5 examples of gender roles (and their effects on society)

Gender roles are something that has been talked about a lot lately and is gaining more and more importance.

The tendency is to eliminate them so that there is no gender separation in any type of task, but even so many of them can still be observed, especially in some societies.

In the following paragraphs we will have the opportunity to see some examples of gender roles and how they have influenced human societies.

    What are the gender roles?

    Before we start to list different examples of gender roles, we must first stop for a moment to understand exactly what this concept means. Gender roles are unwritten norms in which a range of behaviors have been historically established as appropriate or appropriate for a particular gender, While it was less likely to observe them against.

    As we went through the introduction, over the last few years various sectors of society have gone to great lengths to identify many of these examples of gender roles and try to dilute them so that the the set of behaviors to which they refer ceases to be predefined for a single gender. and become plausible for one of them.

    Likewise, some of them have also been identified who, instead of wanting to be extensible to both sexes, prefer to remove from the iron benchmark behaviors that are no longer accepted in today’s society, so they should disappear instead of universalizing between genres. Later we will see different examples of gender roles.

    One of the essential issues of gender roles is that they somehow mark what others expect from a person’s behavior in a given situation based on their gender. At least that was the case until some time ago, because we already mentioned it the trend is towards the universalization or elimination of these behaviors.

    The basis of gender roles is therefore the belief that depending on whether a person is male or female, they will have certain behaviors. The explanation of what part of the basis of these behaviors would be innate and what a simple social construct is the subject of intense debate and yields countless research.

    Therefore, we will not go further and we will dissect some examples of gender roles that will allow us to know more in depth the phenomenon that concerns us in this article.

    Some examples of gender roles

    Once we have done a little overview of the concept of the role of gender, we can look at a few examples to visualize the implications of this phenomenon.

    It’s important to remember that these examples of gender roles were common in our society until a few years ago, but the trend suggests that we are eliminating or at least substantially modifying some of them. , making them become roles. sex.

    1. Child care

    One of the most common examples of gender roles is that of childcare. Traditionally, in our society, this task, within marriage, tends to be taken on by women. On the contrary, the man had to work and earn a living to support his family. The wife not only had to take care of the children, but also take care of the household chores.

    Of course, this photograph has long been overlooked. Trends towards gender equality, with policies particularly active in integrating women into the world of work, have taken an important turn in this role.

    Nowadays, it is common to find marriages in which both parents have their respective jobs and therefore also share the chores related to the house and childcare. In these cases, they often turn to outside help to be able to give children the care they need, either through guardians, kindergartens or with the invaluable help of parents, especially grandparents. parents.

    In any case, even if this represents a change of trend, it does not mean that cases like the previous one do not continue to occur, and even the reverse, or with people of the same sex or being a single parent family. . It is clear that family models have also broadened, Which also helped reduce this prime example of a gender role.

    2. Emotional expressiveness

    Another of the behaviors that have traditionally been differentiated depending on whether the person was male or female is what has to do with the expression of emotions. Until some time ago, and even today, many people find it right for women to express their emotions openly, letting others know how they feel and even crying if they have any. need.

    However, this same behavior, if from a man, has been less common. Traditional parenting styles have had a big impact on children’s learning not to cry, That they are strong and that this behavior does not correspond to them. Of course, this trend is changing and today more and more parents are teaching their children to express how they are feeling and that it is okay to cry.

    This is one of the most important examples of gender roles, as it is based on learning that a boy or girl receives from an early age and which has extremely relevant implications during adulthood, such as in the case of the child. was educated not to express anything about his emotionality, he had fewer tools to know how to manage these emotions when they overwhelm him.

      3. Physical appearance

      Of course, the physical aspect is another example of the gender roles that society has traditionally had and which has been evolving for some time. Historically, many people expected a woman, because she was a woman, to maintain an impeccable physical appearance., By using articles such as make-up, certain clothes, cosmetics, hair removal, hairdressing, etc.

      But precisely that of the physical aspect is a role which quickly became universal. More and more men are devoting the same means as women to taking care of their appearance. In this area, they had to see both the sectors that promoted equality and the brands themselves, who saw how they could reach the remaining 50% of the population, who traditionally stayed outside the countryside.

      That’s not to say that everyone today feels a social obligation to take care of their physical appearance to the extreme. It simply means that it is no longer a role assigned to women and therefore that anyone can decide to maintain these behaviors, but that they can also decide not to do so and therefore not worry too much about it. projected physical image. in front of the others.

      4. Dominant character and conciliatory character

      Another example of the more common gender roles is the type of character traditionally attributed to men and women. historically the idea was promoted that men had certain leadership and dominating tendencies, while women, on the other hand, were more empathetic and accommodating.. In fact, we can already appreciate the interconnection with examples that we saw above.

      Through this prism, it was understood that it was easier for men to access certain positions of responsibility, as their character implied a number of characteristics suitable for carrying out these tasks. On the other hand, women were to remain in subordinate positions.

      Furthermore, the first of the examples of gender roles we saw implied that women could not even consider stepping into these positions of responsibility, as motherhood was incompatible with developing a successful career. Today’s equality policies, such as maternity and paternity leave, are gradually diluting this gender role.

      5. Types of studies

      too much a distinction was made between the types of studies suitable for a man and a woman, Stating that men were more likely to pursue careers in the exact sciences and engineering, while women preferred the humanities, social sciences and care disciplines over others (medicine, nursing or psychology). ).

      Although the enrollment figures indicate that these trends continue, the free choice of career is encouraged, so that no man or woman today has any obstacle in choosing to continue the studies that he has voluntarily. chosen.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Chávez Carapia, Julia de la Carmen (2004). Gender perspective. Plaza and Valdés.
      • Jayme, M., Sau, V. (1996). Differential psychology of sex and gender: fundamental principles. Editorial Icaria.
      • Puleo, AH (2007). Introduction to the concept of gender. Gender and communication. Editorial fundamentals.
      • Ros, SP (2012). Transnational family and redefinition of gender roles. The case of Bolivian migration to Spain. Articles: journal of sociology.

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