In the world of social science and cognitive psychology, there is a great deal of interest in prejudices related to sexist attitudes. However, around this subject there are many terms that confuse a large portion of people who have no training in this area.
The terms “feminism” and “hembrism”, for example, are two labels that are often confused., As if they were synonyms.
However, the meaning of what feminism historically was and what has recently been given to the word hembrism is very different. Let’s see where the confusion comes from.
First, we will give a rough definition of each of these words, and then we will see in detail how they differ.
Feminism is a set of social movements whose objectives are based on the visibility and empowerment of women and the questioning of gender roles in which the feminine is considered to be eclipsed by the masculine. Therefore, feminism is a social phenomenon tied to a given historical context, and changes over the years as the story progresses. It focuses on claims related to both legislation and the customs and habits of a society that still drags sexist leaves due to centuries of domination over women.
In theory, hembrismo is a neologism which is used to speak of an attitude which legitimizes the contempt and the attacks towards the men by the fact of being it. It is generally equated with the concept of misandry, Which means “hatred towards men”, although the latter term has more to do with an attitude that can be externalized more directly or not, while the former is something observable. Therefore, the idea of embryism has to do with sexism.
The differences between feminism and hembrism
Now let’s see the differences between the two concepts.
Social phenomenon vs attitude
As we have seen, feminism is fundamentally a product of history and its raison d’être is linked to an inequality that has always hurt women. This means that feminism is not just a person’s propensity to think and act in a certain way.
Feminism is not something that is found in individuals, but in sets of people; it is a collective phenomenon: the social movements that shape feminism. It exists as the answer to an element that also cannot be defined as individualBut it is conceived as something systemic: patriarchy.
Hembrism, on the other hand, would be an individual attitude, as it does not stem from a cultural or legal system of inequality in which the people who have had the most power have historically been women.
In one way or another, hembrism is more of a psychological than a social phenomenon, Whereas with feminism, the opposite occurs. This, however, is half true, as everything social has an impact on the psychological and vice versa. However, this distinction between these two spheres (social and individual) allows us to better understand them, because in practice they coexist and depend on each other.
Product of history vs psychological bias
Feminism can be given a date of birth, which coincides with the Age of Enlightenment, Because it is a social and intellectual movement. This means that the idea that feminist people can exist, for example in ancient Greece, is technically incorrect.
Hembrism, on the other hand, can theoretically be found at any time in the past, as it only depends on whether or not a person exists who, for one reason or another, rejects or hates men. Its existence does not depend on a dynamic of events that have generated a chain effect throughout history, but appears more spontaneously.
Unilateral rejection vs integration
Feminism does not propose measures to indefinitely deprive men of well-being and power for the simple fact of being so, which masculinity does by justifications based on the “natural order of things”, tradition, etc. Even the positive discrimination measures advocated by part of feminism they are intended as a temporary arrangement, For example, allow women to access managerial positions under the same conditions as men.
The hembrismo, on the other hand, would be the hatred towards the men by the simple fact of being it, that is to say of indefinite form and independent of the context. It is therefore, an essentialist biasBecause it does not depend on what a person does or the conditions in which he interacts with others, but it is his condition as a man that produces the rejection due to sexism.
The controversies surrounding the idea of hembrism
The very use of the word “hembrism” has been widely criticized, as it is understood as a word born to harm the social movement. One way or another, it is assumed that its use can only have negative consequences for egalitarian movements and positive for conservative and traditionalist positions.
However, this does not have to be the case and, in fact, the fear that some feminist circles would show the possibility of addressing the meaning of the word hembrismo may cause this to happen. identify with feminism by being considered a taboo, Something that we do not talk about and that is made invisible because it effectively attacks the foundations of movement.
For example, the position of assuming hembrism as a taboo leads to absurdities such as that of considering that “hembrismo does not exist”, which is obviously false. Hembrism does not cease to exist so that it cannot be compared to masculinity, in the same way that contempt for people who follow a football team exists even if there is no evidence of a discriminatory political and cultural system.