12 examples of morality and ethics in everyday life

The world is a very diverse place where each culture defines what is right and what is wrong to do.

Correctness is defined both by legal norms, which when violated, involve crimes, or by moral norms, which can provoke social rejection from those who do not obey them.

    What is morality?

    Morality is a concept that refers to the set of socially well regarded behaviors, Which depend on the culture of each country and its religion. In contrast, ethics are the set of individual values ​​that guide a person’s behavior.

    What is moral in one country may be frowned upon in another, so we must be aware of the cultural diversity that exists on our planet and be careful not to behave in an offensive manner abroad.

    Examples of morality

    The morality of each culture offers a set of rules that define what is appropriate. Not necessarily being moral means being appropriate.

    Then we present some moral maxims and examples of morally acceptable behavior in most cultures.

    1. Tell the truth

    In most cultures it is considered a fundamental maxim. Telling the truth involves being sincere and not lying, although lying can benefit us.

    However, this maxim accepts certain types of lies, such as seeing a chase between a victim and his attacker, knowing where the persecuted person is hiding and lying to the aggressor to prevent him from finding him.

    There are also other specific situations, instilled from an early age, which involve the obligation not to tell the truth, as would be the case with saying what you really think of someone about their physique. or other aspects.

    2. Generosity and altruism

    Self-sharing is seen as morally and socially cooperative, Especially if it is to ensure the good of others and the prosperity of the community.

    3. Don’t contradict what the company commands

    Every culture has a set of rules that make it work in a certain way and according to an elaborate ideology. for hundreds of years of history.

    Failure to adhere to the norm, whether in behavior, thought, dress or other aspects, can be seen as an attack on a country’s culture and traditions.

    For example, in the most fundamentalist Islamic societies, where a woman is forced to wear the veil, failure to wear it would be considered immoral conduct, in addition to being punishable by law.

    4. Respect for life

    This moral maxim is typical of cultures with Christian influence.. The physical integrity and that of others must be respected, murder and suicide being the greatest representatives of the violation of this premise.

    However this maxim presents a certain controversy according to which situations, as they are the cases of abortions in which not to be carried out endangers the life of the mother, or in the euthanasia, since it is possible to see how few moral allow a person to continue to suffer.

    5. Treat others the way you want to be treated.

    It can come down to not doing to others what you don’t want them to do to yourself. We generally call this maxim “the golden rule”.

    In ancient Mesopotamia, this premise was very clear, both morally and legally, and fundamentally many laws present in the Code of Hammurabi are based on the idea of ​​an eye for an eye, executing sanctions in the same way as the acts of vandalism had been committed. engaged.

    6. Don’t cheat

    The quick and easy way may not be morally accepted. In Western society, the value of effort and persistence is instilled, so cheating is considered inappropriate behavior.

    When you play sports or take an exam, you should give your best and behave with respect. Sacrifice and perseverance are values ​​that are very well perceived morally.

    7. Loyalty

    Be firm in your own ideals and don’t neglect the social group you belong to, such as family or group of friends. The abandonment of ideals or their non-fulfillment can be interpreted as hypocrisy, and turning one’s back on one’s loved ones is seen as betrayal.

    However, it may be considered okay to leave the group when they behave in an immoral manner or engage in inappropriate behavior.

    8. Rejoice in the merits of others and do not be jealous

    Socially cooperative behavior is about enjoying what others have accomplished, Regardless of the fact that oneself contributed to its achievement.

    9. Live according to God’s will

    For example, in Christian societies, this premise is part of the ten commandments of the law of God, In which it is indicated how believers should live so as not to offend God and thank them for their own existence.

    Japanese morality: several examples

    Japanese culture is a religiously and morally complex society. Unlike in the West, actions in Japan are not seen as good or bad but isolated, but they must be done respecting a number of duties and obligations.

    It is curious how certain behaviors that in our culture we would consider inappropriate, like infidelity or drug addiction, in Japan are not considered negative and are even defended and seen as something natural.

    The Japanese code of conduct is based on three concepts, which are like gears that work together to define the right way to proceed in the land of the rising sun.

    1. Girs

    The Japanese consider that at birth they contract a series of debts to their parents, Like receiving a name and being brought into the world. This idea is something similar to that held in the West in terms of Original Sin, but without negative connotations.

    2. Enabled

    It arises from the interaction with other people, when favors or other altruistic behaviors are performed or received. The idea of ​​being in debt acquires a point bordering on exaggeration in Japan, coming to be seen as something that will never be satisfied with it all and relationships are deeply influenced by it.

    This idea is at the origin of the fact that the Japanese thank each other several times.

    3. Chu

    It is a duty of a patriotic nature, Which refers to the respect to be felt for Japan, its law and the emperor.

    Today these three ideas are strongly present, but in feudal Japan they played a much more striking role. For example, if a samurai was insulted in public, his tower was tainted and he had an obligation to clean it, taking revenge on what the offense told him, usually in a duel.

    However, if this situation happened in the Imperial Palace, the chu had to be taken into account, because attacking another person there meant offending the Emperor. Therefore, the solution to this situation would be the death of the offended person, committing harakiri or honorable suicide.

    Bibliographical references:

    • Aznar, Hugo (1999). Ethics and journalism. Codes, statutes and other self-regulatory documents. Paidós.
    • Camps, V. (1990). Public virtues, Madrid, Spain, Espasa Calpe.
    • Maliandi, Ricardo (2004). Ethics: concepts and problems.
    • Rachels, James (2007). Introduction to moral philosophy.
    • Zavadivker, Nicholas (2004). An unfounded ethics.

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