Exercise is one of the activities that gives the most sensations to our body and to our physical and mental well-being, which is why playing sports brings many benefits. Experts recommend doing moderate physical activity at least 3 times a week; otherwise, we run the risk of sedentary lifestyles and other problems.
However, Excessive exercise can also have negative consequences for a person and for his health.
Negative consequences of excessive exercise
Controlled physical activity can increase our happiness, improve our heart health, help us have a lean body, reduce stress and many other benefits, as you can check in the article: “The 10 psychological benefits of exercise”
But what happens when we train excessively? What consequences does this have on our body and mind? We will see below.
One of the pathological conditions associated with physical training, and in particular with weight training, is vigor. This condition is a type of body dysmorphic disorder in which the person looks less muscular than they are and is obsessed with having a gym (i.e. muscular) body.
The origin of vigor lies in the culture of the image in which we live immersed. The media continually sends us ads about the perfect body, often in an unreal way. Obsession with diet and exercise can cause a person to suffer from vigor, and vigor can lead a person to become obsessed with exercise.
Running has become very popular in recent years, and although running is one of the healthiest activities for our body and mind, in excess it can also cause serious problems for the person overtaking it. And this is it anything taken to the extreme can have negative consequences for our body, and running is no exception.
Runnorexia can arise because the person suffers from low self-esteem and therefore seeks to fill the void they feel through overtraining. Obviously, cultural factors also influence and the fact that running is in vogue has also led to an increase in cases of runnorexia.
In extreme cases, people with runnorexia they may see their quality of life decline and they may even stop dating their friends or partner. If you want to know more about this disorder, you can read this article: “Runnorexia: Modern Running Addiction”
Rhabdomyolysis is a condition that is characterized by an alteration of muscle cells that cause alterations in the body and can endanger a person’s life Its cause can be hereditary, although excessive and intense physical training can also lead to its development. Therefore, to avoid this alteration, it is advisable to perform controlled physical exercises and under suitable conditions.
Injuries are common in athletes, whether muscle or joint, and sometimes occur without excessive exercise. However, when we train excessively and not get enough rest we are more susceptible to injury. Sometimes this is due to training overload and other times it is mental fatigue that occurs which causes us to have incorrect technique.
Exercising in moderation can help us feel young and healthy, not only physically, but also psychologically and mentally. However, excessive effort accelerates joint wear.
6. Overtraining syndrome
Overtraining syndrome is comparable to the burnout syndrome that occurs in companies. This phenomenon, also called obsolete, can lead the person to have serious health problems and affect their daily life.
When we talk about overtraining, we have to distinguish between physical overtraining, which can cause problems, for example, the type of muscle, mental overtraining, much more complexoi which produces the following symptoms: feeling tired, insomnia, depression, loss of vigor, etc. Excessive exercise and lack of recovery influence the development of this disorder.
- If you want to know more: “Overtraining Syndrome: Burnt Athletes”
7. Heart problems
While moderate exercise is good for the cardiovascular system, and even intense training when done correctly, too much exercise can cause increased circulatory and heart problems.
According to a study in the journal Heart, playing a lot of sports can be counterproductive for the heart, especially in those over 30 who train intensely for more than five hours per week. The data concludes that 19% of the population are more likely to developing heart disease such as atrial fibrillation at the age of 60.
8. Weakened immune system
The immune system is also damaged by excessive exercise, especially because the body does not get enough rest. This causes different problems for the body as it does not recover properly because should do during a rest period. The weak immune system manifests itself in more colds, fever, headaches and more serious illnesses.