American power over the mediaAs in other sectors, it is unmatched and has been based, since the 1940s, on various central foundations that make up its doctrine of domination. One of these central foundations makes the media an extremely useful tool for the capacity of influence of this country: the ideology of free trade or (neo) liberalism.
Just before the end of World War II (1944), the United States to endorse a measure in which they commit to promoting unrestricted freedom of information and communication around the world. The Bretton Woods agreements in June 1944 for monetary exchanges, also creating the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and, in 1947, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), laid the regulatory (neo) liberal bases of free trade to defend the doctrine of American influence. The multilateral agreements designed by these bodies implement the free dissemination of information and communication as an important pillar in the fight against Communism.
This doctrine, which dominated the years of the Cold War, and after it, materialized an American vision (originally embodied in the Constitution of 1791) of press freedom. The development of communication infrastructure has taken place in parallel to coordinate with the doctrine of influence and ultimately domination. In 1964, the Congressional Foreign Affairs Committee he believed that the primary purpose of the United States was to impose leadership on the world through voluntary adherence to American values. Thus, the political objective sought to influence public opinion or leaders through communication techniques. What to say about geopolitics sweet power.
A doctrine for the domination of global information
This doctrine, which made information a commodity like any other and a means of American influence on a planetary scale, is considered a tool for Realpolitik. The doctrine tends to tear down all the “walls” for the creation of a commercial space in the whole dimension of the globe, thus ensuring free competition and the free circulation of American products such as radio or television programs for the purpose of create a framework of influence. . Today, the Internet represents the new dimension of this doctrine geopolitics of the Cold War, no matter how hard it is for us to understand since the Internet it has many positive dimensions, for example for the rapid exchange of information.
Information and communication technologies are therefore considered to be one of the foundations of the governance of the world for the United States. Since the 2000s, a new economy has crystallized under the rise of American companies based on industrial activities and on new strategic sectors such as e-commerce, online financial transactions, etc. Today, it can be seen that among the top 10 most visited websites in the world, 8 of them are of “Yankee” origin (According to PGC Marketing).
Apparently, these companies pose no threat to corporations, so we wouldn’t say they can exert a “malignant” influence. Let’s move on to an approximation.
The size of the Snowden house
Echelon is a spy system created in 1947 that is part of a treaty between the UK and the United States, So later Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Denmark, Norway, Turkey and Germany. The first step was to share information between the various secret services and intelligence agencies. The most important of the above is the National Security Agency (NSA) The discovery in the face of public opinion came with the statements of Edward snowden in June 2013. This system is made up of a network of 120 satellites forming a worldwide network of telephone tapping, high frequency radio broadcasts, submarine cables, the Internet … The American sites are accomplices of the ‘access to NSA within their networks such as Facebook, Gmail or Skype.
It is not necessary to make a very long list of the consequences of spying massive towards society. It would almost suffice for us to exercise our imagination. However, we would like to mention that this spy ability, far from being harmless, articulates an attack, not just on the human rights privacy, But also at other levels of human life making it possible to know social, economic, governmental behavior … This accumulation of knowledge, called Big data, Directly interferes with the march of the world and is calculated as one more weapon under the geopolitics global. Although the qualification of hegemonic power is questioned, United States he remains a potential candidate to renew his status as the hub of the world.
 Realpolitik is a German concept which designates this foreign policy based on the politics of power: “Power above the law”.