10 group integration dynamics for all ages

The dynamics of group integration are methods used in groups to achieve a goal. These are activities that bring benefits, as they allow you to learn in a fun way and to interact with other people.

The purpose of each dynamic may change, but the key is to foster camaraderie as new knowledge is acquired or interpersonal relationships improve.

In this article we will talk about its main features, in addition to explaining some examples of dynamics used in age groups.

    Characteristics of group integration dynamics

    Group integration dynamics are carried out with the intention of offering a lesson, be it moral, educational or camaraderie. Participants are invited to reflect on what they did with the activity and to explain how they feel.

    Areas such as education and organizations are widely covered, As they improve relations between students and workers, abolishing interpersonal barriers. In addition, they allow, in the educational case, to transfer theoretical knowledge to a more experiential field, promoting meaningful learning.

    For a group integration dynamic to unfold correctly, one or more facilitators must be available. These people are responsible for indicating the steps to follow, in addition to being the one who develops the dynamic after having studied the characteristics of the group in which it is going to apply it.

    Examples of group integration dynamics

    Here are several examples of group integration dynamics for adults, children or adolescents.

    1. My name is and my tastes are

    It is ideal for use with the first day of daycare. Its objective is to introduce children and to make them known. Groups of around 10 children are recommended.

    The facilitator begins by saying “My name is Joan and I love to play with my dog”. In an orderly fashion, and based on the same example, each child will introduce themselves and tell their tastes.

    After talking to all the children, the facilitator will ask them if they can remember the names of their peers and bring together those with similar tastes.

    2. Shared account

    Children need motivation and to practice their creativity. This is why this dynamic is perfect, because it involves creating a story all together.

    The facilitator will start the story by telling a story in which he appears and also in which one of the children appears, to which he will point. The designated child will have to say their name and continue to tell the story. He will have to mention another child, the one to report, and will therefore continue to tell the story.

    It is highly recommended for kindergarten and elementary school children. Ideally, the group should be around 8 or 10 people.

      3. Cloudy river

      Participants sit in a circle and in hand they have bottle caps. A song is sung: “A very cloudy and cloudy water crosses the river”. With the mats, they have to keep pace with what they are singing. At all times, the cover must be returned to the companion on the right.

      The song accelerates more and more. Those who lose rhythm are eliminated until there are only three left. The last three participants will need very good coordination to continue doing the activity.

      In this dynamic companionship, coordination and synchronization are practiced.

      4. Dreams

      is a dynamic widely used with adolescents and young people to teach them the importance that, despite the difficulties, they should never stop pursuing their dreams.

      It lasts approximately 15 to 25 minutes and is recommended with groups of 10 to 20 participants. Balls and chairs are required, one for each participant.

      At the beginning, all participants sit in a circle as close together as possible and have to choose a dream. Everyone inflates their balloon and pretends to sleep in it.

      Then they straighten up and turn the chairs to form a very small circle that they are in. The ball should reach as high as possible. The facilitator has an object, such as a bullet gun, to pop the balloons that come out of the circle.

      The idea of ​​this dynamic is understand that you need to get out of the comfort zone to make your dreams come true, but that there will always be someone who will try to destroy you.

      5. Stuck

      This dynamic encourages teamwork and lasts approximately 10 to 25 minutes. The number of participants is very varied, Can range from 2 to 40 people.

      Two participants, for example, sit on their backs and hold their arms without turning. The idea is for them to stand up by reinforcing each other but without supporting their hands on the ground.

      It is important that, if done in pairs, their limbs have more or less the same physical complexion, Height and no back problem.

      The fundamental learning of this dynamic is that by joining forces, great goals can be achieved.

      6. Sum of material

      It lasts about 20 minutes and requires between 10 and 20 people. Sheets with pointed numbers from 0 to 9 are needed.

      There must be at least two groups, In which each person receives one or two sheets with numbers.

      The facilitator says aloud several characters and the groups have to form him with their sheets of paper. The group that forms the first number wins the point.

      Numbers can be spoken directly (eg 45) or say a mathematical formula (eg 10×10: 2-10 + 5).

      Math skills are tested interactively and a sense of sportsmanship is encouraged

      7. The mirror

      It is an ideal dynamic for improving confidence between children, as well as helping them to reflect on their emotions.

      The facilitator forms pairs of children who will face each other. One of them will make movements and the other will imitate it.

      Empathy is encouraged, as they are free to imitate the partner but must do so in a way that is not demeaning. Synchronization, coordination and focus are also tested.

        8. The wrong message

        Ideal for teens and young adults. It’s fun and allows you to think about the transmission of information in a chain of different interlocutors.

        Participants line up. The first person in line is the one who receives the message directly from the facilitator. The first in line will say the message to the second, and the second to the third, and so on.

        The latter will have to say aloud the message that has reached him. The facilitator will compare what he said at the beginning with what happened at the end.

        This dynamic tests participants’ memory, their ability to pay attention and their communication skills.

        9. Putting the word together

        This activity allows members to interact and get to know each other more easily.

        The facilitator will distribute sheets with pointed letters. Each participant will have a sheet and will not know which letters the others have.

        The facilitator has chosen these letters to form a word, and it is the participants who must find out what it is. Outraged, rules can be definedFor example, having to introduce themselves every time they speak to someone.

        10. The most questionable ball

        It is ideal for working with small groups. You need a ball and a music player.

        The children form a circle and, playing music, the ball passes from one to the other. When the music stops, the person holding the ball should say their name and ask the others a short question.

        The other classmates should answer before the music blasts. When the music plays again, the ball will move again. The game will last until everyone has submitted.

        Bibliographical references:

        • Backstrom, L .; Huttenlocher, D .; Kleinberg, J .; Lan, X. (2006). Formation of groups on large social networks. Proceedings of the 12th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining – KDD ’06. p. 44.

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