We know that the context conditions, but the individual in turn is a stockbroker of the environment. This is one of the many reasons why psychology must be particularly sensitive to the psychobiological processes of people in order to understand them and to establish effective strategies to promote these processes of change and mutual learning between professionals and participants. .
In the case of participatory murals through the technique of graffiti in different educational environments, in this case non-formal, we see how a strategy well adapted to the context is a very useful tool for detect possible problems and transform the participants’ perception of reality.
We call participatory murals across the graffiti technique because the graffiti itself is given under other pretexts, but in turn it is a tool by which one can promote a feeling of belonging to a team, and at the same time bring out the individualizing elements of each subject. A visual and striking technique like this transforms the environment, and if given through teamwork, it creates a myriad of creative possibilities in the process of making a mural.
The graphite is framed in the movement Hip hop. In May 2001, a document entitled “Hip hop peace declaration“In which the philosophical foundations of the movement have been established by prominent figures in the field. These articles are in line with educational practices considered valid for social transformation and self-development, it can therefore be considered a Decalogue to understand what theoretical framework encompasses the practice of this discipline of Hip Hop.
Development theories: Piaget and Vigotsky
According to the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, we can observe how the environment and genetics interact in the creation of identity and cognitive patterns. Considering the main criticisms of each model, in this case the close development theory, Since we do not process the same profiles depending on the context, for example a craes and an neighborhood couple. The stages of development must be taken into account, but the differences inherent in each environment mean that there may be a gap between the ages proposed by Piaget.
One point to keep in mind for the practice of psychology are the intercultural skills, Because in a context of globalization like today, we can deal with people of different beliefs and cultures. Adequacy of technique and treatment to the principles of each culture becomes essential for the creation of positive bonds between psychologists and participants (Wen-Shing, 2004).
Individual differences and creation of contexts felt as their own
The use given to the environment is not the same in one craes that in a neighborhood coupleBased on this, it is necessary to detect the emotional connection in space and between participants in order to generate strategies that can transform negative connotations into a range of possibilities with a positive approach. These relationships are observed during activity, in the way they are processed and how they interact with each other. To do this, a free space is created in which to express ideas and act naturally under the premise of respect. We must not forget the previous Decalogue to give meaning to the activity and its real context.
The presentation of ideas and consensus are used to decide which elements will be part of the mural and their interpretation. In this process, the subjective concepts of perception are brought to light beauty in art, but the main objective is not to create works that will be judged later, but to generate one graphic expression the psychobiological and emotional processes of the participants. Foster the ability to abstraction this can be a positive factor when interpreting a drawing, a detail, a play of colors … because as in the principles of art therapy, the meaning is not only in the symbolism and in the noticeable at first glance.
Once the sketch of the mural has been made through the opinions of the participants, it is possible to propose the creation of a “crew“, Which in the context of graffiti means:” an organized group working to achieve collective goals. “This is for materialize the feeling of belonging to a group by the combination of words and numbers that give meaning to the ‘ because they are together and work as a team.
To complete the process of creating a participatory fresco need to shape through the graffiti technique in one Wall oa ceiling. The purpose of creating this graphic expression is to transform the context according to the individual differences of the participants in each environment, and in turn, this transformation has a positive influence on the individuals. the results pictorial and interpretative will be different in each environment, but the point of union in each context, it is the internalization of an experience and of the processes lived in it.
The creation of creative contexts in which the dynamics are adapted to the participants, so that they themselves set the rhythm and can be free expressing oneself is a way of minimizing the Pygmalion effect associated with conventional pedagogical practices and the paradigm from which we start in terms of “education”. The processes of learning son reciprocal, And a position opened by professionals helps.
Since the different realities from which the participants come according to their environment can create cognitive dissonances among professionals between the expectations and the processes experienced during the activity. It should be noted that the theories that are the subject of study in psychology and other disciplines were generated in a given context, but this context can be transformed, and we must face it.
- Wen-Shing, T. (2004). Culture and Psychotherapy: Asian Perspectives. Journal of Mental Health, 13 (2), 151-161.