. Science is opposed to theological dogmas because it is based on facts
A reflection on the scientific approach and its way of adapting to reality.
38. The race to master human behavior cannot have an end in the near future
For Pavlov, total control of acts is practically impossible.
39. Research on the nerves of the body gives some power over the most basic processes
The nerve is one of the basic extensions of the nervous system, which is why it gives rise to simple reactions.
40. A stimulus can be more than it appears on a first try
In one form of stimulation, there is potential for future learning.
41. The experimental method has a lot of potential
Important discoveries can be made in a laboratory environment.
42. It is necessary to segment complex phenomena into simpler phenomena
A reflection on reductionism.
43. Taking a step back to examine the ideas behind a line of research never goes wrong
There is a philosophical work that supports all science.
44. Data needs to be interpreted, and that’s extra work
Information revealed by studies is not interpreted in isolation.
45. The task of the scientist is to arrive at the ideas which best describe reality.
Pavlov talks about the role of the researcher.