12 examples of psychological violence (explained)

Violence between individuals can manifest itself in many ways and one of the most common is psychological.

Then we can learn more about this phenomenon, its causes and consequences. We will also see a series of examples to better understand the variants of this type of attack through several examples of psychological violence, Which some people usually exercise over others.

    What is psychological violence

    Before plunging fully into the various examples of psychological violence, we must stop to understand in depth the implications of this phenomenon. Psychological violence, also known as psychological abuse or emotional abuse, is behavior whereby a person tries to subdue or humiliate another through various practices that do not require physical assault.

    This type of behavior can generate different psychological consequences for the victim, ranging from symptoms of anxiety and / or depression to post-traumatic stress disorder. There are many examples of psychological violence likely to generate these consequences. Logically, depending on the frequency and intensity of the same, as well as the characteristics of the victim, the trauma will be more or less severe.

    Psychological violence concerns so many situations that it is difficult to give a more precise definition. What professionals know is that these behaviors are generally accompanied by three situations, which are the psychological aggression itself, the negation of it or the minimization, which generates a second form of victimization of the person. assaulted, the non-recognition of the harm suffered.

    Before starting to list the different examples of psychological violence that can occur, we will learn more about this phenomenon. As in all assaults, this situation is based on an imbalance whereby the aggressor takes a position of power vis-à-vis the victim, Who is subordinate and forced to act under his control.

    While these types of behaviors can occur in any setting, there are some cases where it is more common to find examples of emotional abuse. Some of these are of course the families themselves, where this emotional abuse of one member of the couple towards the other, or towards the children, could occur. In some cases it can even come from the children to the parents.

    Likewise, children can receive this emotional abuse from other children and in fact it is common. Older people can also be victims of psychological abuse, either by a family member or even by their caregivers.

    Of course, another of the scenarios where it is easier to find examples of psychological violence is certainly that of work. Although it is an increasingly judged problem, workplace harassment, which can lead to emotional abuse, is still common for many people, who are victims of such behavior on the part of their superiors. or even other peers.

    Different examples of psychological violence and their characteristics

    Once the theoretical introduction is finished, we are able to go around the main examples of psychological violence to complete our knowledge on this subject. We will then list the most important in order to be able to carry out an analysis of each of them.

    1. Intimidation

    Bullying is one of the clearest examples of emotional abuse. An intimidating attitude towards another person, either through shouting, attitudes such as threatening body posture, Are behaviors that can cause psychological harm to the victim. This effect may be exacerbated if there are more than one instead of an abuser, as the effect of harassment is multiplied by the perception of a much greater risk.

    2. Threats

    If a series of veiled but not explicit threats could be seen in bullying, we are talking about clearly threatening behaviors here. These can be verbal threats or physical behaviors that anticipate impending aggression, such as raising your fist in the air..

    While the physical assault may not materialize (because by then we would already be talking about another type of violence), it remains one of the examples of psychological violence, as the victim experiences anxiety and the fear.

    3. Insults

    Of course, insults are another form of psychological violence towards the person receiving them, because they are denigrated and it hurts your self-esteem. Repeated insults can turn into a form of psychological violence that is truly damaging to the victim.

      4. Humiliations

      In line with the previous point, humiliations are another example of psychological violence that they demonstrate the harm that can be done to a person just by using words. Humiliations can be of many types, from the physical appearance of the person, certain behaviors that they have performed, certain particular characteristics, etc.

      Ultimately, when the abuser wants to hurt, he will always find a way to get it.

      5. Rejection

      But Sometimes emotional damage can be done not actively, but passively. Extreme rejection is an example of emotional abuse. When an individual or a group of individuals deliberately decides to isolate another and exclude them from all activities and social relationships, they will eventually suffer the psychological consequences of these behaviors.

      This is commonly referred to as vacuuming, a behavior that is sometimes practiced by some children over others, but which can also be observed in adults.

      6. Forced isolation

      Forced isolation is another form of emotional abuse. This particular case, due to its characteristics, it is more common in pairs. In this case, one member of the couple, usually subtle at first but more evident later, begins to restrict the other person’s freedom to relate to others or to do certain activities.

      Little by little he isolates her until all his life turns exclusively to his attacker, paradoxically.

      7. Destruction of property

      Another example of psychological violence is the damage or destruction of objects that are the property of the victim. It is a form of violence that this involves physical harm, not to the person as such, but to an element which belongs to him and therefore hurts him.

      Additionally, a veiled threat may also be seen after this behavior, as the victim may be afraid of being assaulted at some point as well. There is another variation in which the aggressor, instead of damaging an object, exerts violence on an animal, because it belongs to the victim. It is an even more cruel and clear form of psychological violence, in which there is also another living being who suffers from it.

      8. Authoritarianism

      The same imbalance in a relationship between two people can generate authoritarianism in which, through other points which we have seen, such as bullying, the aggressor gains a permanent position of power in which he achieves that all his decisions and mandates are fulfilled, regardless of the wishes of the victim.

      9. Blackmail

      Blackmail is another of the most classic examples of psychological violence. Through blackmail, the person can inflict emotional damage on the other person to achieve their goals. A typical case is to question feelings towards the abuser if the other person is unwilling to adopt a certain behavior.

      10. Disproportionate criticism

      Constructive, well-founded criticism should never hurt the other person. But if the criticism is disproportionate, constant, it is not based on real data and more it is used to denigrate the individual, Of course, is a clear example of emotional abuse.

      11. Denial of feelings

      It can also cause a emotional harm to a person by denying their feelings. If one person experiences a certain emotion, usually negative, such as sadness, and another person, repeatedly, not only does he not validate these emotions but he despises them too and considers that they are not justified, he clearly abuses the psychological violence in her.

      12. Control

      Control would be another example of psychological violence that we could cite. While it can be a mix of some of the types we’ve seen before, such as authoritarianism or enforced isolation, control can take other forms and be less obvious. sometimes this results in a review of the neighbor’s actions, Like who you’ve been with, who you’ve spoken to, who are on your social media, etc.

      Today, telephone control, for example in the couple, is another of the most common examples of psychological violence that one can find.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Larrosa, MP (2010). Gender-based violence: psychological violence. Forum: Journal of Legal and Social Sciences.
      • Rodríguez-Domínguez, C., Durán, M., Martínez, R. (2018). Cyberbullying in adolescents and its relationship to emotional abuse, sexism and jealousy. Health and drug addiction.
      • Suárez, Ó.A. (2002). Psychological violence in the workplace within the framework of the European Union. Labor relations: Journal of labor relations.

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