What happens to our body and mind when we have sex?

It is said that living things are characterized by to be born, reproduce and die. As humans, it is clear that virtually all of our behaviors have meaning once we are born and are relatively autonomous and most of them can be understood as strategies to get around death. Sex, however, is an optional thing in our lives, in the sense that it is not a vital necessity and it is perfectly possible to go an entire existence without having such relationships.

When our body asks us for sex

Now our body has been designed in such a way that living with sex is more comfortable and easier than not having sex. Usually, when faced with a dichotomous decision in which we are debating between whether or not to have sex, there is something that leads us to the first option. It is a mysterious force that Sigmund Freud named libido and that today, we can understand it from several angles. What are these unconscious mechanisms by which our body is predisposed to have sex?

The chemical circuit of sex

Having sex dramatically changes the blood level of certain hormones and neurotransmitters, as do certain activities associated with love, as we have seen in this article.

More precisely, there is a type of substance, the quantity of which increases considerably: the endorphins. Endorphins are generally associated with pleasant and relaxing practices, Such as the consumption of chocolate and moderate sports, and therefore are often considered a kind of morphine that makes the body itself. However, their quantity also skyrockets during orgasm, and perhaps that is why sex is often a good way to relieve stress, improve the quality of sleep and even relieve physical pain. This biological mechanism from which we benefit so much (even without knowing it) acts as a reinforcer so that in the future it will repeat this same situation.

There is another type of substance, the hormone oxytocinWhat being associated with bonding could also play an important role in sex. High levels of oxytocin in the blood appear during hugs, direct gazes, kissing, and all kinds of culturally modulated expressions of affection. All these situations have the particularity of being associated with affectivity, But also in the to place. And, in fact, oxytocin could be partly responsible for the ability of these expressions of love to give way to other more intimate activities, as their concentrations appear to be high during sex.

Additionally, some researchers believe that the type of self-esteem in monogamous couples has its roots in the oxytocin released during this type of activity. While expressions of support and affection are frequent and appreciated by themselves, it is not uncommon that they sometimes know little and lead to something more.

Some cultural factors

Perhaps the motivations that lead to sex can be described based on the hormones and neurotransmitters it releases, but the thing does not stay here. To speak of these chemical processes is to describe a behavior from the inside of the individual to the outside, but we must speak of the dynamics which go from the outside to the inside.

All areas of our way of life are imbued with cultural factors, And sex-related motivations are no exception. We humans are able to seek possible sexual intercourse no longer for the immediate enjoyment of the activity, but for the ideas associated with it..

The idea of attractive and a person’s desirability, for example, are essential for talking about sexual attraction and the motivations that guide our sexual behavior. However, these concepts cannot be explained solely from an analysis of neurotransmitters and hormones associated with sex: if the form is strongly influenced by culture. Curiosity about the body of a possible sexual partner, although it is rooted in unconscious biological processes, also has one of its fundamental pillars in the social: for this reason, some parts of the body are sexualized in some cultures and not in others.

Other examples of motivations cut off by culture are:

  • An idea of ​​success associated with the possibility of having frequent sexual relations.
  • A demonstration of power.
  • A concept of pleasure that includes sexual fetishes.
  • The need to improve self-esteem.
  • The search for strong emotional bonds and intimacy.

Of course, these motivations may be more or less appropriate and adaptive depending on the context, whatever the moral from which we start. However, it is undeniable that there are countless variables with cultural roots that shape the way we understand sex and research the situations in which we experience it. It could not be otherwise, because fortunately we do not reproduce and do not have fun like automatons. And may it continue to be so!

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