Precarious: the new social class of enslaved youth

Precarious is a modern term conceptualized by economist Guy Standing in 2011, when the global economic crisis was consolidated and worsened in the so-called first world or developed economies such as Spain, France or even Germany, the economic engine of Europe.

In a way, the precarious are emerging as a new emerging class, a new mass phenomenon which, according to experts, requires urgent attention in order to resolve the potential crises of the coming decades. It is no longer just about the economic needs of individuals, but complexity will come not being able to guarantee a minimum of social protection.

    What exactly is precarious?

    Textually, the precarious is a hybrid between the concepts of precariousness and the proletariatAs it is a working class of the middle or lower class, our economic aspirations go hand in hand with its success in finding work, and it lives in the instability that the current labor market generates.

    Precariedado for the following reasons: this new class faces unprecedented job insecurity, To a volatility of the labor market and to an indeterminacy and classification of a concrete identity as a working class.

      The causes that gave rise to the phenomenon

      Some expert economists and political analysts such as the aforementioned type Standing, father of the definition, the prestigious Doctor of Economics Santiago Niño Becerra or Professor José Maria Gay de Liébana, among others, point directly to the capitalist system in general. and the globalization system in particular.

      One way or another, precariousness is even below the working poor for many hours and there is a mismatch in the labor / wage ratio, as in some cases it does not charge as stipulated by the law. law, as in the case of scholarship holders or workers who have to carry multiple jobs and who, in this case, cannot reach a minimum to pay for their living.

      Globalization has spread this new social class across the world, due to its asymmetric economic policies, and in some cases extremely difficult working conditions. and its policy of free movement of people; migration is another mechanism for perpetuating precariousness.

        The 3 types of precariousness

        Within this disturbing phenomenon, they are different type of classification according to the nature of the precarious. They are as follows.

        1. Young immigrants

        This group responds to this generation of young people who had to emigrate from their country of origin due to a lack of social guarantees such as public health, education and, of course, a lack of job offers. The problem is that the destination country has the same complexity.

        2. Young holders of university degrees

        In this case, the situation is even more serious. Here, the best prepared generations in history have an education and knowledge that exceeds or exceeds the needs of the labor market. In other words, they become so excellent at their skills, that they are excluded from the professional offer. In this context, his reaction to the work landscape can be a great frustration or, at the other extreme, a feeling of resignation which Bertrand Regader defined as a “satisfied slave syndrome”.

        3. Seniors

        This is probably the most urgent case to deal with. The elderly are the elderly, aged 40 to 55, who have remained out of the labor market by failing to meet the demands of the economy modern (technologies, travel).

        What do these groups have in common?

        As we have already underlined above, the precarious are a socio-economic group which is characterized by distinctive features: instability of employment (they do not have a fixed-term contract), remuneration for their work n There are no social guarantees (they are paid below what is legal in most cases) and are also deprived of certain civil privileges such as paid holidays or days off enjoyed by the rest of society.

        Unlike the typical working class of the days of the industrial revolution, the precarious have even less security of finding work, and the areas they can get to work are so unstable that within a few years, their skills may be insufficient for the job they occupy.

        Universal income possible and the only solution

        In different meetings of economic circles, world development forums and other socio-political events, and all national governments admit not knowing how to face the next challenge of the twenty-first century. The world’s population is growing, human power becomes exhaustible and resources are scarce.

        And it is at this point that politicians encounter an often insurmountable wall to tackle the problem, and it is to convince financial and commercial entities of the need to change models in production systems.

        Globalization responds to capitalism, which at the same time feeds on a neoliberal ideology that promotes fierce competition at the national level, both in the strictly professional and personal spheres. This leads to lower wages, Greater sustainability in the working day and a constant transformation of the labor market, which means constant updating (and this is not always possible) by the worker.

        In this sense, Standing, the author of the book Les Précaires, une nouvelle classe sociale, sees a violent and dark future for this phenomenon, calling for a unique solution: universal basic income as a new fundamental right that can guarantee monetary income. minimum. for people who identify with this socio-economic group.

        Leave a Comment