The family is one of the most important and important parts of human development. Our parents and siblings will be the first beings we come into contact with, and it is from them that we will leave. learn different skills, habits, values and ways of seeing and acting in the world.
However, we live in a complex society that often causes different kinds of hardship – from discordant work schedules, to divorces or separations, to the need to migrate from one parent or the lack of understanding of the needs of a new one. family member) for members. from the same family to share their time productively. This is why it is often necessary to elaborate different policies and mechanisms to facilitate family integration, A concept that we will talk about throughout this article.
The concept of family integration
It is understood by family integration to the degree of the health, harmony and balance existing in the relationships maintained within the members of a family, Include and value the person and his role within the family nucleus.
Maintenance requires efforts, activities and actions carried out that allow a strong, structured and coherent relationship and connection of each member of a family, so that the family functions in an organized and functional way and generate well-being for each of its members. The objective is to create a healthy family environment which allows the development of the family as a whole, with a particular interest in generating harmony and relationships of trust and union between its components.
Usually when we talk about family integration we are talking about efforts to maintain a strong and respectful union and bond within the family where adults can be involved in their children’s lives, allowing all family members to maintain a quality bond and act as references
A good family integration helps to promote positive values and to guarantee a quality education by devoting and having sufficient time and effort to carry out common activities and to foster the good relationship between the members of the family, as well as the involvement of the latter in the life of its members. For that you need that family group members share quality time, As well as communication and fears, doubts, emotions, joys and values.
Another aspect that can be important is not only how the family behaves inside, but also how they relate to the rest of society and the environment, including work, friendships or families. hobbies.
Likewise, the relationship should be good not only with the youngest members of the family, but also between the rest of its members, including the relationship (if applicable). A good interrelation is not only good for fostering union between them, but also has an effect on the rest of the family (especially the children). This doesn’t mean that a bad-tempered couple have to stay together even if they don’t want to, but their interaction is respectful enough that the rest of the environment and especially the children are not harmed by it. Or feel guilty for their harm. relationship.
The relevance of promoting
Family integration is not something that happens because it is. It has been shown that families in which there are dynamics that allow this link allow the healthy evolutionary development of all its components and in particular of children, who they can develop a strong self-esteem and a number of positive values that allow coexistence with others.
Communication is also encouraged and the search and application of consistent boundaries is made easier, and these are also easier for minors to understand. It can also make it difficult to present anti-social values, tending to aggression or the search for unequal power relations. Likewise, the possible search for ways to escape reality (such as drugs) and a more active search for a solution to the problems which arise is encouraged.
It has also been observed that the lack of good family integration promotes problems with concentration, decreased productivity, a tendency to discomfort and sadness, a reduced ability to cope with stressful situations or a reduced ability to cope with stressful situations. socialize.
What can hinder the integration of the family?
As we said, maintaining family integration is a very important thing to achieve create a positive environment and climate among family members and that it is developing normally. But the truth is that there are many factors that can hinder integration.
One of them and probably the most common is the difficulty of balancing family and work, especially if the schedules or the type of job make the children spend a lot of time alone or one of the parents is just spending time. with them. In this sense, it is advisable to look for moments to spend together and to intervene through various games and activities.
The existence of inequalities in relations, the underestimation of the needs of certain members of the family environment or the presence of problems such as crime, drug addiction or domestic violence are also causes of problems of family disintegration, generate in addition a negative model for the development of the minor.
Situations of continuous unemployment, social exclusion and / or extreme poverty can also create difficulties in maintaining this integration. Another possible difficulty of particular importance is the lack of awareness of the needs of family members, both as a couple and as children. This could see for example in some children with special educational needsAs might be the case for children with intellectual disabilities, autism, cerebral palsy or mental disorders.
If the presence of difficulties in maintaining a normative union and bond is captured, it may be helpful to turn to some type of family therapy, mediation, or family counseling in order to seek solutions to problems that may arise. In this case, it is possible to turn to relatives, such as grandparents, or professional caregivers, but in this sense it is necessary to develop social policies by the administration and the business sector to allow a true conciliation.
- Castro, RJ, Arias, WL, Domínguez, S., Masies, MA, Solange, X., Canals, F. and Flores, A. (2013). Family integration and socio-economic variables in the metropolis of Arequipa, Research Journal (Arequipa), 4: 35-65.
- Dager, EZ; McCullough, British Columbia (1976). Family integration: a multidimensional concept.
- Rogers, EM and Sebald, H. (1962). A distinction between family, family integration and parental guidance. Marriage and Family Life, 24 (1): 25-30.