Sexual and reproductive rights are a series of rights related to your sexuality and reproduction and therefore include your right to privacy, health, freedom of thought and expression, to live free from violence through education and information.
Sexual and reproductive rights: why and for what
This set of rights is also part of human rights and is closely linked to health. According to the WHO, sexual and reproductive rights imply that everyone (without any discrimination) can achieve the highest level of sexual health.
Exercising these rights helps you take responsibility for your life and actions, provided you recognize that just as you have the right to live your sexuality in a healthy and responsible way, you also have duties and responsibilities. towards others.
What is sexuality?
When we talk about sexuality, we refer to the capacity that each person possesses to feel pleasure (both with their body and with their mind) and to involve the physical, sentimental and emotional realm. This means that sexuality is closely linked to your personality, the way you are, think, feel, understand life, act and relate to others and to yourself.
Here are some of the sexual rights:
- Decide whether or not you want to be sexually active or active; decide how, when and with whom to have emotional and sexual relations in a framework of mutual respect and consent.
- Decide whether or not to have a partner; to consent or not to marriage.
- Being able to express our emotions and our sexuality.
- Look for a pleasant sex life, Safe and satisfactory.
- Enjoy our body, Receive respect for their integrity and not be subjected to any form of physical, psychological or sexual violence.
- Right to sexual privacy and decide what we want to do with our bodies, without hurting or affecting the sexual rights of others.
- Not to be discriminated against by our gender, Gender, sexual orientation or any other cause.
- To be able to access quality health services in which privacy and confidentiality are guaranteed. These services should include counseling on the biological, psychological and social aspects of sexuality.
- Be able to seek, receive and disseminate information in relation to sexuality.
- Receive sex education.
Understand the freedom and autonomy to responsibly decide whether or not you want to have children, how many, when, and with whom.
Here are some of the main reproductive rights:
- Decide whether or not we want to have sons and daughters, When, their number and the time elapsed between them and them.
- Don’t be discriminated against or receive unequal treatment due to becoming pregnant or being a mother (at school, at work, with the family, etc.). Pregnant adolescents have the right to continue attending the school where they studied before pregnancy.
- Access to health services and medical care ensure safe and secure motherhood during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding, and ensure mother-son or daughter well-being. Get quality care and opportunities when a woman’s life is in danger due to pregnancy.
- Receive information and education to ensure reproductive autonomy and family planning, ensuring confidentiality and privacy, especially for adolescents.
- Access to safe contraceptive methods, Acceptable and efficient.
- Enjoy the highest level of reproductive health possible, Free from disease and disability due to causes such as poor care, malnutrition, exposure to chemicals or forms of violence.
- Access to fertilization methods or procedures if help is needed to achieve the desired pregnancy.
- Be protected from forced pregnancies, Sterilization or abortion by imposition, obligation, pressure or coercion; or against any degrading treatment and violence in connection with reproduction.
Sexual and reproductive rights are part of human rights, which means that everyone, regardless of age, sex, origin, social status, has the right to a state of full physical, mental and well-being. social, and to maintain it throughout its life.