Most people we constantly meet new people. With most people, we usually make superficial, rather occasional, contact. But sometimes we want to meet someone for real, especially when it’s someone we have a more fluid relationship with. The perfect example is starting a new job or starting a school year in childhood. And meeting someone from scratch can be harder than it looks, especially for those who are shy.
To face this situation, it can be useful to realize different dynamics of presentation such as those we will mention in the following lines.
What is a presentation dynamic?
Before going into different presentation dynamics, it is advisable to first do a little introduction to know what we are referring to.
Dynamics is understood as the set of resources, strategies, methods and techniques used in order to achieve a given goal, usually causing some kind of movement or action by one or more agents.
In terms of presentation dynamics, we would speak of different methods designed to facilitate initial contact and interaction between group members, So that deeper bonds can be established later or that there is recognition between individuals. They are generally very useful for everyone, although they are especially useful for those who are more shy or have difficulty making first contact.
It is common for presentation dynamics to have a certain playful component, So that a positive emotional climate is established and the learning and relaxation of those involved is encouraged.
It is important to note that the effectiveness of this resource is not only related to the practice itself, but will be conditioned by a wide variety of factors. Among them we can find the context, the situation and the moment in which they are carried out, the way of approaching those who are going to achieve it, the level of relation of the dynamic in question with the objectives that we seek to achieve , the expertise of those who launch it or the adequacy of it to the capacities, the motivations and even to the personality of those who will carry it out.
It may also seem that the presentation dynamics are typical of children’s contexts. But if it is true that they are particularly useful and are widely used in the world of education, Are also practiced in adults and even the elderly. For example, it is not uncommon to find such internships in the workplace. They can also be used therapeutically to train social skills. It can even be used to perform cognitive stimulation, serving to encourage immediate or even longer term memory.
Examples of dynamics to present
Below, we present a dozen simple dynamics that can be used in a versatile way in a wide variety of contexts.
1. Name string
The simplest dynamic is probably based on forming a circle. Each participant will say their name and basic characteristics before moving on to the next one. Once this is done, each person will stand up and say the name of each member of the group. It can be done faster and faster or change direction every now and then to make it different.
2. Pass the ball
A simple but effective game. The participants should form a circle, and first each member of the group, in turn, tells the others their name. After that, a ball is taken which the group members will have to pass. Whoever receives the ball must say the name of the one who passed it before throwing it to another person, who will have to do the same. It is not necessary to follow an order in the passes, and it can be random as long as it is integrated into all the participants.
If you want to add a competitive component or to complete the game, over time the ball will be thrown faster and faster. Anyone who does not correctly identify the person who passed it or fails to catch the ball is out. Of course, this last paragraph should only be applied in a recreational context, and is not recommended in certain sectors of the population.
3. Wool spider web
A dynamic similar to the previous one. In that case, there is a ball of yarn that will be taken apart as it passes between the members of the group. It is one of the most used presentation dynamics in boys and girls.
First, a person will say their name or an aspect previously agreed upon by the group as the main part of the presentation, then move on to the next button. He will have to repeat what he said above and add his own presentation before seeing it again, and so on.
4. Introduce yourself to each other
All participants are placed in groups of two. Among them will be presented saying their basic data and an identifying or unexpected detail or a particular taste or dream. The whole group will then meet and each member of each couple should introduce themselves to the other.
5. Presentation in the form of thumbnails
This is a somewhat different way of presenting themselves, in which each member of the group draws four thumbnails on a piece of paper that represent identifying aspects of the person or recent experiences. After that, they will be placed in pairs and each will explain to the other what he has drawn and why he represents them.
6. Find the partner
This dynamic is based on the choice of familiar phrases, sayings or drawings which are split in half and distributed among the members of the group. Everyone will have to find the person who has the missing part of the sentence or picture.
7. The card game
Each member of the group receives a card and a must-have. They will put their name on it, horizontally or vertically, and from at least some of the letters, other words will be generated. Specifically positive adjectives about oneself.
After that, participants will have time to walk around the room. Finally, they will meet as a group and introduce themselves formally. We will try that the others remember the characteristics and / or names of the others, asking each one for a moderator by the characteristics of some companion.
8. The dice
A dice of relatively large proportions will be created beforehand, an interesting look will be placed on each face which can be used to introduce themselves. For example “my main motivation is …”, “I want to work on …”, “my favorite food is …”. Then, each member of the group will roll the dice and will have to give an answer to the sentence that will come out. This will be repeated as many times as desired. It is one of the most popular adult presentation dynamics.
9. Identification with an animal / superhero / superpower
Another way to know ourselves is through what we identify with. Thus, the group is invited to look for an animal, superhero, superpower or movie / book / video game character that each member considers to be the representative or who has the same qualities. He will also appreciate what he / she looks like, what he / she would need to get closer to him / her, and why he / she loves him / her.
Then everyone will explain which character they have chosen and the meaning of being chosen as a group will be explored.
10. String: The gesture of my name
The group is placed in a circle or in several sub-groups. Each person will have to think of different gestures that symbolize their name or that are based on the sounds of their letters, to show others later. The rest will have to guess. After that, it is possible to make a chain in which each member of the group will perform their gesture and that of the previous ones.
- Morales Pérez, A. (1999) Group dynamics: exercises and techniques for all ages. Madrid: San Pablo Publishing.