It is contradictory to talk about the different types of sexual orientation. Defining is already known to be limiting, and this becomes especially evident when what is defined is something as subjective as the patterns of sexual attraction and the various criteria used to determine whether something is sexually attractive or not.
How do we name what we think is desirable? Isn’t sexuality experienced as something linked to certain moments, contexts and moods?
The main types of sexual orientation
What attracts us (or not) to people is not concrete, immutable items that belong to them and that can be worn like someone wearing a new shirt. We can never say for sure where the desire produced by someone in particular came from, much less make sure that this element will always attract us.
However, it is increasingly common to talk about a range of types of sexual orientation which over time gains in scope and variety. Homosexuality has long ceased to be the only alternative to heterosexuality, and as a result our notion of what sexual orientation is or can be is becoming increasingly complex and nuanced.
Categories created by science?
The fact that more and more proposals are being made to diversify the variants of sexual orientation does not remove the fact that the “homosexuality – heterosexuality” dichotomy continues to be strong and in many circles people and their inclinations continue to grow. be classified in these two categories. . The reason is that these two concepts have an objective understanding: the biological sex of people. However, other types of sexual orientation are based on subjective phenomena, for better or for worse..
The denominations or labels to define multiple types of sexuality do not come from the realm of psychology or biology, but rather appear to be part of a socially rooted initiative (historically linked to pro-sexuality movements). Equality) to justify and give visibility to the ways of a living sexuality eclipsed by the norm: heterosexuality.
This means that behind the creation of these categories to name the different types of sexual orientation, there is no pretension to label each of the variants that we could identify if we went to it, and we do not want to find any. ways to do it. living sex which coincides with certain organic bases (unusual neuronal connections between certain areas, atypical functioning of certain parts of the brain, etc.).
These are not concepts designed to serve the purposes of science, but to have social impact. Specifically, what one tries to use these terms is to welcome people who tend to experience an alternative sexual orientation class with greater sensitivity.
Can we talk about the most important types of sexual orientation?
If delimiting what is and what is not a different type of sexual orientation from another is already a little complicated, it is even more so to talk about the most important ones. It is a subjective thing and it depends on arbitrary criteria to order the increasingly less important sexual orientations. and that at the end of the day, they don’t tell us if one is more valuable than another.
In this case, I have selected the types of sexual orientation that tend to appear the most in the media so that those interested in the topic can start investigating.
Types of sexual orientation
Here is an explanation of each of the most studied types of sexual orientation.
It’s sexual orientation defined by attraction to people of the opposite sex, Exclusively. This is perhaps the most common sexual orientation class.
Characterized by the sexual attraction directed exclusively to people of the same sex. Homosexual men are commonly referred to as gay, while women are lesbians.
Sexual attraction to people of the same and opposite sex, Although not necessarily with the same frequency or intensity in one case or another.
Sexual attraction to some people, Regardless of their biological sex or gender identity. The difference between pansexuality and bisexuality is that in the latter case, sexual attraction continues to be felt across gender categories, whereas in pansexuality it does not. To learn more, you can read the article on this sexual orientation.
Demisexuality is described as the appearance of sexual attraction only in certain cases where a strong emotional or intimate connection has already been established.
People with this type of sexual orientation they are attracted to others, but do not feel the need to be reciprocated.
To autosexuality, the attraction is felt towards oneself, Without this having to be synonymous with narcissism. It can be understood as a way to nurture affection or self-love.
this concept is used to identify with it people who experience their sexuality without knowing in which category to identify and / or without feeling the need to classify in any of them.
In this type of sexual orientation attraction to diverse groups of people with specific gender identities is felt. Depending on the criteria used to classify, it can be understood that polisexuality overlaps with other sexual orientations such as pansexuality.
asexuality it is used to name the lack of sexual attraction. It is often considered not to be part of the diversity of sexual orientations, being its negation. You can read more about asexuality in this article.